Logo femininebook.com
General Practice 2023

6 causes of basóhigh phyla and what to do

6 causes of basóhigh phyla and what to do
6 causes of basóhigh phyla and what to do
Anonim

The increase in the number of basophils is called basophilia and is usually indicative that some inflammatory or allergic process is happening in the body, and it is important that the concentration of basophils in the blood be interpreted together with the result of other results of the blood count.

It is not necessary to treat the increased basophils, but the cause of the basophilia. Therefore, it is important that the cause of the increase be investigated and, thus, the appropriate treatment can be initiated.

Basophils are cells belonging to the immune system that are found in smaller amounts in the blood, being considered normal when their concentration is between 0 and 2% or 0 - 200 /mm3, or according to laboratory value.A quantity of basophil greater than 200/mm3 is indicated as basophilia. Learn more about basophils.

The main causes of basophilia are:

1. Asthma, sinusitis and rhinitis

Asthma, sinusitis and rhinitis are the main causes of high basophils, as they are responsible for intense and prolonged allergic or inflammatory processes, which stimulate a greater activity of the immune system, resulting not only in an increase in basophils, but also eosinophils and lymphocytes.

What to do: In these cases it is important to identify the cause of sinusitis and rhinitis and avoid contact, in addition to using antihistamine drugs to relieve symptoms. In the case of asthma, in addition to avoiding the cause responsible for the appearance of symptoms, the use of medications that promote the opening of the pulmonary bronchi, facilitating breathing, is indicated.

2. Ulcerative colitis

Ulcerative colitis is an inflammatory bowel disease characterized by the presence of several ulcers in the intestine, which causes a lot of discomfort, tiredness and weight loss, for example. As it is a prolonged inflammatory process, it is possible to verify the increase in the number of basophils in the blood count.

What to do: It is important to follow the treatment according to the gastroenterologist's indications, giving preference to a he althy and low-fat diet, in addition to some medications that help decrease inflammation, such as Sulfasalazine, Mesalazine and Corticosteroids, for example. See more details on treating ulcerative colitis.

3. Arthritis

Arthritis is characterized by inflammation of the joints, which leads to changes in the blood count, including an increase in the number of basophils.

What to do: In case of arthritis, it is important that the treatment is carried out according to the orthopedist's orientation, because this way, in addition to normalizing the blood count values, It is possible to combat the symptoms associated with arthritis. See all about arthritis.

4. Chronic renal failure

It is common for chronic renal failure to see an increase in the number of basophils, as it is usually associated with a prolonged inflammatory process.

What to do: In this case, it is recommended to follow the treatment indicated by the doctor to treat kidney failure, in which the use of medication is usually indicated to control the symptoms or, in more severe cases, a kidney transplant may be indicated. Understand how treatment for chronic renal failure is done.

5. Hemolytic anemia

Hemolytic anemia is characterized by the destruction of red blood cells by the immune system itself, leading to the emergence of symptoms such as weakness, pallor and lack of appetite, for example. In an attempt to compensate for the destruction of red blood cells, the bone marrow starts releasing more immature cells into the bloodstream, such as reticulocytes, for example.In addition, in some cases, the physician may observe an increase in the number of basophils, as the immune system is more active.

What to do: It is important that the blood count and other laboratory tests be performed to verify that it is hemolytic anemia and not another type of anemia. If hemolytic anemia is confirmed, the doctor may recommend the use of drugs that regulate the activity of the immune system, such as Prednisone and Ciclosporin, for example.

See how to identify and treat hemolytic anemia.

6. Blood diseases

Some hematological diseases, mainly Chronic Myeloid Leukemia, Polycythemia Vera, Essential Thrombocythemia and Primary Myelofibrosis, for example, may present an increase in the number of basophils in the blood, in addition to other changes in the blood count.

What to do: In these cases, it is important that the diagnosis is made by the hematologist according to the results of the blood count and other laboratory tests so that treatment can be started most suitable according to the hematological disease.

Popular topic