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In diabetes, even if there is no high cholesterol, the risk of having cardiovascular problems such as heart attack or stroke is greater, because blood vessels are more fragile and easily ruptured. Therefore, in addition to controlling blood sugar levels, cholesterol and triglycerides must also always be controlled.
For this, in the diabetes diet, avoiding very fatty foods such as sausages or fried foods is as important as reducing the intake of very sweet foods, even if the cholesterol levels are acceptable in the blood test.
See what the diet should be like in diabetes.
How high cholesterol harms diabetic he alth
High cholesterol causes an accumulation of fatty plaques on the walls of the veins, which makes it difficult for blood to pass through and impairs circulation. This, associated with a high level of blood sugar, which is natural in diabetes, can lead to very serious complications, such as a heart attack or stroke, for example.
In addition, poor circulation can cause itching, especially in the legs, causing wounds that do not heal easily and that can become infected due to excess blood sugar, which facilitates the development of bacteria.
Why more cardiovascular diseases arise in diabetics
Insulin resistance, which occurs naturally in cases of diabetes, leads to an increase in triglycerides and cholesterol, so even if you don't have high cholesterol, triglycerides increase the risk of cardiovascular diseases.
So, some of the most common cardiovascular diseases in diabetics are:
|Disease||What is it:|
|Hypertension||Constant increase in blood pressure, above 140 x 90 mmHg.|
|Deep vein thrombosis||Appearance of clots in the veins of the legs, facilitating the accumulation of blood.|
|Dyslipidemia||Increase in "bad" cholesterol and decrease in "good" cholesterol.|
|Poor circulation||Decreased return of blood to the heart, which causes tingling in the hands and feet.|
|Atherosclerosis||Formation of fatty plaques on the walls of blood vessels.|