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General Practice 2023

Pulmonary anthracosis: symptoms and how é done the treatment

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Pulmonary anthracosis: symptoms and how é done the treatment
Pulmonary anthracosis: symptoms and how é done the treatment
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Pulmonary anthracosis is a type of pneumoconiosis characterized by lesions in the lung caused by the constant inhalation of small particles of coal or dust that end up lodged along the respiratory system, mainly in the lungs. Learn what pneumoconiosis is and how to avoid it.

Usually people with pulmonary anthracosis have no signs or symptoms, going unnoticed most of the time. However, when exposure becomes excessive, pulmonary fibrosis may develop, which can result in respiratory failure. Understand what pulmonary fibrosis is and how to treat it.

Symptoms of Pulmonary Anthracosis

Despite not having any characteristic symptoms, anthracosis can be suspected when the person has direct contact with dust, has a dry and persistent cough, in addition to breathing difficulties. Some habits can also influence the worsening of the person's clinical condition, such as smoking

The people most likely to develop complications from pulmonary anthracosis are residents of large cities, which usually have very polluted air, and coal miners. In the case of miners, to avoid the development of anthracosis, it is recommended to use protective masks, which must be provided by the company, to avoid lung injuries, in addition to washing hands, arms and face before leaving the work environment.

How the treatment is done

No specific treatment is necessary for pulmonary anthracosis, being recommended only the person's removal from the activity and from places that have coal dust.

The diagnosis of anthracosis is made through laboratory tests, such as the histopathological examination of the lung, in which a small fragment of lung tissue is visualized, and the accumulation of charcoal is observed, in addition to imaging tests, such as chest tomography and radiography.

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