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Male puberty is a stage in a boy's life in which several changes occur in the body, such as hair growth in the intimate region, the beginning of sperm production, a change in voice and the appearance of a beard, due to hormonal changes, as an increase in testosterone production.
Male puberty starts at different times for each boy, however, it starts around 10 years old to 16 years old, but in some cases it can start around 9 years old, being called precocious puberty. See what precocious puberty is, symptoms and possible causes.
The changes caused by puberty can cause anxiety, fear and stress in the boy and, therefore, it is important to explain to the child the changes that can happen, noting that it is a completely normal phase of growth.
The main changes that occur in the body due to male puberty are:
1. Enlargement of testicles
Enlargement of testicles is usually the first sign of male puberty, as there is a release of gonadotropins that stimulate the production of other hormones that cause an increase in testicle size, by about 2.5 cm.
In addition, the scrotum, which is the pouch that surrounds the testicles, has thinner skin and sometimes a more reddish color.
2. Increase in penis size
An increase in the size of the penis is another characteristic change of male puberty, with the penis normally growing first in size and then in thickness, and may become thicker as puberty progresses.
3. Hair growth
Due to the hormonal changes characteristic of male puberty, it is normal for a boy to have hair growth, not only on his face, but all over his body, including the intimate area and armpits.
Pubic hair appears around 12 years old, while axillary and facial hair appear around 13 or 14 years old, being initially fine and smooth, increasing in quantity and becoming thicker with age. the course of puberty.
4. Appearance of acne
With the course of male puberty, one of the changes that occurs is the appearance of acne, since hormonal changes cause an increase in the production of oil in the skin, which favors the appearance of pimples.
5. Voice change
A boy's voice changes also occur during puberty, as hormonal changes cause an increase in the size of the larynx, which is where the vocal cords are located, causing the voice to be altered.
Voice alteration is more evident at the beginning of puberty, since the boy has a thin and hoarse voice, which becomes deeper over time.
6. Widening the shoulders and chest
The change in the size of some parts of the body is another typical alteration of puberty in boys, and it is possible to observe the enlargement of the shoulders and chest, as well as an increase in muscle mass.
This phase is called the “pubertal spurt”, it occurs around the age of 14 and is marked by the development of bones and muscles, causing the boy to grow.
7. The first ejaculation appears
After the start of sperm production, which happens due to the increase in the testosterone hormone, characteristic of male puberty, the first ejaculation takes place, around 14 to 15 years old.
The first ejaculation can happen during sleep, known as nocturnal emission, and it happens involuntary. Know what is nocturnal emission and why it happens.
How to deal with male puberty
The onset of male puberty causes changes in the body that can be a reason for restlessness, fears or doubts, both in the boy himself and in the parents, and which must be talked about to reassure the person.
1. For young people
It is normal that during puberty negative feelings such as anguish, anxiety or fear arise, especially because the body undergoes several changes in a short time. However, it is important to remember that puberty is a completely normal phase and that it happens to all boys.
Whenever fears or doubts arise, it is important to talk to someone you trust, such as parents, to understand what is happening.
2. For parents
The characteristic changes of the child's puberty can be a reason for doubts and stress for parents, because they do not know how to deal with them, causing feelings of anguish and anxiety. In addition to changes in the body, there may be changes in behavior and mood, and the child may become more impulsive or stubborn.
However, it is important to understand if the change in mood or behavior is due to the boy feeling bad or ugly, and it is important to talk to him, explaining that it is a temporary phase and making him feel protected and understood.
If parents are having a hard time dealing with puberty changes, it is advisable to seek help from a psychologist who can help reassure parents and calm their child's fears.