The baby can choke when feeding, bottle-feeding, suckling, or even with their own saliva, which can make them cough, become short of breath or not be able to breathe, which leaves the bluish lips and paler face. In these cases, it is important to follow some guidelines to eliminate the cause of choking and, thus, the baby can breathe normally again.
First Aid 2023, March
Most of the time, the falls are not serious and in the place where the head was hit, there is usually only a slight swelling, known as a "bump", or bruise that usually goes away in 2 weeks, not being necessary go to the emergency room.
If the baby falls out of bed or crib, it is important that the person remains calm and comforts the baby while assessing the presence of signs that may indicate injuries, such as redness, bleeding or bruising, for example. Most of the time the fall is not serious, but it is always recommended to take the baby to the pediatrician or hospital for examinations and confirm that there is no internal damage.
To quickly heal a wound, in addition to being careful with the dressing, it is also important to eat he althy and avoid other harmful lifestyle habits, such as smoking, drinking alcohol or having a sedentary lifestyle. This is mainly because circulation is impaired and therefore there is not enough blood reaching the wound to allow adequate healing, delaying wound healing.
To quickly control tachycardia, better known as racing heart, it is advised to take a deep breath for 3 to 5 minutes, cough forcefully 5 times or put cold water compress on the face, as this helps control the heartbeat. Tachycardia happens when the heart rate, which is the heartbeat, is above 100 bpm, altering the blood flow and therefore it can be accompanied by tiredness, shortness of breath and malaise, however, in the In most cases, it does not mean any he alth problem
The wasp sting is usually very uncomfortable as it causes severe pain, swelling and intense redness at the sting site. However, these symptoms are especially related to the size of the stinger rather than the intensity of the venom. Although these insects may seem more venomous than a wasp, they are not and therefore cause milder symptoms, as the stinger does not stay at the sting site releasing more venom, as in the case of wasps.
Lead is a dark gray granulated substance that contains aldicarb and other insecticides. Chumbinho has no smell or taste and is therefore often used as a poison to kill rats. Although it can be purchased illegally, its use is prohibited in Brazil and other countries, because it is not safe as a rodenticide and has a high possibility of poisoning people.
The presence of a fishbone in the throat can be quite uncomfortable and cause a feeling of lump in the throat. In some cases, it is also possible to observe the presence of some symptoms such as blood in the saliva and difficulty in swallowing or breathing.
When an insect enters the ear it can cause a lot of discomfort, generating symptoms such as difficulty hearing, intense itching, pain or the feeling that something is moving. In these cases, avoid the urge to scratch your ear, as well as avoid removing what is inside it with your finger or a cotton swab, as this can make the insect more agitated, worsening symptoms.
Spider bites are relatively frequent accidents, but they can cause a lot of stress, especially when there is a suspicion that the spider may be venomous, such as the black widow spider or brown spider for example. Most of the time, the spider bite is only identified a few hours after it happens, and may not cause any discomfort or lead to mild symptoms, such as swelling or redness of the skin at the bite site, especially when the bite was caused by common, non-poisonous spi
Scorpion sting, most of the time, causes few symptoms, such as redness, swelling and pain at the sting site, however, some cases can be more serious, causing generalized symptoms, such as nausea, vomiting, pain of headache, muscle spasms and a drop in blood pressure, even with the risk of death.
In most burns, the most important step is to quickly cool the skin so that the deeper layers do not continue to burn and cause injury. In addition, ointments can be used, according to medical advice, to relieve pain and aid the healing process.
When the eardrum is perforated, it is normal for a person to feel pain and itching in the ear, in addition to having impaired hearing and even bleeding from the ear. Usually a small perforation heals on its own, but larger ones may require antibiotics, and when that is not enough, minor surgery may be required.
To increase body temperature in case of hypothermia, it is recommended: Take the person to a warm place and protected from the cold; Remove wet clothes if necessary; Put blankets over the person and keep the neck and head well covered;
In the case of external bleeding, it is important to avoid excessive blood flow and, for this, it is recommended that a tourniquet or tourniquet be performed and, when this is not possible, place a clean cloth over the lesion and apply pressure until medical assistance arrives at the scene.
The Heimlich maneuver is a first aid technique used in cases of asphyxiation emergencies, caused by a piece of food or any type of foreign body that gets stuck in the airways, preventing the person from breathing. In this maneuver, the hands are used to put pressure on the choking person's diaphragm, which causes a forced cough and causes the object to be expelled from the lungs.
To stop bleeding from the nose, compress the nostril with a tissue or apply ice, breathe through the mouth and keep the head in a neutral position or slightly tilted forward. However, if the bleeding is not resolved after 30 minutes, it may be necessary to go to the emergency room so that the doctor performs a procedure to control the outflow of blood, such as cauterization of the vein, for example.
Dislocation occurs when the bones that form a joint are displaced from their natural position, due to a strong blow, for example, causing intense pain at the site, swelling and difficulty moving the joint. When this happens it is recommended that:
Edema of the glottis, scientifically known as angioedema of the larynx, is a complication that can arise during a severe allergic reaction and is characterized by swelling in the throat region. This situation is considered a medical emergency, as the swelling affecting the throat can obstruct the flow of air to the lungs, preventing breathing.
When a person faints, observe if he is breathing and if he has a pulse and, if he is not breathing, he should ask for medical help, calling 192 immediately, and start cardiac massage. Here's how to do heart massage correctly. However, when someone faints but is breathing, first aid is:
To be able to help a diabetic, it is important to know if it is an episode of excess blood sugar (hyperglycemia) or low blood sugar (hypoglycemia), as both situations can happen. Hyperglycemia is more common in diabetics who do not take the proper treatment or do not follow a balanced diet, whereas hypoglycemia is more common in people who are undergoing treatment with insulin or who have not eaten for a long time, for example.
When someone with diabetes is injured it is very important to pay attention to the lesion, even if it seems very small or simple, as in the case of cuts, scrapes, blisters or calluses, as there is a greater risk of the wound not heal properly and a serious infection arises.
During drowning, respiratory function is impaired due to the entry of water through the nose and mouth. If there is no rescue quickly, water can accumulate in the lungs, which prevents the passage of oxygen, putting life at risk. Some measures can be taken to save a drowning person.
Cardiac massage is considered the most important link in basic life support, after seeking medical help, in an attempt to save a person who has suffered a cardiac arrest, as it allows to replace the work of the heart and continue pumping blood body, maintaining oxygenation of the brain.
The most important thing after a snakebite is to keep the bitten limb as still as possible, because the more you move, the more the venom can spread through the body and reach various vital organs. This also applies to any activity that can speed up the heartbeat, as increased blood circulation also spreads the poison.
Before dressing simple wounds, such as a small cut on the finger, it is important to wash your hands and, if possible, put on clean gloves to avoid contaminating the wound. In other more complicated types of wounds, such as burns or bedsores, other care must be taken and, in some of these cases, it may even be necessary to apply the dressing at the hospital or he alth center, to avoid complications such as infections and tissue death.
Knowing what to do in case of electric shock is very important because, in addition to helping to avoid consequences for the victim, such as severe burns or cardiac arrest, it also helps to protect the rescuer against the dangers of electricity.
Most of the time, the choking is light and, therefore, in these cases it is advised: Ask the person to cough 5 times hard; Hit 5 times in the middle of the back, keeping the hand open and in a quick movement from bottom to top. However, if this does not work, or if the choking is more severe, such as what happens when eating soft foods such as meat or bread, you should immediately start the Heimlich maneuver, which consists of:
Blows to the head usually do not need to be treated urgently, however, when the trauma is very severe, such as what happens in traffic accidents or falls from great heights, it is necessary to know what to do to reduce or avoid possible complications.
The first aid for fire victims is: Keep calm and call the fire department and an ambulance by calling 192 or 193; Wet a clean cloth and tie it to your face, like a mask, to prevent you from breathing smoke; If there is a lot of smoke, stay crouched close to the ground where the heat is lower and there is more oxygen, as shown in image 1;
Despite being used daily, detergent is a potentially dangerous product, especially if ingested, as detergent contains substances in its composition that are toxic and irritating to the body, such as phosphate, silicates, stain removers and foam modifiers, artificial colors and fragrances and alcohols.
Respiratory arrest corresponds to the interruption of gas exchange in the body for more than 5 minutes, that is, there is no distribution of oxygen to the organs of the body during this period, which can result in irreversible damage to vital organs, such as the heart and brain, for example.
Carbon monoxide is a type of toxic gas that has no smell or taste and therefore, when released into the environment, can cause serious poisoning without any warning, putting life at risk. This type of gas is normally produced by burning some type of fuel, such as gas, oil, wood or coal, and thus it is more common for carbon monoxide poisoning to occur in winter, when using heaters or fireplaces to try to warm the atmosphere inside the house.
When coming into direct contact with a poisonous plant, you should: Immediately wash the area with plenty of soap and water for 5 to 10 minutes; Wrap the area with a clean compress and seek medical help immediately. Furthermore, some recommendations that should be followed after contact with poisonous plants are to wash all clothes, including shoelaces, avoid scratching the area and do not put alcohol on the skin.
In the event of a traffic accident it is very important to know what to do and what first aid to provide, as this can save the victim's life. Traffic accidents such as overturning, being run over or head-on collision can happen due to poor road conditions or visibility, excessive speed, or change in the driver's perception, for example, due to the consumption of alcohol or other substances, such as drugs.
Eye wounds and bruises can be caused by fingers, fingernails or dust, for example, and not cause more than a little redness and discomfort in the eye. However, blows, burns and contact with chemicals such as cleaning products can also cause more serious injuries, leading to symptoms such as pain, tears and difficulty seeing beyond the redness.
The expressions "secondary drowning" or "dry drowning" are popularly used to describe situations in which a person ends up dying after, a few hours before, having experienced a near-drowning situation. However, these terms are not recognized by the medical community.
Mouth-to-mouth resuscitation is performed to provide oxygen when a person suffers a cardiac arrest, becomes unconscious and is not breathing. After calling for help and calling 911, mouth-to-mouth resuscitation should be performed along with chest compressions as soon as possible to increase the chances of a victim surviving.
First aid in sport is mainly related to muscle injuries, injuries and fractures. Knowing how to act in these situations and what to do so that the condition does not worsen, because in cases of fractures, for example, unnecessary movement can worsen the degree of injury to the bone.
The lateral safety position, or PLS, is an indispensable technique for many first aid cases, as it helps ensure that the victim is not at risk of suffocation if he vomits. This position should be used whenever the person is unconscious but still breathing, and does not present any life-threatening problems.