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Infectious Diseases 2023

5 steps to protect yourself from the KPC superbugéria

5 steps to protect yourself from the KPC superbugéria
5 steps to protect yourself from the KPC superbugéria
Anonim

To avoid contamination of the super bacterium Klebsiella pneumoniae carbapenemase, popularly known as KPC, which is a bacterium resistant to most of the existing antibiotics, it is essential to wash your hands well and avoid using antibiotics that were not prescribed by the doctor, a since the indiscriminate use of antibiotics can make bacteria stronger and more resistant.

Transmission of the KPC superbug occurs mainly in a hospital environment and can be through contact with secretions of infected patients or through the hands, for example. Children, the elderly and people with compromised immune systems are more likely to have an infection with this bacteria, as well as patients who stay in the hospital for a long time, have catheters or make prolonged use of antibiotics.Learn how to identify the KPC infection.

To protect yourself from the KPC superbug it is important:

1. Wash your hands well

The main way to prevent contamination is to wash your hands with soap and water for 40 seconds to 1 minute, rubbing your hands together and washing well between your fingers. Then dry them with a disposable towel and disinfect them with alcohol gel.

As the superbug is very resistant, in addition to washing your hands after going to the bathroom and before meals, your hands should be washed:

  • After sneezing, coughing or touching your nose;
  • Go to the hospital;
  • Touch someone hospitalized for being infected by the bacteria;
  • If you touch objects or surfaces where the contaminated patient has been;
  • Use public transport or go to the mall and have touched handrails, buttons or doors, for example.

If it is not possible to wash your hands, which can happen in public transport, they should be disinfected with alcohol as soon as possible to prevent the transmission of the microorganism.

Learn the steps to properly wash your hands in the following video:

2. Only use antibiotics as directed by the doctor

Another way to avoid superbugs is to use antibacterial drugs only on the advice of the doctor and never by your own decision, as the excessive use of antibiotics makes the bacteria stronger and stronger and, in serious situations, they may not have any effect.

3. Do not share personal objects

To prevent infection, personal objects such as toothbrushes, cutlery, glasses or water bottles should not be shared, as the bacteria is also transmitted through contact with secretions, such as saliva.

4. Avoid going to the hospital

To avoid contamination, you should only go to the hospital, emergency room or pharmacy, if there is no other solution, but keeping all safety measures to avoid transmission, such as washing your hands and wearing gloves, for example.Before going to the hospital, a good solution is to call Dique Sa├║de, 136, for information on what to do.

The hospital and emergency room, for example, are places where there is a greater chance of KPC bacteria being present, as they are frequented by patients who are carriers of the same and may be infected.

If you are a he alth professional or family member of a patient who is infected by the bacteria, you should put on a mask, put on gloves and wear an apron, in addition to wearing long sleeves, as this is the only way to prevent the bacteria.

5. Avoid public places

To reduce the risk of transmission of the bacteria, avoid public places, such as public transport and shopping malls, as they are frequented by many people and there is a greater chance of someone being infected.

In addition, you should not directly touch public surfaces with your hand, such as handrails, counters, elevator buttons or door handles and, if you have to, you should immediately wash your hands with soap and water or disinfect hands with alcohol gel.

Generally, the bacterium affects people with poor he alth, such as those who have had surgery, people with probes and catheters, patients with chronic diseases, organ transplants or cancer, who are those who have the weakest immune system and that the risk of death is higher, however, any individual can be infected.

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