Skin Diseases 2022, December

Dyshidrosis: what é, symptoms, causes and treatment

Dyshidrosis: what é, symptoms, causes and treatment

Dyshidrosis is a skin condition that causes small, fluid-filled blisters to form, which usually appear on the palms of the hands, the sides of the fingers, or the soles of the feet. Dyshidrosis blisters cause intense itching that can last up to 3 weeks.

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Warts: what are they, types, how to get them and how to remove them

Warts: what are they, types, how to get them and how to remove them

Warts are small benign growths on the skin, usually harmless, caused by the HPV virus, which can appear in people of any age and anywhere on the body, such as on the face, foot, groin, genital area or in the hands. Warts can appear in groups or singly, and can easily spread from one area of ​​the body to another.

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Impingem: what é, symptoms, causes and treatment

Impingem: what é, symptoms, causes and treatment

Impingum, popularly known as impinge or simply tinea or tinea, is a fungal infection that affects the skin, leading to the formation of reddish lesions that can flake and itch over time. Depending on the type of fungus, there may still be changes in the scalp, such as hair loss and intense dandruff.

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Lamellar ichthyosis: what é, symptoms, causes and treatment

Lamellar ichthyosis: what é, symptoms, causes and treatment

Lamellar ichthyosis is a rare genetic disease that manifests itself in the newborn at birth, characterized by symptoms such as peeling of the skin, formation of dark plaques, dry eye or deformation of the nails and fingers, for example, being caused by changes in genes responsible for skin formation.

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Rednessãon the face: 10 main causes and what to do

Rednessãon the face: 10 main causes and what to do

Redness on the face can happen due to prolonged exposure to the sun, during moments of anxiety, shame and nervousness or when you are doing physical activity, being considered normal. However, redness on the face can arise due to some he alth conditions, and may be indicative of autoimmune diseases, such as systemic lupus erythematosus, or indicate allergies.

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How to treat ingrown toenails at home (and what not to do)

How to treat ingrown toenails at home (and what not to do)

A slightly ingrown toenail can be treated at home, by trying to lift the corner of the nail and inserting a small piece of cotton or gauze, so that the nail stops growing into the finger and ends up clearing naturally. However, when the area around the nail becomes very red, swollen and with pus, it may indicate that there is already an infection at the site and, therefore, it is very important that it be evaluated by a he alth professional, like a nurse or podiatrist, who

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Basal cell carcinoma: what é, symptoms, causes and treatment

Basal cell carcinoma: what é, symptoms, causes and treatment

Basal cell carcinoma is the most common type of skin cancer, which causes the appearance of a small tumor, in the form of a reddish spot that grows slowly over time. Basal cell carcinoma is not very aggressive and normally only affects the layers of the skin, which means that it has a good chance of being cured because, in most cases, it is possible to remove all the tumor cells only with surgery, especially if is diagnosed in the early stages of development.

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Mucocele (bubble in the mouth): what é, symptoms, causes and treatment

Mucocele (bubble in the mouth): what é, symptoms, causes and treatment

A mucocele, also known as a mucous cyst, is a kind of blister that forms on the lip, tongue, cheeks or roof of the mouth, usually due to a blow to the region, repetitive bites or when a salivary gland suffers a obstruction, which occurs due to fluid accumulation after a salivary vessel ruptures.

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Lipoma: what é, symptoms, causes and treatment

Lipoma: what é, symptoms, causes and treatment

Lipoma is a type of benign lump or cyst that appears under the skin, composed of fat cells, having a rounded shape, and can appear anywhere in the body where fat cells are present, being very common in the shoulders, chest, back, neck, thigh and armpit.

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Molluscus contagiosum: what é, cause, symptoms and treatment

Molluscus contagiosum: what é, cause, symptoms and treatment

Molluscum contagiosum is an infectious disease, caused by the poxvirus virus, which affects the skin and leads to the appearance of small, painless, skin-colored blisters on any part of the body, with the exception of the palms of the hands and soles.

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Pitiríase rósea: what é, symptoms, causes and treatment

Pitiríase rósea: what é, symptoms, causes and treatment

Pityriasis rosea, also known as pityriasis rosea of ​​Gilbert, is a skin disease that causes the appearance of scaly patches of red or pink color, mainly on the trunk, which appear gradually and disappear on their own, lasting between 6 to 12 weeks.

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Rosácea: what é, symptoms, causes and treatment

Rosácea: what é, symptoms, causes and treatment

Rosacea is a skin disease that usually causes redness on the face, especially on the cheeks, but it can also affect the eyes, in which cases it is called ocular rosacea. The exact cause of rosacea is not yet known, however the symptoms tend to appear by "

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Dermatitis atópica: what é, symptoms, causes and treatment

Dermatitis atópica: what é, symptoms, causes and treatment

Atopic dermatitis is a chronic disease that causes inflammation of the skin, causing dryness, plaques and blisters that are very itchy, and which can lead to the formation of wounds. Symptoms of atopic dermatitis, also known as atopic eczema, can happen to anyone, but are most common in babies and children under 5 years of age.

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Cobreiro: what é, symptoms, causes and treatment

Cobreiro: what é, symptoms, causes and treatment

shingles is a skin disease scientifically called herpes zoster, which appears in people who have had chickenpox at some point in their lives and who are experiencing a lot of stress or have a weakened immune system, as happens during a cold or flu infection, for example.

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Bicho geográfico: life cycle, main symptoms and treatment

Bicho geográfico: life cycle, main symptoms and treatment

The geographic bug is a parasite frequently found in domestic animals, mainly dogs and cats, and is responsible for causing the cutaneous Larva migrans Syndrome, since the parasite can penetrate the skin through wounds or cuts and lead to appearance of symptoms such as itching and redness.

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As é done treatment for hanseníase (leprosy)

As é done treatment for hanseníase (leprosy)

Leprosy treatment is done with antibiotics and should be started as soon as the first symptoms appear so that a cure can be achieved. The treatment takes time and must be done at the he alth center or referral treatment center, usually once a month, according to the doctor's instructions regarding the medication and dose.

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Keratosis pilaris: what é, how to identify, causes and treatment

Keratosis pilaris: what é, how to identify, causes and treatment

Keratosis pilaris, also known as follicular or pilaris keratosis, is a very common skin disorder in which reddish or whitish bumps appear on the skin, especially on the arms, buttocks and legs, which do not hurt or itch, happening due to the excessive production of keratin, which ends up accumulating in the hair follicles.

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Bicho-de-pé: what é, symptoms and how to remove

Bicho-de-pé: what é, symptoms and how to remove

The chigger is a small parasite that enters the skin, mainly on the feet, where it develops quickly. It is also called sand bug, pig bug, dog bug, jatecuba, matacanha, sand flea or tunga, for example, depending on the region. This is a skin infection caused by a small flea, called Tunga penetrans, which is able to infiltrate and live for several weeks in the skin, causing a small lesion that can inflame and cause symptoms such as pain, itching and redness.

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Líwhat plan: what é, symptoms, causes and treatment

Líwhat plan: what é, symptoms, causes and treatment

Lichen planus is an inflammatory disease that can affect the skin, nails, scalp and even the mucous membranes of the mouth and genital region. This disease is characterized by reddish lesions, which may have small white stripes, with a wrinkled appearance, have a characteristic shine and are accompanied by intense itching and swelling.

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Melanoma on the nail: what é, symptoms and treatment

Melanoma on the nail: what é, symptoms and treatment

Nail melanoma, also called subungual melanoma, is a rare type of cancer that appears on the nails and can be noticed by the presence of a dark vertical spot on the nail that increases over time. This type of melanoma is more common in adults and has no defined cause, and its appearance is considered to be due to genetic factors.

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Inflamed tattoo: why it happens and what to do

Inflamed tattoo: why it happens and what to do

The inflamed tattoo usually leads to the appearance of signs such as redness, swelling and pain in the area of ​​the skin where it was made, generating discomfort and concern that it could be a sign of something serious. However, it is normal for the tattoo to become inflamed in the first 3 to 4 days, as it is a natural reaction of the skin to the type of injury that was caused by the needle, without being an indication of something more serious such as allergy or infection

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5 incredible benefitsísunbathing for the saúde

5 incredible benefitsísunbathing for the saúde

Exposing yourself to the sun daily brings several he alth benefits, as it stimulates the production of vitamin D, which is essential for various activities of the body, in addition to stimulating the production of melanin, preventing diseases and increasing the feeling of good -estar.

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Hormoskin cream: what is it for and how to use it

Hormoskin cream: what is it for and how to use it

Hormoskin is a cream to remove blemishes from the skin that has in its composition hydroquinone, tretinoin and a corticosteroid, fluocinolone acetonide, being mainly indicated in the treatment of moderate to severe melasma. Melasma is characterized by the appearance of dark spots on the face, especially on the forehead and cheeks, which can occur due to hormonal changes common in pregnancy, or be a consequence of the use of contraceptives or exposure to ultraviolet light, f

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Treatment for bed sores: care and ointments

Treatment for bed sores: care and ointments

Treatment for eschar, or decubitus ulcer as it is scientifically known, can be done with laser, sugar, papain ointment or dersani oil, for example, depending on the depth of the eschar. These products can be used separately or together and help in wound healing, and should be selected by a he althcare professional, ideally a doctor or nurse, according to the characteristics of the eschar.

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Human sporotrichosis: what é, symptoms and treatment

Human sporotrichosis: what é, symptoms and treatment

Sporotrichosis is an infectious disease caused by the fungus Sporothrix schenckii, which can be found naturally in soil and plants. Infection by the fungus happens when this microorganism manages to enter the body through a wound present in the skin, leading to the formation of small sores or reddish lumps similar to a mosquito bite, for example.

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Bullous pemphigoid: what é, cause, symptoms and treatment

Bullous pemphigoid: what é, cause, symptoms and treatment

Bullous pemphigoid is an autoimmune dermatological disease in which large red blisters appear on the skin and do not break easily. This disease is more likely to occur in older people, however, cases of bullous pemphigoid in newborns have been identified.

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Doença wild fire: what é, symptoms, causes and treatment

Doença wild fire: what é, symptoms, causes and treatment

Wild fire disease, scientifically called pemphigus, is a rare autoimmune disease in which the immune system produces antibodies that attack and destroy skin and mucosal cells such as the mouth, nose, throat or genitals, forming blisters or sores that cause a stinging, burning, and painful sensation, being more common in adults and older people, although it can happen at any age.

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Intertrigo: what é, symptoms, causes and treatment

Intertrigo: what é, symptoms, causes and treatment

Intertrigo is a skin infection that can appear on the inner thighs, between the fingers or in the skin folds, such as the armpits, below the breasts and groin, for example, and which causes itching, pain at the site. and redness. This infection is mainly caused by the fungus Candida albicans, which is naturally present in the body but can proliferate and lead to the appearance of symptoms when there are favorable conditions, such as heat and humidity, which can be observed

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Itchy groin: what it can be (and what to do)

Itchy groin: what it can be (and what to do)

Itching in the groin can be caused due to hair growth after shaving, allergy to the material of the underwear or underwear, and in these cases, applying a moisturizing cream or anti-allergic ointment, such as Polaramine or Phenergan, can help to relieve the itch and get rid of the discomfort quickly.

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Soft fibroma (acrocórdon): what é, causes and treatment

Soft fibroma (acrocórdon): what é, causes and treatment

Soft fibroma, also known as acrochordon or nevus molluscum, is a small mass that appears on the skin, most often in the neck, armpit and groin, which is between 2 and 5 mm in diameter, does not cause symptoms and in most of the time it is benign.

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Leukoderma Guttata (white freckle): what é, causes and treatment

Leukoderma Guttata (white freckle): what é, causes and treatment

White freckles, scientifically called guttate leukoderma, are small white spots on the skin, ranging in size from 1 to 10 mm, which are usually caused by excessive exposure to the sun. This happens because UV rays damage melanocytes, which are the skin cells that produce melanin, the substance that gives the skin a darker color.

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Melanoma: symptoms to watch out for

Melanoma: symptoms to watch out for

Knowing how to identify melanoma in the skin early is the best way to guarantee the success of the treatment, as it can prevent skin cancer from developing and manage to create metastases that are difficult to eliminate, even with treatment.

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Pitiríase alba: what é, symptoms, causes and treatment

Pitiríase alba: what é, symptoms, causes and treatment

Pityriasis alba is a skin problem that causes pink or red spots to appear on the skin, which disappear and leave a lighter stain. This problem primarily affects dark-skinned children and young adults, but can occur at any age and race. A specific cause for the appearance of pityriasis alba is not yet known, but it is not hereditary and, therefore, if there is a case in the family, it does not mean that other people may have it.

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Úvaricose ulcer: what é, symptoms, causes and treatment

Úvaricose ulcer: what é, symptoms, causes and treatment

A varicose ulcer is a wound that appears most often on the legs, especially near the ankle, due to damage to the valves of the blood vessels in the leg, making it difficult for blood to return from the legs to the heart, which leads to a increased blood pressure within the vessel, and poor blood circulation in the area, causing wounds that hurt and do not heal.

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Acantosis nigricans: what é, causes and treatment

Acantosis nigricans: what é, causes and treatment

Acanthosis nigricans is a dark spot that can appear on the skin mainly in the neck and armpits and is usually related to hormonal changes, especially insulin resistance. Thus, acanthosis nigricans can occur as a consequence of polycystic ovary syndrome, thyroid disorders, Cushing's syndrome and type 2 diabetes, for example.

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Granuloma piogênico: what é, causes and treatment

Granuloma piogênico: what é, causes and treatment

Pyogenic granuloma is a relatively common alteration of the skin that causes the appearance of a bright red mass with a size between 2 mm and 2 cm, rarely reaching 5 cm. In some cases, pyogenic granuloma may also present with a darker color with brown or dark blue tones.

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Pyoderma: what é, types and treatment

Pyoderma: what é, types and treatment

Pyoderma is a skin infection caused by bacteria that may or may not have pus. These lesions are mainly caused by S. aureus and S. pyogenes and cause skin lesions that form crusts, blisters, being well delimited or extensive, and therefore should always be observed by the doctor so that treatment can be started as soon as possible.

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Dermographism: what é, symptoms, causes and treatment

Dermographism: what é, symptoms, causes and treatment

Dermographism, also called dermographic urticaria or physical urticaria, is a type of skin allergy characterized by swelling after stimulation caused by a scratch or contact of objects or clothes with the skin, which may be accompanied by itching and redness.

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Erythrasma: what é, symptoms, causes and treatment

Erythrasma: what é, symptoms, causes and treatment

Erythrasma is a skin infection caused by the bacterium Corynebacterium minutissimum that leads to the appearance of spots on the skin that can flake off. Erythrasma happens more frequently in adults, especially in obese and diabetic patients, as the bacteria are usually found where there is friction on the skin, such as in the folds, that is, the armpit and under the breasts, for example.

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Epidermóbullous lysis: what é, symptoms and treatment

Epidermóbullous lysis: what é, symptoms and treatment

Epidermolysis bullosa is a genetic skin disease that causes the formation of blisters on the skin and mucous membranes, after any friction or minor trauma that can be caused by irritation of the clothing label on the skin or, simply, when removing a band-aid, for example.

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