Laxatives are medicines that stimulate intestinal contractions, favoring the elimination of feces and temporarily combating constipation. Despite helping to reduce the symptoms of constipation, taking more than 1 tablet of laxative a week can be harmful to he alth, as it can induce dependence, in which the intestine starts working only after taking the laxative.
Gastrointestinal Disorders 2023, March
Gas are naturally produced by bacteria that ferment food during digestion, and for the most part, it doesn't smell too bad, nor is it indicative of he alth problems. In addition to the production by bacteria, gases can also arise when a person eats too quickly, as it is common for air to enter the body, increasing the amount of gases formed.
There are several ways to eliminate trapped intestinal gas, but one of the simplest and most practical is to drink fennel tea with lemon balm and walk for a few minutes, as this way it is possible to stimulate the functioning of the intestine, eliminating gases naturally, while walking.
A hepatologist is a doctor who specializes in the prevention and treatment of diseases that damage the liver and organs that work together with the liver, such as the gallbladder and pancreas. In addition, the hepatologist can also request blood tests, biopsies and imaging tests, which help in the diagnosis of situations such as gallstones, hepatitis, fatty liver and pancreatitis, for example.
To treat food poisoning at home, it is important to rest and drink plenty of fluids to avoid dehydration and favor the elimination of toxins produced by microorganisms, in addition to having a light and easily digestible diet to avoid worsening symptoms.
Dark or black stools usually appear when there is digested blood in the composition of the poop and, therefore, can be an important sign of bleeding in the initial part of the digestive system, especially in the esophagus or stomach, caused by ulcers or varicose veins.
The gallbladder polyp is a protrusion of the gallbladder wall that normally does not cause symptoms, however when there are several polyps or when the polyp is very large, some symptoms may be noticed, such as nausea, abdominal pain on the right side and vomiting, for example.
Yellow stools is a relatively common alteration that can arise due to a high-fat diet, or the use of slimming drugs, such as Xenical, for example, as they interfere with bowel movements or decrease the absorption of fats by the body. intestine, which changes the color of stool.
Treatment for intestinal infection should be guided by the general practitioner or gastroenterologist according to the signs and symptoms presented by the person. In most cases, treatment can be done at home and aims to promote the elimination of the infectious agent, relieve symptoms and prevent dehydration.
Remedies for intestinal infection should be recommended by the doctor according to the intensity of the symptoms and the infectious agent responsible for the infection, and the use of probiotics may be indicated, to balance the intestinal flora, or analgesics, to relieve symptoms.
Retal prolapse in adults is mainly due to weakening of the muscles that hold the rectum, which can be due to aging, constipation, excessive force to evacuate and intestinal infections, for example. Treatment is carried out according to the cause of the prolapse, and the doctor is usually recommended to increase fiber consumption and water intake, for example, to favor the natural return of the rectum.
What to do in case of rectal prolapse is to go quickly to the hospital to confirm the diagnosis and start the most appropriate treatment, which often includes the use of surgery, especially in adults. However, as prolapse can cause discomfort, before going to the hospital you can:
Fecal incontinence is the involuntary loss or inability to control the elimination of bowel contents through the anus, which may cause the elimination of feces or intestinal gas, being more common in women over 70 years of age, but also can appear in men, young people or children from 4 years of age.
Fecaloma is a medical term used to describe a mass of hardened and dry stool that can accumulate in the rectum or in the final portion of the intestine, especially in the case of the elderly, bedridden or paraplegic people. This condition can also be called "
A hiatal hernia is a small structure that forms when a portion of the stomach passes through a region called the esophageal hiatus, which is found in the diaphragm and normally should only allow the esophagus to pass. Understand what a hernia is and why it forms.
An anal fistula, or perianal fistula, is a kind of wound that forms from the last portion of the intestine to the skin of the anus, creating a narrow tunnel that causes symptoms such as pain, redness and bleeding from the anus. Usually, the fistula arises after an abscess in the anus, however, it can also be caused by inflammatory bowel diseases, such as Crohn's disease or diverticulitis, for example.
Meteorism corresponds to the accumulation of gases in the digestive tract, which can happen due to unconscious swallowing of air when eating or drinking something quickly, leading to the appearance of some symptoms such as a feeling of bloating, discomfort and abdominal distension.
Abdominal hernia is characterized by a bulging of an organ from the belly out of the body that usually does not cause symptoms, but can cause pain, swelling and redness at the site, especially when there is an incarceration or twisting of the organs.
A knot in the intestine, known as torsion, volvulus or volvulus, is a serious problem in which part of the intestine twists, causing its obstruction and preventing the passage of stool and blood flow to the site, which can cause the affected region to die.
Yellow eyes usually appear when there is an excessive accumulation of bilirubin in the blood, a yellow substance that is produced by the liver from the destruction of red blood cells, and which is stored in the gallbladder to be eliminated in the stool or urine.
Duodenal ulcer is a small wound that arises in the duodenum, which is the first part of the intestine, which connects directly to the stomach. Ulcers usually develop in people who have been infected with the bacteria H. pylori, which strips the stomach's lining of protection and causes inflammation of the duodenum wall.
In most cases, food poisoning is treated with rest and rehydration with water, teas, natural fruit juices, coconut water or isotonic drinks without the need to take any specific medicine. However, if the symptoms persist or worsen in 2 to 3 days, it is recommended to consult a doctor, as well as in the case of children, the elderly or pregnant women, as in this way it is possible to carry out a general assessment and indicate the most appropriate remedy.
Phenylketonuria is a rare genetic disease characterized by the presence of a mutation responsible for altering the function of an enzyme in the body responsible for converting the amino acid phenylalanine into tyrosine, which leads to the accumulation of phenylalanine in the blood, which in large concentrations is toxic to the body, which can cause intellectual disability and seizures, for example.
Viccula laziness is a popular expression that is usually used when a person has problems related to digestion, especially after eating foods with large amounts of fat, such as sausages, red meat or butter, for example. This usually happens due to some change in the functioning of the gallbladder, which fails to produce or release bile in sufficient quantity to digest the fats in food, generating symptoms such as a full stomach, excess gas, heartburn and even general malaise
Dumping syndrome is a condition that can occur after gastric surgery, such as gastric bypass or sleeve gastrectomy, which are surgical procedures indicated to favor weight loss in obese people, as they promote weight loss. capacity of the stomach and the alteration of the digestion process.
Gastrostomy is a surgery performed for the placement of a small flexible tube, known as a probe, through the skin of the belly directly into the stomach, to allow feeding and supply of nutrients in cases where the person cannot feed through the mouth.
Certolizumab pegol is an immunosuppressive substance that reduces the immune system response, more specifically a messenger protein that is responsible for inflammation. Thus, it is able to reduce inflammation and other symptoms of diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis or spondyloarthritis.
Papaver Somniferum Canforada tincture is a herbal medicine known as Paregoric Elixir, widely used for its antispasmodic and analgesic effect for abdominal cramps caused by excessive intestinal gas, for example. This remedy is made from the poppy, with the scientific name Papaver Somniferum L.
Erosive esophagitis is a situation in which there is formation of lesions in the esophagus due to chronic gastric reflux, which leads to the appearance of some symptoms such as pain when eating and ingesting liquids and the presence of blood in the vomit or in the feces.
The presence of blood in the stool is usually caused by an injury located anywhere in the digestive system, from the mouth to the anus. Blood can be present in very small amounts and not be visible or very apparent. Normally, bleeding that occurs before the intestine, that is, in the mouth, esophagus or stomach, gives rise to black and very bad-smelling stools, known as melena, which result from the digestion of blood in the stomach.
Gallbladder cancer is a type of malignant tumor that originates in the cells of the gallbladder, which is a small organ of the digestive system responsible for storing bile, a substance produced by the liver and which participates in the process of digestion of dietary fats.
Stomach hemorrhage, also known as gastric bleeding, is a type of upper gastrointestinal bleeding that is characterized by the loss of blood through the stomach. This usually happens due to an untreated ulcer, which ends up causing bleeding, but it can also happen in more severe cases of gastritis, for example.
Sessile polyp is a type of polyp that has a wider base than normal. Polyps are produced by the abnormal growth of tissue in the wall of an organ, such as the intestines, stomach or uterus, but they can also appear in the ear or throat, for example.
Intestinal polyps are changes that can appear in the intestine due to excessive proliferation of cells present in the mucosa in the large intestine, which in most cases does not lead to the appearance of signs or symptoms, but must be removed to avoid complications.
Viral gastroenteritis is the acute inflammation of the stomach and intestine caused by viruses such as rotavirus, norovirus, astrovirus and adenovirus, resulting in the appearance of some symptoms such as diarrhea, nausea, vomiting and abdominal pain that can last up to 7 days if not treated.
Esophagus cancer is a serious type of cancer, more common in people over 50 years old, which happens due to changes in the cells of the esophagus, which become malignant, resulting in the appearance of some signs and symptoms such as difficulty swallowing, the appearance of a lump in the upper part of the stomach and dark stools, which are more common in the later stages of the disease.
Barrett's esophagus is considered a complication of gastroesophageal reflux disease, as the frequent exposure of the esophageal mucosa to the stomach contents causes chronic inflammation and a change in the type of cell that makes up the tissue in this region, leading to to the appearance of a condition called intestinal metaplasia.
Herniorrhaphy is surgery for the treatment of a hernia to repair muscle weakness or fragility, which causes a part of an organ or body tissue to shift and pass through the weakened muscle, causing a bulge to appear under the skin. This surgery can be indicated for different types of hernias, such as inguinal, abdominal or umbilical hernia, for example, which allows the doctor to put the organ back in its correct position and repair the weak point in the muscle.
Digestive bleeding is a situation that involves the gastrointestinal system and is characterized by bleeding in the digestive system that can be caused by the presence of gastric or duodenal ulcers, diverticulosis, hemorrhoids or intestinal endometriosis, for example.
The colon is an organ that is part of the large intestine, made up of 4 parts, the ascending colon, the transverse colon, the descending colon and the sigmoid colon, which has the main function of absorbing water, electrolytes and nutrients that were not digested and absorbed by the small intestine and form solid stools.