General Practice 2022, December

10 symptoms of hepatitis (and how to get it)

10 symptoms of hepatitis (and how to get it)

Hepatitis symptoms usually appear between 15 to 45 days after contact with the hepatitis virus, in the case of viral hepatitis, which can happen due to unprotected sexual intercourse, sharing syringes and needles or drinking water or food contaminated with the virus.

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7 natural tranquilizers (for anxiety, insomnia and nervousness)

7 natural tranquilizers (for anxiety, insomnia and nervousness)

An excellent natural tranquilizer is passionflower incarnata, also known as passion fruit flower because this plant, in addition to being easy to find, has strong sedative properties that help calm anxiety and promote sleep, leaving the person calmer, serene and peaceful.

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How many degrees é fever (and how to take a temperature)

How many degrees é fever (and how to take a temperature)

Usually, it is considered a fever when the axillary temperature is above 38ºC, since temperatures between 37, 5º and 38ºC can be easily reached, especially when it is very hot or when you have many layers of clothes on. The surest way to know if you have a fever is to use a thermometer to measure your body temperature, not just putting your hand on your forehead or the back of your head.

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9 first symptoms of COVID-19 (with online test)

9 first symptoms of COVID-19 (with online test)

The new coronavirus, SARS-CoV-2, responsible for COVID-19, can cause several different symptoms that, depending on the person, can range from a simple flu to severe pneumonia. Typically the first symptoms of COVID-19 include: Dry and persistent cough;

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When taking 3ª and 4ª dose of COVID-19 vaccine?

When taking 3ª and 4ª dose of COVID-19 vaccine?

"Third dose" and "booster dose" are terms that have been used to describe a new dose of COVID-19 vaccine. Although they may seem similar, the two terms have different meanings: Third dose: means that to achieve the necessary level of protection, a vaccine needs to be administered in 3 equal initial doses;

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Graves's Doença: what é, symptoms, causes and treatment

Graves's Doença: what é, symptoms, causes and treatment

Graves disease is an autoimmune disease of the thyroid characterized by the excessive production of hormones by this gland, causing hyperthyroidism, which leads to the appearance of symptoms such as nervousness, weight loss even with increased appetite, bulging eyes or palpitations for example.

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12 foods that boost immunity (to avoid flu and viruses)

12 foods that boost immunity (to avoid flu and viruses)

Foods that increase immunity are mainly fruits and vegetables, such as strawberries, oranges and broccoli, but also seeds, nuts and fish, as they are rich in nutrients that help in the formation of immune system cells. These foods also help protect the body's cells against changes that can lead to problems such as cancer, as well as helping to fight infections, whether bacterial, fungal or viral, and reduce inflammatory processes that may be happening in the body.

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COVID-19 in childrenças: symptoms, treatment and when to go to the hospital

COVID-19 in childrenças: symptoms, treatment and when to go to the hospital

Although it is less common than in adults, children can also develop COVID-19. However, the symptoms seem to be less severe than in adults, with fever, cough, tiredness, skin changes and diarrhea being more common. Still, some children may have a more serious infection, known as pediatric multisystem inflammatory syndrome, which can generate stronger symptoms, such as very high fever, vomiting and severe abdominal pain.

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Pregnancy week by week: like babyê develops

Pregnancy week by week: like babyê develops

The weeks of pregnancy are mainly marked by the baby's development, which is most sensitive in the first 12 weeks, as this is the phase in which rapid multiplication of cells and formation of the main organs occurs. However, during the entire pregnancy there are also several changes in the woman's body, which can result in various symptoms and discomforts such as morning sickness, tiredness or breast tenderness, for example.

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Anasarca: what é, symptoms, causes and treatment

Anasarca: what é, symptoms, causes and treatment

Anasarca is a generalized swelling in the body that occurs due to the accumulation of fluid within cells and in the space between cells, being considered a symptom caused by various he alth problems such as heart, kidney or liver failure and even diseases of the lymphatic system.

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COVID self-test: what é, how to do it and results

COVID self-test: what é, how to do it and results

The self-test for COVID is a test similar to the rapid antigen test at the pharmacy, but it can be done at home without the need for a he althcare professional, giving a result in 15 to 30 minutes. This test is recommended for people who have symptoms suggestive of COVID-19, such as cough, fever, sore throat or excessive tiredness, and can be done between the 1st and 7th day of symptoms.

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14 early pregnancy symptoms (week by week)

14 early pregnancy symptoms (week by week)

The main symptoms of pregnancy are: absence of menstruation, morning sickness, mood swings, excessive tiredness and increased urge to urinate, which tend to appear after a few weeks. However, there are other signs and symptoms that can be noticed in the first days of pregnancy, especially if the woman is very attentive to her own body.

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Remédios for COVID-19: for home or hospital use

Remédios for COVID-19: for home or hospital use

Medicines approved by Anvisa and the Ministry of He alth against COVID-19, such as Paxlovid, Evusheld and Rendesivir, prevent the virus from replicating and/or entering cells, preventing infection or the development of serious cases of COVID-19.

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5 ointments for candidíase (and how to use it)

5 ointments for candidíase (and how to use it)

Ointments for candidiasis contain substances with antifungal action, which act by inhibiting the growth and multiplication of the fungus that causes candidiasis, helping to relieve symptoms of irritation, itching, redness, swelling or discharge.

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4 chás to stop menstruationção delayed

4 chás to stop menstruationção delayed

The teas to bring down a late period are those that cause the uterine muscle to contract and, therefore, stimulate the uterus to peel off. Most of the teas used for this purpose are not scientifically proven in humans, but they are used very frequently in traditional medicine in some continents, especially in South America, Africa and Asia.

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4 reméproven home remedies for cough

4 reméproven home remedies for cough

A great home remedy for cough is guaco juice with carrot which, due to its bronchodilator property, is able to relieve cough with phlegm and promote well-being. In addition, ginger tea with lemon is also a good option, being indicated for dry cough due to its anti-inflammatory and antiseptic action.

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How to cure sore throat: natural options and remediesédios

How to cure sore throat: natural options and remediesédios

In some cases, a sore throat can be treated at home with simple measures such as resting, avoiding sudden changes in temperature and using some home remedies, such as gargling with warm s alt water or lemon tea with honey and ginger, for example.

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What to take for a sore throat (home remedies and opções)

What to take for a sore throat (home remedies and opções)

Sore throat is characterized by inflammation, irritation, and difficulty swallowing or speaking, which can be relieved with the use of pain relievers or anti-inflammatories. Sore throat can be transient and appear during a cold or flu, for example, or it can be persistent, which happens especially in people who suffer from tonsillitis.

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7 best chás to treat the flu

7 best chás to treat the flu

Some great options for home remedies to reduce the symptoms of flu, both common, as well as more specific ones where H1N1 is included, are: drinking lemon, echinacea, garlic, linden or elderberry tea, because these medicinal plants have analgesic and anti-inflammatory properties that help relieve typical symptoms and improve discomfort.

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7 tips to get better from the flu faster

7 tips to get better from the flu faster

The flu is a disease caused by the Influenza virus, which generates symptoms such as sore throat, cough, fever or runny nose, which can be very uncomfortable and interfere with daily life. Treatment for the flu is usually done at home with adequate rest and hydration, but it can also include the use of some remedies to relieve discomfort, as long as we recommend it to a doctor.

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Diet for PMS: best foods and what to avoid

Diet for PMS: best foods and what to avoid

Foods that fight PMS are ideally those that contain omega 3 and/or tryptophan, such as fish and seeds, as they help to reduce irritability, as well as vegetables, which are rich in water and help to combat fluid retention. Thus, during PMS, the diet should be especially rich in:

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7 reméhome remedies for sinusitis: chás and other optionsções

7 reméhome remedies for sinusitis: chás and other optionsções

Some home remedies, such as eucalyptus steam inhalation, nettle mint juice or turmeric tea, have anti-inflammatory, expectorant and antiseptic properties, which help reduce sinus inflammation and relieve sinus symptoms such as pain or pressure in the face, stuffy nose and cough, for example.

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Caruru: what é, benefícios and how to make it (with recipes)

Caruru: what é, benefícios and how to make it (with recipes)

Caruru is a plant rich in calcium, magnesium and manganese, essential minerals for the formation and maintenance of he althy bones and teeth, helping to prevent osteoporosis, falls and fractures. In addition, this unconventional food plant is also rich in fiber that helps fight constipation, because it increases the volume of stools and stimulates natural bowel movements, making stools pass more easily through the intestine.

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10 alterações da menstruationção: what it can be (and what to do)

10 alterações da menstruationção: what it can be (and what to do)

Alterations such as brown menstruation, prolonged, irregular or heavy menstruation can indicate more serious diseases such as endometriosis, fibroids, hypothyroidism or even cancer. However, sometimes these changes in menstruation can also have less serious causes such as stress, weight loss and inadequate diet, or even be considered normal, such as the irregularity that is common to occur around puberty and around of menopause.

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Ivermectin: what it is for, how to take it and side effects

Ivermectin: what it is for, how to take it and side effects

Ivermectin is an antiparasitic drug capable of paralyzing and promoting the elimination of various types of parasites, being mainly indicated for the treatment of onchocerciasis, elephantiasis, pediculosis (lice), ascariasis (roundworm) and scabies.

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Treatment for COVID-19 (mild or severe cases)

Treatment for COVID-19 (mild or severe cases)

Treatment of coronavirus infection (COVID-19) varies according to the intensity of symptoms. In milder cases, where there are only mild symptoms such as fever above 38ºC, intense cough, loss of smell and taste or muscle pain, treatment can be done at home with rest and the use of some medicines to relieve symptoms.

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COVID, flu or cold: symptoms and when to go to the médico

COVID, flu or cold: symptoms and when to go to the médico

COVID-19, flu and cold are viral infections that affect the respiratory system and, therefore, can present very similar symptoms such as fever, sore throat, stuffy nose and tiredness, for example. However, there are some differences between these infections, especially in the frequency of each symptom.

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RT-PCR for COVID-19: when to do it and results

RT-PCR for COVID-19: when to do it and results

The PCR test, also known as RT-PCR, is an extremely sensitive laboratory test that is done to identify the presence of a specific type of genetic material in the collected sample. This test is often used to identify virus infections such as Zika, Ebola, H1N1 or, more recently, COVID-19.

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Síndrome pós-COVID: what é, symptoms and what to do

Síndrome pós-COVID: what é, symptoms and what to do

Post-COVID syndrome, or long-term COVID, is a term being used to describe cases in which a person has been considered cured of SARS-CoV-2 infection but continues to experience some symptoms or he alth problems infection-related, such as excessive tiredness, muscle pain, coughing, difficulty thinking and/or feeling short of breath.

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Symptoms of COVID-19 variants (Delta, Ômicron and others)

Symptoms of COVID-19 variants (Delta, Ômicron and others)

Variant is a term used to refer to genetic alterations that have been identified in a particular infectious agent, which may make it have a greater capacity for infection and/or transmission, as well as greater resistance to the action of the immune system, for example.

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COVID-19 vaccine side effects (and how to alleviate them)

COVID-19 vaccine side effects (and how to alleviate them)

The appearance of reactions after taking the COVID-19 vaccine is completely normal and happens due to the natural response of the immune system, which produces antibodies to fight the substance that was injected. It is this response that makes it possible to create immunity, since the antibodies produced are the same ones that, in the case of a real infection by COVID-19, will fight the virus.

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COVID-19 tests: when to do it, types and results

COVID-19 tests: when to do it, types and results

There are different types of tests for COVID-19 that allow us to know if a person is infected with the coronavirus or if, at some point, they have already had contact with the virus, having developed temporary immunity. The only test capable of confirming active COVID-19 infection is the RT-PCR exam, in which a sample of secretions is taken, through the nose or mouth, and analyzed in the laboratory, confirming or not, the presence of the virus in the body.

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Test rápid COVID-19: as é done, where to do and results

Test rápid COVID-19: as é done, where to do and results

Rapid tests for COVID-19 make it possible to know, in a few minutes, if the person is infected or has had contact with the coronavirus, depending on whether it is an antigen test or an antibody test. These tests can be performed in pharmacies or drugstores, and the results are obtained in 15 minutes, as they do not need to be sent to the laboratory in order to be analyzed in special equipment.

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6 dúlives on the cure for coronavírus (COVID-19)

6 dúlives on the cure for coronavírus (COVID-19)

Most people infected with the new coronavirus (COVID-19) are able to achieve a cure and fully recover, as the immune system is able to eliminate the virus from the body. However, the time that can pass from the time the person presents the first symptoms, until the person is considered cured can vary from case to case, ranging from 5 days to several weeks.

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Dyspnea: what é, symptoms, causes, types and treatment

Dyspnea: what é, symptoms, causes, types and treatment

Dyspnea is the feeling of shortness of breath, which usually arises when you are doing some physical activity, but which can also happen in situations of anxiety, for example. Dyspnea is usually accompanied by other symptoms such as tiredness, tightness in the chest or irregular and accelerated breathing.

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COVID-19 vaccines: effectiveness, doses and side effects

COVID-19 vaccines: effectiveness, doses and side effects

Several vaccines against COVID-19 are being studied and developed around the world to try to combat the pandemic caused by the new coronavirus. To date, the main vaccines approved for emergency use by the WHO [1] are: Pfizer and BioNTech (Comirnaty):

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Parosmia: what é, causes and treatment

Parosmia: what é, causes and treatment

Parosmia is a disorder of smell in which there is difficulty in identifying smells, and there may be a change in your perception, causing smells that were previously normal or pleasant, to be felt as unpleasant or unbearable. As smell is directly related to taste, in some cases the person who suffers from parosmia may also feel that a food that was previously appetizing becomes unpleasant.

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COVID-19 vaccine in childrenças: when to take it, doses and side effects

COVID-19 vaccine in childrenças: when to take it, doses and side effects

The COVID-19 vaccine is indicated for all children over 5 years of age, both in Brazil and Portugal. In most cases, between 5 and 11 years of age, a pediatric version should be administered, while for children and adolescents over 12 years of age, the vaccine to be administered should be the same as for adults.

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24 dúlives on the coronavirus vaccineírus (COVID-19)

24 dúlives on the coronavirus vaccineírus (COVID-19)

Vaccination against COVID-19 is a controversial topic, especially since vaccines were developed in a short time to try to combat the global pandemic caused by the new coronavirus. For this reason, many doubts and myths have arisen about the vaccine, especially related to its safety and efficacy.

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8 pregnancy symptoms before delay (and how to know if é pregnancy)

8 pregnancy symptoms before delay (and how to know if é pregnancy)

Before your period is late, it is possible that you may notice some symptoms that may be indicative of pregnancy, such as sore breasts, frequent nausea, cramps, mild abdominal pain or excessive tiredness for no apparent reason. However, these symptoms can also arise for any other reason or be indicative that the menstrual period is approaching, not necessarily a sign of pregnancy.

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