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Pregnancy 2023

Parto na áwater: what é, advantages and dúcommon lives

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Parto na áwater: what é, advantages and dúcommon lives
Parto na áwater: what é, advantages and dúcommon lives

Normal water birth reduces the pain and time of labor, but for a safe birth, it is important that water birth is arranged between the parents and the hospital or clinic where the baby will be born, months before labor starts.

Some options for achieving a water birth are the use of a plastic pool or bathtub, which should be the responsibility of the hospital. The place must be properly clean and the water must be at about 36ยบ C at all times, so that at birth, the temperature is comfortable for the baby.

The main advantage of water birth is the decrease in pain during labor and the need to have to resort to cesarean section or even the use of suction cups or forceps, promoting a more natural and less traumatic birth for mother and baby.

Main advantages of water birth

The main advantages of aquatic birth for the mother include:

  • Pain relief, acceleration and shortening of labor;
  • Feeling of lightness in the water that allows greater movement during labor;
  • Greater sense of security by being able to control which are the most comfortable positions to adopt during contractions
  • Warm water promotes relaxation of muscles including the perineum, ligaments and pelvic joints, facilitating childbirth;
  • Decreased feeling of tiredness during labor because the muscles in the body tend to be more relaxed throughout the process;
  • Easier to disconnect from the world around, allowing you to more easily understand your most primitive needs;
  • Less swelling total body;
  • Greater personal satisfaction for actively participating in all labor, which contributes to the 'empowerment' of women, in addition to a greater sense of well-being, self-esteem and emotional relaxation;
  • Lower risk of postpartum depression;
  • Facilitating Breastfeeding;
  • Decreases the need for analgesia;
  • Less need for episiotomy and perineal laceration, and other interventions during labor.

Advantages for the baby include better oxygenation of the fetus during labor and a less traumatic birth because there is less artificial light and noise and it is usually the mother herself who brings him to the surface to breathe and it will certainly be the first face he will see, increasing the bond between him and his mother.

Who can have a water birth

Any woman who has had a he althy, low-risk pregnancy, has no complications during pregnancy and who has an equally he althy baby, can opt for natural childbirth, in water. Thus, it is possible to have a water birth when the woman does not have pre-eclampsia, hypertension, diabetes, delivery of twins or has already had a cesarean section before.

The woman can enter the water right at the beginning of contractions because warm water helps to accelerate the beginning of labor and cervical dilation, indicating in a few moments that the baby is really about to be born.

Common questions

Some of the most common questions regarding water birth are answered below.

1. Can baby drown if born in water?

No, the baby is not at risk of drowning because he has a drowning reflex that does not allow him to inhale until he is out of the water.

2. Is the risk of vaginal infection higher in water birth?

No, because water does not enter the vagina and, in addition, the contamination that could occur during vaginal examinations performed by nurses and midwives is reduced because this type of intervention is much smaller in water.

3. Is it necessary to be completely naked in the water?

Not necessarily, because the woman can choose to cover her breasts, leaving only the part of the waist down bare. However, after birth the baby will want to breastfeed and the breast is already free, she can help with this task. If your partner wants to get in the water, he doesn't need to be naked.

4. Is it necessary to shave the genital area before childbirth?

It is not necessary to completely remove pubic hair before delivery, but it is recommended that a woman remove excess hair on the vulva and also between the legs.

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