Reflexology to improve baby sleep is a simple way to soothe a fussy baby and help him fall asleep and should be done when the baby is relaxed, warm, clean and comfortable, such as at the end of the day after the bath, for example. To begin the reflexology massage, lay the baby down on a comfortable surface, in a quiet, noise-free environment with a temperature of around 21ºC.
Baby He alth 2023, March
It is normal that in the first months of life the baby takes a long time to sleep or does not sleep all night, as he may wake up every 2 or 3 hours to feed or because he feels uncomfortable and unprotected, which can be exhausting for parents, who are used to resting at night.
Jaundice in the baby, also known as neonatal jaundice or neonatal hyperbilirubinemia, occurs when there is an increase in the concentration of bilirubin in the baby's blood, resulting in more yellow skin, eyes and mucous membranes. Neonatal jaundice is considered normal during the first week of life due to the liver's inability to metabolize and eliminate bilirubin, as it is still underdeveloped.
It is normal for a baby to gulp (regurgitate) until around 7 months of age, as the baby's stomach is easily full, which causes a small amount of vomiting, also known as a 'gulp'. This is something that happens more easily in newborns or small babies, as they have a smaller stomach, which easily becomes full.
Most of the time, vomiting in a child is not a cause for great concern, especially if it is not accompanied by other symptoms. This is because vomiting usually happens due to transient situations, such as eating something spoiled or taking a car trip, which end up being resolved in a short time.
According to the Brazilian Society of Pediatrics, the first sign that it is the right time to remove the diaper is when the child starts to warn that he has pooped or peed in the diaper. So, from that moment on, parents should observe and write down the child's habits, especially the time of day when he usually needs to go to the toilet, so that it is possible to start training.
Shaked baby syndrome is a condition that can happen when the baby is rocked back and forth with force and the head is not supported, which can cause bleeding and lack of oxygen to the brain of the baby, because the neck muscles are very weak, not having the strength to support the head properly.
Potassium permanganate is an antiseptic remedy, with antibacterial and antifungal action, indicated for the treatment of dermatitis, eczema, rashes, or superficial wounds, as it helps to dry the skin, relieve itching and facilitate the healing of wounds, such as chickenpox, for example.
The baby's eye watering happens mainly due to conjunctivitis, however it can also happen due to flu, cold or obstruction of the tear duct, and is characterized by the presence of a yellow secretion, which can be liquid or dry, like some small pebbles inside the eye.
Consumption of foods rich in iron such as beets or spinach, use of ferrous sulfate or infant formula can make baby's stools darker. Although baby's first stools usually also look like this, they tend to take on a brown color after the first few days.
Some situations can be considered contraindications for the administration of vaccines, as they can greatly increase the risk of side effects, as well as cause more serious complications than the disease itself, against which one is trying to vaccinate.
Bronchiolitis is an acute inflammation of the narrowest airways in the lung, known as the bronchioles, that occurs most often in babies under 2 years old due to a virus infection. When these channels become inflamed, they increase the production of mucus that makes it difficult for air to pass, causing difficulty breathing and wheezing, difficulty sleeping, and rapid breathing.
Tongue-tie, also called ankyloglossia, is a condition in which the frenulum, which corresponds to the tissue below the tongue, is shorter and tighter than normal, making it difficult for the tongue to move. Although it does not have any serious implications for he alth, depending on the degree, tongue-tied can interfere with the baby's speech development and breastfeeding, and pediatrician evaluation is important.
The number of hours that a baby needs to sleep varies according to its age and growth, and when it is a newborn, it usually sleeps about 16 to 20 hours a day, while when he is 1 year old, he already sleeps about 10 hours a night and takes two naps during the day, 1 to 2 hours each.
Identifying the cause of the baby's crying is important so that actions can be taken to help the baby stop crying, such as offering a teether, in case the crying is due to teething, changing the diaper or wearing a warm coat. the baby when the cry is because of the cold.
Baby gets irritated and cries when hungry, sleepy, cold, hot or when the diaper is dirty, so the first step in calming a baby who is overly agitated is to meet his basic needs. However, babies also crave affection and that's why they also cry when they want to be held, 'talk' or company because they are afraid of the dark and because they don't understand the world around them.
Baby gulping is characterized by the release of a small amount of milk through the mouth after breastfeeding or taking the bottle, without having to make any effort. This condition is very common in newborn babies and lasts until about 6 or 7 months, but it can be uncomfortable for both the baby and the parents because the baby may cry afterwards.
The Neonatal ICU is a hospital environment prepared to receive babies who were born before 37 weeks of gestation, with low weight or who have a problem that may interfere with their development, such as cardiac or respiratory changes, for example.
Newborn or neonatal hyperbilirubinemia is a disease that appears in the first few days of the baby's life, being caused by the accumulation of bilirubin in the blood, leaving the skin yellow. Any child can develop hyperbilirubinemia, and the main causes are physiological changes in liver function, blood disorders such as hemolytic anemia, liver diseases, caused by infections or genetic diseases, or even by reactions in breastfeeding maternal.
The foot test, also known as neonatal screening, is a mandatory test performed on all newborns, usually from the 3rd day of life, and helps to diagnose some genetic and metabolic diseases, and, thus, if any alteration is identified, the treatment can be started immediately afterwards, avoiding complications and promoting the child's quality of life.
Babies often cry when they are cold or hot due to discomfort. Therefore, to know if the baby is cold or hot, you should feel the baby's body temperature under the clothes, in order to check if the skin is cold or warm. This care is even more important in newborn babies, as they are not able to regulate their body temperature, and they can get too cold or hot more quickly, which can cause hypothermia and dehydration.
The baby should be taken to the dentist after the appearance of the first baby tooth, which happens around 6 or 7 months of age. The baby's first visit to the dentist is then used for parents to receive guidance on feeding the baby, the most correct way to brush the baby's teeth, the ideal type of toothbrush and the toothpaste that should be used.
The amber necklace is a popular product for relieving colic, reducing the discomfort caused by teething and improving the immune system, since amber, when in contact with the baby's skin, could release succinic acid, which in turn would have anti-inflammatory and analgesic action.
Chamomile C is a remedy indicated to relieve inflammation in the gums and mouth caused by the birth of the first teeth, relieving the discomfort caused by the first teeth and possible gastrointestinal disorders, resulting from this phase, being indicated for babies between 4 months and 2 years old.
Omphalocele corresponds to a malformation of the abdominal wall in the baby, which is usually identified during pregnancy and is characterized by the presence of organs, such as the intestine, liver or spleen, outside the abdominal cavity and covered by a thin membrane.
Myelomeningocele is the most serious type of spina bifida, in which the baby's spinal bones do not develop properly during pregnancy, causing a pouch in the back that contains the spinal cord, nerves and cerebrospinal fluid to appear.. Usually, the appearance of the myelomeningocele pocket is more frequent in the lower back, but it can appear anywhere on the spine, causing the child to lose the sensitivity and function of the limbs below the site of the alteration.
Respiratory syncytial virus is a microorganism that causes respiratory tract infection, which can affect children and adults, however, babies younger than 6 months, premature, suffering from some chronic lung disease or congenital heart disease are more likely to acquire this infection.
Mental retardation, also known as intellectual disability, is a condition, generally irreversible, characterized by a lower than normal intellectual capacity, which can lead to difficulties in learning and social adaptation, which is usually present since birth or that manifests itself in the early years of childhood.
Cleft palate is a congenital malformation in which the roof of the mouth does not close properly, with an opening being noticed, which can interfere with the baby's feeding and speech, which can lead to complications such as malnutrition, anemia, aspiration pneumonia and, even frequent infections.
Transient tachypnea of the newborn is a situation in which the baby has difficulty breathing soon after birth, which can be perceived by a more bluish coloration of the skin or by the baby's faster breathing. It is important that this situation is identified and treated as soon as possible, so that complications are prevented.
Baby can go to the beach from 6 months as long as before 10 am and after 4 pm, since during this period the intensity of the sun's rays is weaker, reducing the risk of sunburn and dehydration of the baby. However, even if going to the beach is in the cooler hours of the day, it is important that sunscreen suitable for children be applied 30 minutes before sun exposure and reapplied every 2 hours, in addition to being important that the baby wears a hat or cap and a long-sle
To take care of the newborn at home, parents need to dedicate a lot of time to the baby, because he is very small and fragile and needs a lot of attention. Parents should therefore take some basic care to keep the newborn comfortable and ensure that it grows strong and he althy, such as:
Galactosemia is a rare alteration of metabolism in which the person is unable to metabolize galactose, a sugar derived from milk lactose, due to the absence, decreased activity or lower amount of enzymes responsible for the metabolism of this sugar, which causes galactose to accumulate in the blood, which can compromise the nervous system and cause changes in the kidneys, liver and eyes, for example.
Spina bifida is characterized by a set of congenital malformations that develop in the baby during the first 4 weeks of pregnancy, which are characterized by a failure in the development of the spine and an incomplete formation of the spinal cord and structures that protect it.
Congenital short femur is a bone malformation characterized by decreased size or absence of the femur, which is the thigh bone and the largest bone in the body. This change can happen as a result of the use of some medication during pregnancy or a viral infection, however the causes for this malformation are still not fully understood.
Breast candidiasis is a common infection during the breastfeeding period and is caused by the fungus Candida albicans, which can be found naturally on the skin without causing any symptoms. However, due to changes in immunity, there may be proliferation of this fungus, which can cause pain and redness in the nipple, the appearance of a wound that is difficult to heal and a feeling of hooking in the breast during and after breastfeeding.
Newborn babies up to 1 or 2 years old can sleep in the same room as their parents because it helps to increase the emotional bond with the baby, facilitates night feedings, reassures parents when they are worried about sleep or with the baby's breathing and, according to experts, it also reduces the risk of sudden death.
Purple spots on babies usually do not represent any he alth problem and are not the result of trauma, disappearing by the age of 2 years without the need for any treatment. These spots are called Mongolian spots and can be bluish, grayish or slightly greenish, oval and about 10 cm long, and can be found on the back or bottom of the newborn baby.
Acute respiratory distress syndrome, also known as hyaline membrane disease, respiratory distress syndrome or just ARDS, is a disease that arises due to the delay in the development of the premature baby's lungs, causing difficulty breathing, breathing rapid or wheezing when breathing, for example.
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, known as ADHD, is characterized by the presence of symptoms such as inattention, hyperactivity and/or impulsivity. This is a common childhood disorder, but it can persist in adults, especially when left untreated in children.