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Dentistry 2023

White stain on the tooth: what it can be (and what to do)

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White stain on the tooth: what it can be (and what to do)
White stain on the tooth: what it can be (and what to do)

White spots on the tooth can be indicative of caries, excess fluoride or alteration in the formation of tooth enamel. Stains can appear on both baby teeth and permanent teeth and can be avoided through regular visits to the dentist, flossing and brushing correctly, at least twice a day.

The 3 main causes of white spot on teeth are:

1. Caries

The white spot caused by caries corresponds to the first sign of enamel wear and normally appears in places where there is accumulation of food, such as close to the gum and between the teeth, which favors the proliferation of bacteria and formation of plates.Learn more about the symptoms, causes and treatment of tooth decay.

Caries is usually related to the lack of adequate oral hygiene, associated with an excessive consumption of sweet foods, which favors bacterial growth and the appearance of plaques. Therefore, it is important to brush your teeth well, preferably with fluoride toothpaste, and to floss at least twice a day, especially before bed.

2. Fluorosis

The which leads to the appearance of white spots on the teeth.

White spots caused by excess fluoride can be removed by whitening or placing dental veneers, also known as dental contact lenses, according to the dentist's recommendation.Know what they are for and when to put contact lenses on your teeth.

Fluoride is an important chemical element to prevent teeth from losing their minerals, and to prevent wear caused by bacteria and substances present in saliva and food. Fluoride is usually applied in the dental office from the age of 3, but it can also be present in toothpastes, with a small amount being used on a daily basis. See the benefits and risks of applying fluoride.

3. Enamel hypoplasia

Enamel hypoplasia is a condition characterized by a deficiency in the formation of tooth enamel, leading to the appearance of small lines, missing part of the tooth, changes in color or appearance of stains depending on the degree of hypoplasia.

People with enamel hypoplasia are more likely to have cavities and suffer from sensitivity, so it's important to go to the dentist regularly and maintain good oral hygiene.Normally, the stains caused by hypoplasia are easily treated by means of tooth whitening or the use of remineralizing toothpastes. However, if in addition to the stains there is a lack of parts of teeth, dental implants may be indicated by the dentist. Learn more about what is tooth enamel hypoplasia, causes and treatment.

What to do

To prevent the appearance of white spots on the tooth, it is recommended to go to the dentist periodically for a routine cleaning, in which plaque, tartar and some stains are removed. The dentist may also indicate the performance of microabrasion, which corresponds to a surface wear of the tooth, or tooth whitening. See 4 treatment options to whiten your teeth.

In addition, a change in diet may be indicated by the dentist, avoiding acidic foods and drinks so that no further damage to tooth enamel occurs.It is also important to perform correct oral hygiene, at least twice a day, through brushing and flossing. Learn how to brush your teeth correctly.

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