Muscle contracture occurs due to an exaggerated muscle stiffness or contraction, which makes the muscle unable to relax. Contractures can happen in different parts of the body, such as the neck, cervical or thigh, for example, and can occur after practicing a very strong exercise, by making some sudden movement, by a bad night's sleep or by excess tension in the body caused by stress.
Orthopedic diseases 2022, December
Proprioception is the body's ability to assess where it is in order to maintain balance when standing, moving or making efforts. Proprioception is also called kinesthesia and is what allows you to walk without thinking about the next step or touch your nose with your eyes closed, for example.
An ankle sprain is a common situation, which can be resolved at home, and usually the person recovers in 3 to 5 days, with less pain and swelling. However, when symptoms arise such as difficulty putting the foot on the ground and walking, physiotherapy is usually recommended to recover faster.
Muscle strain occurs when a muscle is overstretched, causing some muscle fibers or the entire muscle involved to rupture. In some cases, this rupture can even affect the tendons close to the muscle, occurring more specifically at the musculotendinous junction, which is the site of the union between the muscle and the tendon.
Temporomandibular dysfunction (TMD) is an abnormality in the functioning of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ), which is responsible for the movement of opening and closing the mouth, and can be caused by clenching the teeth too much during sleep, some blow to the region or the habit of biting nails, for example.
Knee pain can be relieved through home measures such as putting ice, massage or performing exercises that help strengthen the knee muscles. However, in cases where the pain does not go away within 5 days, it is important that the orthopedist is consulted so that tests are carried out to help identify the cause and, thus, the use of medication to treat knee pain is indicated.
Recovery after total knee replacement is generally quick, but varies from person to person and the type of surgery performed. The surgeon may indicate the use of analgesics to relieve the discomfort of pain after the surgery, and in the first 2 postoperative weeks some steps should be followed, such as:
Pain in the midfoot is mainly linked to the use of shoes that are too tight or inappropriate, regular and constant physical activity, such as running, for example, and excessive weight, which can lead to inflammation of the nerves and tissues present in the foot, causing pain and discomfort.
Feet pain can be easily caused by the use of inappropriate shoes, corns, ingrown toenails or bunions, but it can also be a sign of diseases or deformities that affect the joints and bones, such as arthritis, gout or neuroma of Morton, for example, that must be evaluated by the doctor to verify the need for specific treatment.
Pain on the soles of the feet can be caused by several situations, and a common hypothesis is plantar fasciitis, which is usually a quick injury to heal. This injury can be caused by wearing high heels for many hours at a time, or by standing in high heels for a long time.
Baby hip dysplasia, also known as congenital dysplasia or developmental dysplasia of the hip, is a condition where the baby is born with an imperfect fit between the femur and the hip bone, which causes the joint becomes looser and causes decreased hip mobility and changes in limb length.
Neck pain stretches are great for relaxing the muscles, reducing tension and, consequently, pain, which can also affect the shoulders, causing headache and discomfort in the spine and shoulders. To enhance this home treatment, you can take a hot bath or put a warm compress on your neck before stretching, as the heat increases local blood circulation, favors flexibility and promotes muscle relaxation, facilitating muscle stretching.
Physiotherapy should begin on the 1st day after hip replacement and should continue for 6-12 months to restore normal hip movement, maintain strength and range of motion, decrease pain, prevent the onset of complications such as prosthesis displacement or clot formation and preparing to return to daily activities.
Chondromalacia patella, also called chondromalacia patella, is wear on the knee joint that leads to the appearance of some symptoms such as deep pain in the knee and around the kneecap when performing certain movements. Chondromalacia patella can happen due to repetitive movements with the knee, excess weight or be a consequence of knee injuries, it is important to consult the orthopedist so that the diagnosis is made and the most appropriate treatment is initiated, which m
Treatment for groin pain should be done according to the cause of the pain, with rest, ice pack at the site of pain and use of medication if the pain is persistent or interferes with daily activities -day, and must be indicated by the doctor.
Hernia is a medical term used to describe when an internal organ dislocates and ends up protruding under the skin, due to fragility, which can happen in any part of the body, such as the navel, abdomen, thigh, crotch or spine, for example. One of the most common types of hernia is an inguinal hernia, in which a piece of intestine manages to slip through the abdominal wall and become visible, as a small bulge or swelling, under the skin in the intimate region.
Pain in the right arm can arise from several causes, the most common of which are blows or injuries to the structures of the arm, such as when having a bad posture, doing repetitive efforts or sleeping on top of the arm, for example. Arm pain can arise in any region, from the shoulder to the wrist, usually by affecting places such as muscles, tendons, nerves, joints, blood vessels and skin.
Dislocation is an intra-articular injury in which one of the bones is displaced, losing its natural fit. It can be associated with a fracture and is usually caused by a strong trauma such as a fall, car accident or due to laxity in the joint ligaments that can be caused by chronic diseases such as arthritis or osteoarthritis, for example.
Dislocation treatment may vary depending on the type of joint affected and the severity of symptoms. This situation is considered a medical emergency and, therefore, it is important that the person consults the orthopedist as soon as possible so that a physical and imaging exam can be carried out and, thus, the best treatment can be started, which, in some cases,, may involve surgery.
Rachitis is a childhood disease characterized by the absence of vitamin D, which is important for calcium absorption in the intestine and subsequent deposition in bones. Thus, there is a change in the development of children's bones, which may have primary or secondary causes:
Thigh pain, also known as thigh myalgia, is a muscle pain that can happen in the front, back or sides of the thigh that can be caused by excessive physical activity or a direct blow to the area., and it can also happen due to muscle contracture or inflammation of the sciatic nerve.
Most of the time, foot pain is caused by wearing shoes that do not support the feet properly, dryness of the skin in this region and the appearance of cracks and by staying in the same position for many hours, which makes it difficult to return venous, favoring swelling.
Treatment for leg pain depends on its cause, which can range from tiredness to orthopedic problems in the joints or spine, for example. However, the most common is that the pain is related to muscle fatigue or blood circulation problems, such as varicose veins in the legs, so the first treatment option is usually done to improve blood circulation.
To relieve neck pain, you can put a compress of warm water on the neck and massage the area using analgesic and anti-inflammatory ointments. However, in case the pain does not go away or is very intense, it is recommended to go to the doctor so that tests can be carried out and the most appropriate treatment can be started.
Lumbar pain is pain that occurs in the lower back and can be the result of poor posture or repetitive strain, for example, being easily resolved with rest and light massage at the pain site. However, when the pain becomes intense and constant, or other symptoms arise such as leg or gluteal pain, shortness of breath, a feeling of numbness or tingling in the back and/or difficulty performing movements, it is important go to the doctor so that the symptoms are evaluated, the d
Wrist (or wrist) pain can arise due to inflammation of the tendons or bursa in the wrist region, as in the case of tendinitis or bursitis, but it can also arise due to local nerve compression, or even even due to other he alth conditions such as rheumatoid or gout for example.
Lumbar disc herniation happens when the discs between the vertebrae of the spine, which act as shock absorbers, are pressed and change shape or rupture, which can put pressure on the nerve roots near the spinal disc, causing symptoms such as pain, tingling or numbness in the legs.
Feet pain is most often caused by wearing high-heeled or tight-fitting shoes for a long time, performing excessive physical activity or as a consequence of pregnancy, for example, if it is not serious and It can be treated at home only with rest, ice and massage.
Physiotherapeutic treatment for low back pain can be done with the use of devices and stretching for pain relief, as well as massages to relax tense muscles and postural correction through exercises to eliminate the cause of the pain, and the time to treatment can vary from person to person, and can last between 3 and 6 months when physical therapy is performed 3 times a week.
Muscle contusion is usually caused by direct trauma that causes pain, swelling and stiffness in the region, with the thigh being the most affected site. This type of injury is very common in athletes, especially soccer players, but it can happen to anyone who practices physical activity.
Placing a warm compress on the site of the contracture and leaving it on for 15-20 minutes is a good way to relieve the pain of the contracture. Stretching the affected muscle also usually brings relief from symptoms gradually, but in certain cases, when these forms of home treatment are not enough, physical therapy is recommended.
Treatment for temporomandibular disorder, also known as TMJ pain, is based on the cause, and includes use of bite plates to relieve pressure on the joint, facial muscle relaxation techniques, physiotherapy or, in more severe cases, surgery. It is also very important to observe and avoid habits that may be triggering the pain, such as the habit of biting nails, biting your lips or clenching your teeth intentionally or unintentionally, resting your chin on your hand or chewin
Muscle strain is the injury that occurs when a muscle is stretched excessively, breaking the muscle fibers, which is more common after an excessive physical effort, for example. As soon as the stretch occurs, the person may feel intense pain at the injury site, in addition to also being able to notice a decrease in muscle strength and flexibility.
Treatment for muscle strain, which consists of rupture of the tendon that connects the muscle to the bone, or very close to the tendon, can be done by applying ice in the first 48 hours after the injury and resting, and may need to use splints or crutches, for example.
Proprioception exercises accelerate recovery from injuries to the shoulder joint, ligaments, muscles or tendons because they help the body adapt to the affected limb, avoiding unnecessary efforts during daily activities, such as moving the arm, picking up objects or cleaning the house, for example.
Proprioception exercises help in the recovery of injuries to the knee joint or ligaments because they force the body to adapt to the injury, preventing the affected area from exerting too much effort in daily activities, such as running, walking or climbing stairs, for example.
The synovial cyst is a type of nodule, similar to a lump, that appears close to a joint, being more common in places such as the foot, wrist or knee. This type of cyst is filled with synovial fluid and is usually caused by blows, repeated strain injuries, or joint defect.
Proprioception exercises promote recovery from injuries to joints or ligaments because they force the body to adapt to the injury, preventing the affected area from putting too much strain on the affected area in daily activities, such as walking or climbing stairs, for example.
Home treatment for back pain involves resting for about 3 days, using hot compresses and stretching exercises, as this is possible to promote a decrease in inflammation in the spine and thus relieve pain. During the recovery period, exercising at the gym or walking is not recommended, as the pain may worsen.