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Elbow tendinitis is an inflammation that occurs in the elbow tendons, which causes pain when performing arm movements and hypersensitivity to touches in the elbow region. This injury is usually caused by strains or repetitive, forced movements of the elbow, during excessive flexion or extension while playing sports.
Overuse of elbow muscles, tendons and ligaments causes microscopic tears and local inflammation. When the affected site is one of the lateral ends of the elbow, the injury is called epicondylitis, and when the pain is located more in the middle of the elbow, it is called tendinitis of the elbow, although the only difference is the affected site.
The main symptoms of tendonitis in the elbow are:
- Pain in the elbow region;
- Difficulties to perform movements with the affected arm;
- Hypersensitivity to touch;
- There may be a tingling and burning sensation.
The diagnosis of this tendonitis can be made by the orthopedist or the physical therapist through specific tests performed in the office, but to make sure that the tendon is injured, complementary exams can be performed, such as radiography or magnetic resonance imaging..
How the treatment is done
Treatment is usually done through a combination of medication and physical therapy. The drugs used are anti-inflammatory and muscle relaxants, which control inflammation and alleviate symptoms.
Daily ice packs are important allies in this treatment and can be a good option to relieve pain, and should be used for 20 minutes, 3 to 4 times a day. In some cases, immobilization of the elbow may be necessary for the tendon to heal.
During the treatment, it is necessary to reduce the rhythm of physical activities and, to strengthen the muscles and ligaments, some physiotherapy sessions are recommended. See more details about tendinitis treatment.