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General Practice 2023

Cervical Spondyloarthrosis: Symptoms, Treatment and Physiotherapy

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Cervical Spondyloarthrosis: Symptoms, Treatment and Physiotherapy
Cervical Spondyloarthrosis: Symptoms, Treatment and Physiotherapy

Cervical spondyloarthrosis is a type of osteoarthritis that affects the joints of the spine in the neck region, leading to symptoms such as neck pain that radiates to the arm, frequent dizziness or tinnitus.

This spinal problem must be diagnosed by an orthopedist and treatment is usually done with physical therapy and the use of anti-inflammatory drugs, which can be ingested in pill form or administered directly into the spine through an injection.

Main symptoms

The most common symptoms of cervical spondyloarthrosis include:

  • Constant pain in the neck that can radiate to 1 or 2 arms;
  • Difficulty moving the neck;
  • Tingling sensation in neck, shoulders and arms;
  • Dizziness when turning head quickly;
  • Feeling of "sand" inside the spine in the neck region;
  • Frequent ringing in the ear.

Some of these symptoms can also be a sign of other problems in the spine, such as cervical hernia, for example, and that's why you should always consult an orthopedist to confirm the diagnosis and start the most appropriate treatment. Check out the most common symptoms of a herniated disc.

How to confirm the diagnosis

Cervical spondyloarthrosis is usually diagnosed by the orthopedist through physical examination and various tests such as X-ray, magnetic resonance imaging, echo-doppler or computed tomography, for example.

How is the treatment

The treatment of cervical spondyloarthrosis is usually done with painkillers and anti-inflammatory drugs, such as Diclofenac, for approximately 10 days and physiotherapy sessions to relieve joint inflammation.

However, if the discomfort does not improve, the doctor may recommend an anti-inflammatory injection in the affected joint and, in more severe cases, surgery. See also some natural ways to relieve neck pain.

Physiotherapy for Spondyloarthrosis

Physiotherapy sessions for cervical spondyloarthrosis should be performed about 5 times a week, lasting approximately 45 minutes. The physical therapist should assess the patient's needs and draw up a therapeutic plan with short and medium-term goals.

Physiotherapeutic treatment for this type of cervical injury may include the use of devices such as ultrasound, TENS, microcurrents and laser, for example. In addition, the patient can benefit from the use of warm water bags that must be used several times a day for approximately 20 minutes each time.

Even if surgery is necessary, it is important to have postoperative physiotherapy sessions to ensure good neck mobility and avoid inadequate postures.

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