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General Practice 2023

Arthrosis in the shoulder: symptoms, causes and treatment

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Arthrosis in the shoulder: symptoms, causes and treatment
Arthrosis in the shoulder: symptoms, causes and treatment
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Arthrosis in the shoulder corresponds to degeneration of the shoulder joint, which leads to pain in the shoulder when certain movements are performed, which increases over the years or intensifies during movements with the arms.

Arthrosis in the shoulder can happen due to genetic factors or be a consequence of repetitive or high-impact movements, and it is important that the orthopedist is consulted so that it is possible to make the diagnosis and start the most appropriate treatment.

The treatment for osteoarthritis is done with the use of medication to relieve pain, which must be recommended by the orthopedist, and physiotherapy sessions to improve shoulder mobility. Treatment is usually lengthy and, depending on the case, surgery may be necessary.

Symptoms of osteoarthritis in the shoulder

The symptoms of osteoarthritis in the shoulder can be constant and more intense when the arm is moved, the main ones being:

  • Shoulder pain and swelling;
  • Difficulty performing any movement with the shoulder;
  • Sand feeling in the shoulder joint;
  • Shoulder slaps during movements.

It is common for osteoarthritis in the shoulder to occur at the same time as other changes, such as tendinitis or bursitis, which corresponds to inflammation of the tissue located inside the shoulder joint. Here's how to identify and treat shoulder bursitis.

How the diagnosis is made

The diagnosis of osteoarthritis in the shoulder is made by the orthopedist from the evaluation of the symptoms presented by the person and physical examination, in which movements are made that involve the shoulder to check the person's mobility, if there is any type of pain and its intensity.

In addition, an X-ray may be requested to evaluate the entire structure of the shoulder and, thus, be able to verify the stage of arthrosis, which is important to initiate the most appropriate treatment.

Main causes

Arthrosis in the shoulder can happen due to genetic factors or be a consequence of chronic rheumatoid arthritis, repetitive or high-impact movements, or direct or indirect trauma such as falling and leaning on the floor, for example. In addition, osteoarthritis in the shoulder can be a consequence of older age or the type of activity that the person performs.

How the treatment is done

Treatment for osteoarthritis in the shoulder is done with the use of analgesic and anti-inflammatory drugs, such as Paracetamol or Diclofenac, to relieve symptoms. In addition, the doctor may recommend the use of supplements based on the skeleton of crustaceans, as they can help in the recovery of cartilage, in addition to having no contraindication.Also know some home remedies for osteoarthritis.

Physiotherapy is also indicated in order to keep the joint active, in addition to promoting its strengthening and, thus, improving the person's quality of life. To help with the treatment, ice, heat, equipment and even weight training exercises can also be used, but always with professional guidance.

Arthroscopy may also be recommended, which is a small surgical procedure to remove bone calluses, and if the case is very serious, replacement of the damaged joint with a prosthesis may be indicated. Understand what shoulder arthroscopy is and what the risks are.

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