Pain below the belly button can arise due to several situations, being common in women during the menstrual period due to cramps. However, it can also be a sign of urinary system infection, pelvic inflammatory disease or constipation.
In addition, pain below the belly button can also happen due to irritable bowel syndrome or appendicitis, especially when it is acute, constant and happens on the right side, in which case it is very important that the person goes to the hospital immediately for that the most appropriate treatment is started and complications are prevented.
Thus, in the presence of pain below the navel, it is recommended that the general practitioner, gastroenterologist or gynecologist, in the case of women, be consulted so that a clinical evaluation is carried out and it is possible to identify the cause of the pain, being the most appropriate treatment is then initiated, which may involve the use of antibiotics and/or pain medication.
1. Urinary system infection
Infection of the urinary system, especially in the bladder, can also result in pain below the navel, in addition to a feeling of heaviness in the bottom of the belly, burning sensation when urinating, fever and, in some cases, presence of blood in the urine.
What to do: It is important that the person consults the doctor so that the most appropriate treatment is indicated, which usually involves the use of antibiotics. See how the treatment for urinary infection is.
2. Menstrual cramps
Menstrual cramps correspond to the main cause of pain below the navel in women and usually appear in the form of twinges, the intensity of which may vary between women. In addition to causing pain below the belly button, colic can lead to lower back pain and a feeling of discomfort.
What to do: To relieve pain below the belly button caused by colic, a woman may choose to use anti-inflammatory or pain relievers such as Paracetamol or Ibuprofen, which help to ease the pain.In addition, you can place a compress with warm water on the site of pain, as it also helps to relieve pain and discomfort.
However, when the pain is very intense and the woman has fever, severe headache and nausea, in addition to pain below the navel, for example, it is important to go to the gynecologist for tests to be carried out and to be indicated the best treatment.
3. Irritable Bowel Syndrome
Irritable bowel syndrome can also cause pain below the belly button, however it is also common for the person to feel discomfort in the abdominal region as a whole. In addition to pain, it is common to have abdominal swelling, increased gas production, alternating periods of diarrhea and constipation.
What to do: It is important that the person goes to the gastroenterologist for an evaluation and the most indicated treatment, which usually involves the use of medicines that help to relieve symptoms, in addition to indicating changes in eating habits.See what treatment for irritable bowel syndrome should look like.
4. Ovarian cysts
The presence of ovarian cysts can also be one of the causes of pain below the navel in women, which can be on both sides or just on one side. According to the size and type of the ovarian cyst, the pain can be more or less intense, in addition to the appearance of other signs and symptoms, such as delay in menstruation, excessive tiredness and pain during sexual intercourse, for example. See how to identify the presence of ovarian cysts.
What to do: In this case, the gynecologist recommends treatment according to the characteristics of the cysts. surgery to remove the cyst or ovary, which can happen in the most severe cases.
Furthermore, food can help alleviate the symptoms of multiple ovarian cysts, promoting a woman's well-being. Check out, in the following video, some feeding tips for polycystic ovary syndrome:
5. Pelvic Inflammatory Disease
Pelvic inflammatory disease, or PID, is a condition that occurs in women and is usually related to untreated genital infections, allowing the microorganism to remain in place and proliferate, resulting in inflammation of the pelvic region and leading to the appearance of of symptoms.
One of the symptoms of PID is pain below the navel, in addition to fever, pain during intercourse and when urinating, and vaginal discharge. Learn more about DIP.
What to do: It is recommended that the woman goes to the gynecologist for tests to be carried out in order to confirm the PID and identify the responsible microorganism. Thus, according to the infectious agent, the doctor may recommend the use of antibiotics, which can be taken orally or administered intramuscularly.
Pain below the belly button related to constipation is usually accompanied by abdominal discomfort and bloating, mainly related to excess gas.
What to do: In these cases it is important to change eating habits, giving preference to the consumption of foods rich in fiber and the consumption of larger amounts during the day. In this way, it is possible to improve intestinal transit and prevent the onset of pain below the navel.
Appendicitis is also a condition that can cause pain below the belly button, usually on the right side. This pain is sharp and severe and usually appears along with other signs and symptoms that indicate inflammation in the appendix, such as lack of appetite, nausea and fever, for example. Know how to identify the symptoms of appendicitis.
What to do: It is important that the person goes to the hospital immediately as soon as signs and symptoms of appendicitis appear, as it is necessary to remove the appendix by means of surgery to avoid complications such as organ rupture and generalized infection.