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General Practice 2023

Abdominal discomfort: main causes and what to do

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Abdominal discomfort: main causes and what to do
Abdominal discomfort: main causes and what to do

Abdominal discomfort can be caused by an inadequate diet, which causes the accumulation of gases in the intestine and can even cause constipation.

When abdominal discomfort is caused by a sharp pain, which does not go away, and the belly is swollen in total, or located in a small region, it can be accumulated gas. Other possibilities include poor digestion, constipation, as well as pain during ovulation or even a symptom of pregnancy.

The following are some possible causes of abdominal discomfort:

1. Excessive gases

In the case of gas, discomfort arises after a meal, especially if foods rich in fiber have been mixed with fatty foods.

What to do: walk, drink plenty of water, and choose to eat cooked vegetables, fresh fruits, and whole grains, which are great tips for anyone suffering from abdominal discomfort caused by the gases. If, after defecating and passing some gas, the abdominal discomfort does not disappear completely, it is best to seek medical attention, as this discomfort may be a symptom of another disease or more serious gastrointestinal disorder.

2. Bad digestion

If the discomfort affects the upper region of the abdomen, it is possible that it is poor digestion, which causes a feeling of a full stomach, or a full stomach, in addition to belching, heartburn and feeling that you have just eaten, when the last meal it was over 2 hours ago. See other symptoms that help identify a case of poor digestion.

What to do: in addition to a change in diet, you can use medication, such as fruit s alt and milk of magnesia, or ingesting teas, such as boldo and fennel.The persistence of maldigestion for long periods should be investigated by a gastroenterologist and thus assess whether there is any other disease of the gastrointestinal tract associated with the discomfort.

3. Ovulation pain

Some women may experience pain or discomfort in the pelvic region during ovulation. So, one month she may have pain on the left side, and the next month she may have pain on the right side, depending on which ovary is ovulating. Although this is not always related to a disease, the presence of a large-volume ovarian cyst can be the cause of the greatest discomfort.

What to do: Placing a warm compress on the painful area can relieve discomfort in a short time. If you have cramps, take a cramp medication, which can be an antispasmodic or an anti-inflammatory, is a more effective way to feel better.

4. Pregnancy

Feeling some discomfort in the uterine region can happen at the beginning of pregnancy in some more sensitive women.

What to do: to confirm pregnancy, you must take a pregnancy test that you buy at the pharmacy or a blood test. It should be suspected if you are of childbearing age and have had unprotected sex during your fertile period and there is a delay in menstruation. Know how to calculate when your fertile period is.

5. Constipation

Not having a bowel movement for more than 3 days can cause discomfort in the abdominal region, but this symptom may appear earlier in people who have the habit of evacuating daily or more than once a day.

What to do: The ideal is to drink more water and ingest a greater amount of fiber to increase the stool. Foods like papaya, figs, dried black plums, orange with pomace and unsweetened plain yogurt are natural laxatives. In addition, sunflower seeds can be added to salads or a cup of yogurt to naturally loosen the bowels. When this is not enough, you can take a laxative such as lacto-purge or dulcolax, for example.

When to go to the doctor

A medical appointment is recommended, going to the he alth center or hospital, if you present yourself:

  • Abdominal pain that gets worse every day;
  • If the pain is always present even at night;
  • If you have vomit, urine or bloody stools;
  • If the discomfort is present for more than 1 month, with no apparent cause.

In this case, the doctor may observe the appearance and palpation of the abdomen and request tests such as colonoscopy, if he suspects gastrointestinal alterations, if he suspects alterations in the stomach, he may request an upper digestive endoscopy or if there is a suspicion of alteration in the functioning of some organ may request an ultrasound, for example.

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