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Ophthalmology 2023

Step by Step to Put on and Take off Contact Lenses

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Step by Step to Put on and Take off Contact Lenses
Step by Step to Put on and Take off Contact Lenses
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The process of putting on and taking off contact lenses involves handling the lenses, which makes it necessary to follow some hygiene precautions that prevent the appearance of infections or complications in the eyes.

Compared to prescription glasses, contact lenses have several advantages, as they do not fog up, do not weigh or slip and are more comfortable for those who practice physical activity, but their use can cause conjunctivitis, red eyes and dry patches or corneal ulcers, for example. Learn about the advantages and disadvantages of wearing contact lenses in A Guide to Wearing Contact Lenses.

How to put on contact lenses

To put in contact lenses daily, it is recommended to follow a hygiene routine, which makes the whole process safer. Thus, it is recommended:

  1. Wash your hands well with liquid soap and dry;
  2. Choose one eye and always start with that one, to avoid switching, it is generally recommended to start with the right eye;
  3. Pull the lens out of the case with the tip of your index finger, place it in the palm of your hand and check that the lens is not inverted. To do this, you must place the lens on your index finger, pointing it towards the light, and check if the edges widen to the outside, if this happens the lens is inverted (inside out). For the lens to be in the correct position, it must show a bluish outline, as shown in the image;
  4. Then you should put the lens back in the palm of your hand, passing a little liquid over the lens to remove any particles that may have been stuck;
  5. Place the lens on the tip of the index finger, use the fingers of the hand that has the lens to open the lower eyelid and the fingers of the other hand to open the upper eyelid;
  6. Slowly and carefully, move the lens towards the eye, placing it gently. If necessary, looking up as you put the lens on can make the process easier;
  7. Release the eyelids and close and open the eye for a few seconds to help with adaptation.

The entire process from point 3 must be repeated to place the lens on the other eye.

How to remove contact lenses

Usually, removing the lenses is easier than putting them on, but the necessary care is similar. So, to remove the lenses from the eye, it is advised:

  1. Wash your hands well again with anti-bacterial soap and dry;
  2. Open the lens case, choosing the eye to start with.
  3. Look up and with the middle finger pull the lower eyelid;
  4. With the index finger, gently pull the contact lens down towards the white part of the eye;
  5. Grasp the lens with your thumb and forefinger, squeezing gently, just with enough force to remove it from the eye;
  6. Place the lens in the case and close.

The entire process from point 2 must be repeated to remove the other lens. In the case of daily contact lenses, they should never be stored, they should only be removed from the eye and discarded.

Cleaning and Care of Contact Lenses

To avoid infections and other more serious problems such as corneal ulcers, it is important that contact lens wearers follow some rules, which include:

  • Before touching your eyes or lenses, always wash your hands thoroughly with antibacterial liquid soap and dry with paper or a lint-free towel;
  • Change the lens case disinfectant solution whenever you need to store lenses, rinsing the case well with solution to remove possible residue.
  • Whenever you store 1 lens, you must first put the solution in the case and not the lens;
  • Lenses should always be manipulated one at a time, to avoid confusion or exchanges, as it is common for eyes not to have the same graduation.
  • Whenever a lens is removed from the eye, place it in the palm of your hand, add a few drops of disinfectant solution and gently rub the front and back of each lens with your fingertip to to clean its surface well.
  • Whenever the case is free, it must be washed with disinfectant solution, leaving it to dry in the open air upside down and on a clean cloth. The case should be changed once a month to avoid infections and residue build-up.
  • If the lenses are not used every day, the solution in the case should be changed once a day to preserve and disinfect the contact lens.

Putting on and removing contact lenses from your eyes is an easy process, especially if you follow the recommended steps. There is often a fear of the contact lens getting stuck in the eye and not being able to be removed, but this is physically impossible due to the existence of a membrane that prevents this from happening. Discover other Myths and Truths About Contact Lenses.

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