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Stem cells can be used in the treatment of various diseases, as they have the ability to self-renew and differentiate, that is, they can give rise to different cells with different functions and which constitute the different tissues of the body.
Thus, stem cells can favor the cure of various diseases, such as oncological and medullary diseases, blood disorders, immunodeficiencies, alterations in metabolism and degenerative diseases, for example. Understand what stem cells are.
How the treatment is done
Treatment with stem cells should be done in a hospital or clinic specialized in this type of procedure and is done with the application of stem cells directly into the blood of the person being treated, resulting in stimulation of the immune system and cell formation specialized.
The stem cell used is normally collected after birth, being frozen in a laboratory specialized in histocompatibility and cryopreservation or in a public bank through the BrasilCord Network, where the stem cells are donated to society.
Diseases that can be treated with stem cells
Stem cells can be used in the treatment of various diseases, from the most common, such as obesity and osteoporosis, to the most serious, such as cancer for example. Thus, the main diseases that can be treated with stem cells are:
- Metabolic diseases, such as obesity, diabetes, liver disease, metachromatic leukodystrophy, Günther syndrome, adrenoleukodystrophy, Krabbe disease and Niemann Pick syndrome, for example;
- Immunodeficiencies, such as hypogammaglobulinemia, rheumatoid arthritis, chronic granulomatous disease, and X-linked lymphoproliferative syndrome;
- Hemoglobinopathies, which are hemoglobin-related diseases such as thalassemia and sickle cell anemia;
- Deficiencies related to the bone marrow, which is where stem cells are produced, such as aplastic anemia, Fanconi disease, sideroblastic anemia, Evans syndrome, paroxysmal hemoglobinuria nocturnal, juvenile dermatomyositis, juvenile xanthogranuloma and Glanzmann's disease, for example;
- Oncological diseases such as acute lymphoblastic leukemia, chronic myeloid leukemia, Hodgkin's disease, myelofibrosis, acute myeloid leukemia and solid tumors, for example.
In addition to these diseases, stem cell treatment can also be beneficial in case of osteoporosis, heart disease, Alzheimer's, Parkinson's, thymus dysplasia, head trauma and cerebral anoxia, for example.
Due to the advancement of scientific research, stem cell treatment has been tested in several other diseases, and can be made available to the population if the results are positive.