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General Practice 2023

Adolescent pregnancy: main risks and how to avoid

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Adolescent pregnancy: main risks and how to avoid
Adolescent pregnancy: main risks and how to avoid

Adolescent pregnancy represents a risk for both the mother and the baby, since the adolescent is not completely prepared physically and psychologically for a pregnancy. Thus, all pregnancies in girls between the ages of 10 and 18 are considered at risk, as there is a greater chance of the baby being born with low weight, premature or the woman suffering a miscarriage.

It is important that the family, the school and the gynecologist guide the girl as soon as she begins to have an active sex life, so that it is possible to avoid unwanted pregnancies and sexually transmitted diseases.

Risks of teenage pregnancy

Adolescent pregnancy is always considered a risky pregnancy, as the teenager is not always physically prepared for pregnancy, which can pose a risk to both the girl and the baby. The main risks of teenage pregnancy are:

  • Preeclampsia and eclampsia;
  • Premature birth;
  • Baby underweight or malnourished;
  • Complications in childbirth, which can lead to a cesarean;
  • Urinary or vaginal infection;
  • Spontaneous abortion;
  • Changes in baby's development;
  • Fetal malformation;
  • Anemia.

In addition, teenage pregnancy increases the risk of death for the pregnant woman, in addition to the risk of postpartum depression and rejection of the baby.

In addition to age, a teenager's weight can also be a risk, as a teenager who weighs less than 45 kilos is more likely to have a small-for-gestational-age baby.

Obesity also poses a risk as it increases the risk of diabetes and high blood pressure during pregnancy. If the teenager's height is less than 1.60 cm, there is a higher probability of having a small hip, which increases the chances of preterm labor and giving birth to a very small baby due to intrauterine growth retardation.Learn about the consequences of teenage pregnancy.

How to avoid teenage pregnancy

To prevent unwanted pregnancy, it is important that adolescents use condoms in all intimate contact, preventing not only pregnancy but also the transmission of sexually transmitted diseases.

In the case of girls, it is important to go to the gynecologist when their sexual life begins to be active, so that the doctor can indicate the best contraceptive method, in addition to condoms, to be used. Know the main contraceptive methods.

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