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General Practice 2023

Parotitis: what é, symptoms and treatment

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Parotitis: what é, symptoms and treatment
Parotitis: what é, symptoms and treatment

Parotitis is a condition characterized by inflammation of the parotid glands, which is a salivary gland that is located on the side of the face, close to the ears. Thus, due to inflammation, it is possible to notice swelling of the face in the region between the chin and the ear, in addition to pain when swallowing or opening the mouth, headache and fever.

Mumps is usually caused by infectious agents and, therefore, can also be known as infectious parotitis, being in most cases related to viruses of the Paramyxoviridae family, which is the agent responsible for mumps. However, it can also be caused by other microorganisms such as Staphylococcus aureus, Haemophilus influenzae, Coxsackievirus and cytomegalovirus, for example, although parotitis caused by these agents is rarer.

Parotitis can happen in people of all ages, but children between 5 and 15 years old are usually the most affected, and it is important that the pediatrician is consulted for a physical evaluation and laboratory tests to help confirm the infection and thus start the most appropriate treatment.

Symptoms of parotitis

The symptoms of parotitis are related to inflammation of the parotid glands, and there may be:

  • Swelling of the neck glands;
  • Pain in the face in the region where the gland is located;
  • Fever;
  • Pain when swallowing;
  • Inflammation of testes and ovaries;
  • Headache;
  • Abdominal pain (when reaching the ovaries);
  • Vomiting;
  • Stiffness in the back of the neck;
  • Muscle pain;
  • Chills;

In addition, in some cases it is possible that the infectious agent causes inflammation of the testicles and ovaries and abdominal pain, for example. There can also be complications when the organs affected by the virus are more deeply affected, in some cases meningitis, pancreatitis, kidney and eye disorders can develop.

The diagnosis of infectious parotitis is made through clinical observation of symptoms. Laboratory tests are usually not necessary, but in cases of uncertainty, saliva or blood tests detect the presence of the agent causing parotitis.

How the treatment is done

Treatment for parotitis is aimed at reducing symptoms, and it is recommended that the person rest and make use of medications that must be prescribed by the doctor, such as analgesics and antipyretics that help to reduce the discomfort caused by the disease.In addition, hot water compresses can also be used to reduce pain.

Foods ingested by the individual must be pasty or liquid, as they are easier to swallow, and good oral hygiene must be performed so that possible secondary infections do not occur, causing complications in infectious parotitis.

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