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General Practice 2023

Food hygiene: what é and how it should be done

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Food hygiene: what é and how it should be done
Food hygiene: what é and how it should be done

Food hygiene concerns care related to the handling, preparation and storage of food in order to reduce the risk of contamination and occurrence of diseases, such as food poisoning, for example.

Thus, it is important to wash your hands well before handling food, tie your hair and avoid wearing rings and watches, for example, when preparing them, as this will avoid contamination of food and people.

How to avoid contamination

Food hygiene takes into account the expiration date of the food, storage conditions, consumption time and food handling methods. In this way, it is possible to avoid any contamination and preserve the well-being of people. For this it is recommended:

  • Wash your hands well with soap and water before preparing food;
  • Avoid using wooden utensils when preparing food, as this type of material favors the proliferation of microorganisms;
  • When preparing food, tie your hair and not wear rings, bracelets, earrings and watches, for example;
  • Pay attention to personal hygiene, shaving regularly and keeping nails short and clean;
  • Avoid wearing makeup when preparing food;
  • Keep the sink and kitchen clean, preventing the proliferation of fungi and bacteria;
  • Wash fruits and vegetables well before storing them and before being consumed. Learn how to disinfect food;
  • Store food at the correct temperature to prevent the proliferation of microorganisms. See how the refrigerator should be organized to avoid contamination.

It is also recommended to avoid consuming street foods, as most of the time the hygiene conditions are not adequate, which can favor the occurrence of diseases, especially food poisoning. In the case of street food, consumption is only recommended when the origin of the food is known.

It is also important to wash the eggshells before breaking them, to avoid possible contamination with the bacteria Salmonella sp., and to avoid letting the meat thaw out of the fridge.

What can happen when there is no food hygiene?

If hygiene care is not implemented on a day-to-day basis, the risk of contamination and diseases is very high, which can cause food poisoning, for example, which can be perceived by malaise, nausea, vomiting, stomachache, fever, loss of appetite and cramps, for example. Know how to recognize the symptoms of food poisoning.

In the absence of food hygiene, the risk of infection by viruses, bacteria and parasites is very high and can interfere with the person's quality of life.

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