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Dentistry 2023

Dentures: when to put them, main types and cleaning

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Dentures: when to put them, main types and cleaning
Dentures: when to put them, main types and cleaning

The use of dentures is generally recommended when there are not enough teeth in the mouth to allow eating or talking without problem, but they can also be used just for the sake of aesthetics, especially when a tooth is missing in the front or when the lack of some teeth makes the face look more saggy.

Although it is more common for dentures to be used by the elderly, due to the natural loss of teeth, it can also be indicated for young people, when there is a lack of teeth for other causes, such as accidents, syndromes or just the lack of permanent teeth, for example.

Main types of dentures

There are two main types of dentures:

  • Total dentures: completely replace all teeth in an arch, and therefore more common in the elderly;
  • Partial dentures: compensate for the loss of some teeth and are usually fixed with the help of the surrounding teeth.

Normally, all dentures are removable to allow correct hygiene of the gums and allow the mouth to rest, however, when only a tooth or two is missing, the dentist may advise the use of an implant, in which an artificial tooth is fixed in the gum, and it is not possible to remove it at home. Learn more about the implant and when it is used.

How to remove dentures at home

The dentures can be removed at home for proper hygiene, but also to allow the gums to rest. To remove the denture:

  1. Running your mouth with warm water or mouthwash to remove the glue from your dentures;
  2. Press the denture from the inside of the teeth, pushing it out of the mouth;
  3. Gently shake the denture until it is completely released, if necessary.

During the first times of use, a good tip is to fill the bathroom sink with water so that, in case the denture accidentally falls out, there is a lower risk of breaking.

How to clean your dentures

After removing your dentures, it is very important to clean them to prevent the accumulation of dirt and the development of bacteria that, in addition to causing bad breath, can also result in problems such as gingivitis or cavities.

To do this cleaning the denture is advised:

  1. Fill a glass with water and a cleansing elixir, like the one from Corega or Polident;
  2. Brush the denture, using water and toothpaste, to remove dirt and glue residue;
  3. Immerse the denture in the glass of water and elixir overnight.

It is also very important not to forget to clean the gums, rinsing with a little mouthwash diluted in water or wiping with a clean wet cloth. The toothbrush should only be used when there are still teeth, as it can damage the gums, which increases the risk of infections in the mouth.

In the morning, simply remove the dentures from the cup, apply a little water, dry, apply a little denture glue and put them back in your mouth.

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