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General Practice 2023

Hypermetropia: what é, symptoms, causes and treatment

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Hypermetropia: what é, symptoms, causes and treatment
Hypermetropia: what é, symptoms, causes and treatment

Hyperopia is the difficulty in seeing objects up close and happens when the eyeball is shorter than normal or when the cornea, which is the front part of the eye, has some deformity, causing the image form after the retina.

Usually hyperopia is present from birth, as heredity is the main cause of this condition, however, this change can appear in different degrees, which can go unnoticed in childhood, which can result in learning difficulties. Therefore, it is important that the child undergoes regular eye exams.

Hyperopia is usually treated through the use of glasses or lenses, however, depending on the degree, laser surgery for cornea correction, known as Lasik surgery, may be indicated by the ophthalmologist. See what are the indications and how is the recovery from Lasik surgery.


Symptoms of Hyperopia

The signs and symptoms of hyperopia are progressive, that is, they evolve over time. The first sign of hyperopia is difficulty seeing up close, however, if the treatment indicated by the doctor is not carried out, it is possible that difficulty seeing objects further away and other symptoms may also arise, the main ones being:

  • Blurry for near and far objects mainly;
  • tiredness and eye pain;
  • Headaches, especially after reading;
  • Difficulty concentrating;
  • Heaviness around the eyes;
  • Tearing or redness of the eyes.

In children, hyperopia may be associated with strabismus, and should be closely monitored by an ophthalmologist to avoid low vision, learning delay and poor formation of visual function at the brain level. Here's how to identify the most common vision problems.

How the diagnosis is made

The diagnosis of hyperopia is made by the ophthalmologist based on the evaluation of the signs and symptoms reported by the person and also through an ophthalmological examination. Understand how the eye exam is done.

Main causes

Hyperopia is usually hereditary, that is, passed from parents to children, however, this condition can be manifested due to poor eye formation, changes in the cornea or lens of the eye or be a consequence of diseases, such as diabetes and tumors, or the use of medication.

How the treatment is done

Treatment for hyperopia is usually done with the use of glasses or contact lenses to correctly place the image on the retina.

However, depending on the person's difficulty in seeing, the doctor may recommend surgery for hyperopia, which can be affected after age 21, and which uses a laser to modify the cornea, which will do so that the image now focuses on the retina.

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