The main symptoms that mark the beginning of depression are lack of will to perform activities that gave pleasure, reduced energy and constant tiredness. These symptoms appear in low intensity but worsen over time, causing distress and inability to work or maintain interactions with other people, for example.
Psychological Disorders 2022, December
Oppositional defiant disorder, also known as ODD, usually occurs during childhood, and is characterized by frequent behaviors of anger, aggression, revenge, defiance, teasing, disobedience, or resentment. Generally, treatment consists of psychotherapy sessions and parent training so that they can better deal with the child.
Narcissism is a psychological disorder characterized by an overvaluation of oneself, need for recognition and devaluation of others. These characteristics can be considered normal and even expected in adolescents and tend to decrease in adulthood.
The Accelerated Thought Syndrome is an alteration, identified by Augusto Cury, where the mind is full of thoughts, being completely full all the time the person is awake, which makes concentration difficult, increases anxiety and erodes physical and mental he alth.
Apraxia is a speech disorder in which a person has difficulty speaking because he cannot properly articulate the muscles involved in speech. However, he is able to reason correctly, presenting only difficulty in articulating words, being able to drag some words and distort sounds.
Personality disorders are a group of psychological disorders that present a rigid and persistent pattern of behaviors, thoughts and feelings that are different from what is expected in a particular culture. According to their characteristics, personality disorders are classified into 3 categories:
Psychopathy is a personality disorder characterized by changes in behavior such as lack of empathy, affection and/or remorse and inadequate management of anger, for example. The psychopathic person tends to be very manipulative and centralizing, thus presenting extremely narcissistic behaviors and not taking responsibility for any of their attitudes.
The psychotic break is a temporary alteration of the mental state in which there is a dissociation between reality and the person's perception of it, and there may be hallucinations, anxiety and aggression during the episode. This situation can be triggered by some psychiatric illnesses, such as bipolar disorder or schizophrenia, or be a result of the consumption of hallucinogenic drugs or exposure to industrial products, such as lead, for example.
The Oedipus complex is a concept that was defended by the psychoanalyst Sigmund Freud, which refers to a stage of psychosexual development of the child, called the phallic stage, in which he begins to feel desire for his mother and hatred and jealousy.
Anger attack, scientifically known as intermittent explosive disorder and popularly as Hulk Syndrome, is a disorder in which attacks of anger are generated in an uncontrolled way and sudden aggression, which can be accompanied by verbal and physical aggression that lasts about 30 minutes and that can harm the person and those around them.
Treatment for depression is focused on improving symptoms and quality of life and decreasing the risk of suicide. Just as the causes of depression are still not fully understood, there are several alternatives to treat this disorder, such as medication, psychotherapy and alternative therapy.
Burnout syndrome, or professional burnout syndrome, is a situation characterized by physical, emotional or mental exhaustion that usually arises due to the accumulation of stress at work or related to studies, and which occurs more frequently in professionals who have to deal with pressure and constant responsibility, such as teachers or he alth professionals for example.
Pyromania is a psychological disorder in which the person tends to start fires, by feeling pleasure and satisfaction in the process of preparing the fire or by observing the results and damage caused by the fire. In addition, there are still people who like to set fire to watch all the confusion of firefighters and inhabitants trying to fight the flames.
Treatment of depression depends on its severity and is usually done with antidepressant drugs such as Fluoxetine or Paroxetine, for example, as well as psychotherapy sessions with a psychologist. It is also very important to complement the treatment with alternative and natural therapies, such as leisure activities, walking outdoors, reading or doing meditation, with the aim of increasing well-being and the feeling of pleasure.
Agophobia corresponds to excessive fear or anxiety in some situations, such as being in open places, in a crowd or when using public transport, for example, due to the fear of not being able to escape or receive help, leading to appearance of symptoms such as panic attacks, diarrhea or fainting, for example.
Increased consumption of foods rich in omega 3, as well as the consumption of omega 3 in capsules, are useful to prevent and fight depression and anxiety as it improves the control of emotions and mood, thus decreasing depressive symptoms, sleep disturbances and lack of sexual appetite that are common symptoms in depressed people.
Mood variations can be influenced by changes in the season, and the person may experience greater drowsiness and tiredness, which can be considered normal. However, when these symptoms are persistent and other signs appear, such as loss of interest in activities that were previously pleasurable, difficulty sleeping or decreased social interactions, for example, it can be considered seasonal depression.
Body dysmorphia is a psychological disorder in which there is excessive concern for the body, causing the person to overestimate small imperfections or imagine these imperfections, resulting in a very negative impact on their self-esteem, in addition to affecting their life at work, school and socializing with friends and family.
Suicidal behavior and suicide can occur as a result of several factors, such as low socioeconomic status, negative situations during pregnancy or in the family, as well as a consequence of psychological disorders such as depression, bipolarity and substance abuse.
To control a panic attack or anxiety attacks, it is important to breathe deeply, go to a place where the person feels safe and, if possible, get some fresh air, always trying to stay calm. In addition, it is also very important not to focus attention on the anxiety, discomfort, nausea, agitation and tremors that you may be feeling, so that you can relax more easily.
Cognitive-behavioral therapy consists of the combination of cognitive therapy and behavioral therapy, which is a type of psychotherapy that was developed in the 60s, which focuses on the way a person processes and interprets situations and that can generate suffering.
Broken heart syndrome, also known as Takotsuba cardiomyopathy, is a rare condition that causes heart attack-like symptoms, such as chest pain, shortness of breath, or fatigue that can arise in periods of intense emotional stress, as a process of separation or after the death of a family member, for example.
Histrionic personality disorder is characterized by excessive emotionality and attention seeking, which usually manifests in early adulthood. These people generally feel bad when they are not the center of attention, use their physical appearance to capture people's attention, and are easily influenced.
Major depressive disorder or classic depression, also called unipolar, is a mental he alth disorder that is usually caused by low hormone production. Usually the most common symptoms include feelings of emptiness, lack of interest in routine activities, terminal insomnia and sadness for no apparent reason, which persist for at least two weeks in a row, and therefore it is one of the disorders more disabling psychological conditions, as the person cannot maintain routine act
There is a difference between being sad and having depression. Sadness is a natural feeling that can happen to anyone as a response to situations such as personal conflicts, loss of a loved one or the end of a personal relationship. Treatment is not necessary, as the feeling is fleeting.
Mythomania, also known as pseudology fantastic or pathological lying, is a psychological disorder in which the person has a compulsive tendency to lie, without there being any other psychological disorder or dementia, for example. One of the big differences between the sporadic or traditional liar and the mythomaniac is that in the first case, the person lies to take advantage or advantage in some situation, while the mythomaniac lies in order to disguise his own reality.
Impostor syndrome is a psychological disorder that, despite not being classified as a mental illness, is extensively studied. The symptoms presented are usually the same symptoms that are found in other disorders such as depression, anxiety and low self-esteem, for example.
Dependent personality disorder is characterized by an excessive need to be taken care of by other people, which leads to a submissive behavior and an intense fear of separation. In addition, these people also have a hard time making decisions, constantly needing other people's decision or approval.
Psychosis is a psychological disorder in which the mental state of the person is altered, causing him to live in two worlds simultaneously, in the real world and in his imagination, but he cannot differentiate them and often they become merge.
Bipolar disorder is a severe mental disorder in which the person has mood swings that can range from depression, in which there is deep sadness, to mania, in which there is extreme euphoria, or hypomania, which is a more light of the mania. This disorder, also called bipolar disorder or manic-depressive illness, affects both men and women and can begin in late adolescence or early adulthood, requiring lifelong treatment.
Adolescent depression is a disease that must be taken seriously, because if not properly treated, it can cause consequences such as drug abuse and suicide, which are serious problems in the adolescent's life. Some clinical features of depression in adolescence are sadness, constant irritability, memory failure, lack of self-esteem and feelings of worthlessness.
When a friend or family member is experiencing depression, to help it is important to inform yourself about it, make the other comfortable to talk about what is happening, provide emotional support and recommend that psychological or psychiatric help be wanted.
Orthorexia, also called orthorexia nervosa, is a disorder characterized by excessive preoccupation with he althy eating, in which the person consumes only pure foods, without pesticides, contaminants or products of animal origin, in addition to just consuming foods with a low glycemic index, low fat and sugar.
Antisocial personality is actually a disorder, known as antisocial personality disorder, which can also be known as sociopathy, and which is characterized by a behavior pattern of indifference, disregard and disregard for right and wrong, or violation of other people's rights or feelings.
Avoidant personality disorder is characterized by socially inhibiting behavior and feelings of inadequacy and extreme sensitivity to negative evaluation by others. Usually, this disorder appears in early adulthood, but even in childhood, some signs can begin to be seen, in which children feel excessive shame, isolate themselves more than is considered normal or avoid strangers or new places.
Paranoid Personality Disorder, also called PPD, is characterized by an excess of distrust on the part of the individual and suspicion of others, in which his intentions are, in most cases, interpreted as evil. Generally, this disorder appears in early adulthood and may be a consequence of hereditary factors and childhood experiences.
Diabulimia is a serious eating disorder that occurs in people with diabetes, mainly type 1 diabetes, in which the person intentionally reduces or stops taking the amount of insulin needed to control their blood sugar levels. blood, in order to lose weight.
There are some medications that can lead to an induction of depression as a side effect. Generally, this effect only happens in a small percentage of people and, in these cases, the medicine must be replaced, by the doctor, by another that has the same action, but does not induce this side effect.
The "illness mania", scientifically known as illness anxiety disorder and, formerly, as hypochondria, is a psychological disorder characterized by an excessive preoccupation with suffering from some disease due to the misinterpretation of bodily manifestations, the that can directly interfere with the person's quality of life.
Perfectionism is a type of behavior characterized by the desire to perform all tasks perfectly, not admitting mistakes or unsatisfactory results for your standard. The perfectionist person usually has a high standard of demand on himself and on others.