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General Practice 2023

Arthritis: 5 symptoms that could indicate the problem (with online test)

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Arthritis: 5 symptoms that could indicate the problem (with online test)
Arthritis: 5 symptoms that could indicate the problem (with online test)

Symptoms of arthritis develop slowly and are related to joint inflammation, so they can appear in any joint and impair movements, such as walking or moving your hands, for example.

Although there are several types of arthritis, the symptoms are similar, despite having different causes, the main ones being pain and swelling in the joint, stiffness of movement and increase in local temperature. Even if the symptoms are similar, it is important to identify the cause so that the most appropriate treatment can be started, relieving the symptoms and improving the person's quality of life.

How to know if you have Arthritis

Arthritis symptoms usually appear in people over 40, although it can also happen in children. So, if you are experiencing discomfort in a joint, select the symptoms in the following test to check for arthritis risk:

  1. 1.Constant pain in the joint, most common in the knee, elbow or fingers Yes No
  2. 2.Stiffness and difficulty moving the joint, especially in the morning Yes No
  3. 3.Hot, red, swollen joint Yes No
  4. 4.Deformed joints Yes No
  5. 5.Pain when squeezing or moving the joint Yes No


Make an appointment with a specialist

In some cases, arthritis can also cause less specific symptoms such as lack of appetite, which can cause weight loss, excessive tiredness and lack of energy.

Symptoms of each type of arthritis

In addition to the common symptoms of all types of arthritis, there are other more specific signs that can help a doctor make a diagnosis, such as:

  • Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis, which is a rare type of arthritis that affects children up to 16 years of age and which, in addition to the common signs and symptoms of arthritis, can be noticed daily fever during more than 2 weeks, appearance of spots on the body, loss of appetite and eye inflammation, for example;
  • Psoriatic arthritis, which usually occurs in people with psoriasis and can be characterized by the appearance of red, dry plaques at the joints, in addition to difficulty and deformation of the same;
  • Septic arthritis, which occurs as a result of infections and, therefore, in addition to the symptoms of arthritis, signs and symptoms indicative of infection such as fever and chills, for example.

In addition, in cases of gouty arthritis, which is popularly called gout, the symptoms are intense and usually appear in less than 12 hours, improving after 3 to 10 days, and affecting the big toe joint, also known by hallux.

What causes arthritis

Arthritis is caused by wear and tear on the cartilage in the joint, which causes the bones to become exposed and begin to rub against each other, causing pain and inflammation. Generally, this type of wear and tear is caused by the normal use of the joint and appears over the years, which is why arthritis is more common in the elderly.

However, wear and tear can be accelerated by other factors such as infections, blows or even an immune system response. In these cases, arthritis gets another name, being called rheumatoid when it is caused by the immune system, septic when it arises from an infection or psoriatic when it arises due to a case of psoriasis, for example.

See more about causes and treatment for arthritis.

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