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Pregnancy 2023

Vitamin D in pregnancy

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Vitamin D in pregnancy
Vitamin D in pregnancy

Vitamin D supplementation during pregnancy is only recommended when it is confirmed that the pregnant woman has very low levels of vitamin D, below 30ng/ml, through a specific blood test called 25(OH)D.

When a pregnant woman is deficient in vitamin D it is important to take supplements such as DePura or D fort because this reduces the risk of pre-eclampsia during pregnancy and can make the baby's muscles stronger.

Risks of vitamin D deficiency in pregnancy

Vitamin D deficiency during pregnancy can lead to problems such as gestational diabetes, preeclampsia and premature birth, requiring the use of vitamin D supplements in case of deficiency.Vitamin D can be found in foods such as fish and egg yolks, but its main source is production in the skin that is exposed to the sun's rays.

Diseases such as obesity and lupus increase the risk of vitamin D deficiency, and therefore greater care should be taken in these cases. Thus, the lack of vitamin D during pregnancy brings the following risks for the mother and the baby:

Risks for the mother Risks for the baby
Gestational diabetes Premature birth
Preeclampsia Increased amount of fat
Vaginal infections Low birth weight
Cesarean deliveries --

It is also important to note that obese women pass a lower amount of vitamin D to the fetus, which increases the risk of problems for the baby. See what are the Signs that may indicate a lack of vitamin D.

Daily Vitamin D Recommendation

The daily recommendation of vitamin D for pregnant women is 600 IU or 15 mcg/day. In general, this recommendation cannot be achieved only by eating foods rich in vitamin D, so pregnant women need to take the supplement prescribed by their doctor and sunbathe for at least 15 minutes a day. However, women with dark or black skin need about 45 min to 1 hour of sunlight a day to have good vitamin D production.

Usually the recommended dose for pregnant women is 400 IU/day, in the form of capsules or drops.

Who may be vitamin D deficient

All women can be deficient in vitamin D, but those most at risk are those who are black, who are not exposed to the sun and who are vegetarians. In addition, some diseases favor the appearance of vitamin D deficiency, such as:

  • Obesity;
  • Lupus;
  • Use of medications such as corticosteroids, anticonvulsants and HIV treatment;
  • Hyperparathyroidism;
  • Hepatic failure.

In addition to these diseases, not sunbathing daily, wearing clothes that cover the entire body and constantly using sunscreen are also factors that favor vitamin D deficiency.

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