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General Practice 2023

Surgical trichotomy: what é, as é made and what is it for

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Surgical trichotomy: what é, as é made and what is it for
Surgical trichotomy: what é, as é made and what is it for

Shaving is a pre-surgical procedure that aims to remove hair from the area where the surgery will be performed in order to make the region more visible to the doctor and reduce the risk of postoperative infection, since some microorganisms may be adhered to the hair.

This procedure is simple and must be done up to 2 hours before surgery by a trained professional, usually a nurse.

It is recommended that the largest hairs be trimmed and, if total removal is necessary, that it be done using an electric shaver, the use of razors or blades is not recommended, as they can damage the skin and increase the risk of infection.

What is it for

Shaving is performed before any surgical procedure that will be performed in an area with hair and aims to reduce the chances of postoperative infection, since microorganisms can also be found adhered to the hair. In addition, it makes the region more visible for the doctor to perform the surgical cut.

How it's made

Shaving is performed approximately 2 hours before the surgical procedure by the nursing professional, and it is recommended that hairs present at the surgical procedure site are trimmed. However, in some cases, complete hair removal may be recommended, which should be done using an electric shaver, also known as an electric shaver.

It is important that the professional responsible for performing the shaving use sterile gloves, cut the largest hairs with scissors and, if necessary, remove the rest of the hair in the opposite direction to its growth.After removing the hair, the professional must perform the degermation of the site in order to remove the microorganisms present in the skin.

It is also essential that the equipment used to remove hair is disinfected after use, as this is how it is possible to prevent the transmission of microorganisms that may be present in the hair removed to other patients.

The use of a blade or razor to remove hair is not recommended, as it can cause small skin lesions, which can increase the risk of infection. In addition, shaving should only be performed in the region where the surgery will be cut, and it is not necessary to remove hair from more distant regions.

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