Table of contents:
- 1. Inguinal hernia
- 2. Femoral hernia
- 3. Boil
- 4. Sexually transmitted infections
- 5. Lymphadenitis
- 6. Cancer
- 7. Varicose vein in the saphenous vein
The lump in the groin is usually a sign of tongue, which appears when there is some type of infection near the region. However, the presence of a groin lump can also be caused by an inguinal hernia, a boil, or even cancer.
Depending on its cause, a groin lump may be accompanied by other symptoms, such as increased local temperature, redness and sensitivity to the touch, pus formation or fever.
In the presence of a lump in the groin, it is important to consult the general practitioner, so that their characteristics and associated symptoms are evaluated, and thus identify the cause, initiating the most appropriate treatment, which can be done with the use of antibiotics, anti-inflammatory drugs or surgery, for example.
The main causes of groin lump are:
1. Inguinal hernia
Inguinal hernia is a lump that appears in the groin area, which can affect men or women, being more common in men, and which happens when a part of the intestine comes out through a weak point of the abdominal muscles.
Usually, an inguinal hernia does not cause pain, but it can be painful especially when the person carries weight, coughs, or bends over. In men, pain that radiates to the testicles may also occur.
What to do: you should consult a general practitioner to diagnose an inguinal hernia and undergo treatment with surgery, which aims to put the intestine back in the correct place, in addition to It is also recommended to perform exercises that help strengthen the muscles of the abdomen to prevent the hernia from returning. Learn how surgery for inguinal hernia is done and how recovery is.
2. Femoral hernia
Femoral hernia is a lump that appears in the thigh, near the groin, and occurs due to the displacement of part of the fat from the abdomen and intestine to the groin area. This type of hernia is more common in older women or after pregnancy, but it can also occur due to being overweight, having chronic constipation or chronic coughing, for example.
Femoral hernia usually causes no symptoms, but it can cause pain when lifting, straining, or carrying weight. In some cases, the hernia can impede blood flow to the intestine and cause a strangulation or intestinal obstruction, which is a serious condition that can cause death of intestinal tissue and needs urgent medical attention.
What to do: Femoral hernia treatment is performed by a general surgeon, through surgery to correct the hernia and avoid the risk of strangulation of the intestine, which can life at risk. Understand how femoral hernia surgery is performed.
The boil is a type of skin abscess that can occur in the groin area and is characterized by being a lump with pus that can grow over time, causing pain, increased local temperature, redness and sensitivity to the skin. touch and can be quite uncomfortable.
A boil in the groin can occur due to inflammation at the hair root, obstruction of an oil gland or a sore in the groin area, and is in most cases associated with infection with Staphylococcus aureus bacteria, which can be found naturally in mucous membranes and skin.
What to do: You can make a compress with warm water about 3 times a day, in addition to washing the area well with warm water and neutral soap. A boil should never be squeezed, as this can worsen inflammation and infection, making it more difficult to treat. In some cases, the doctor may recommend drainage of the abscess, which consists of removing the pus, in addition to the use of antibiotics to fight the infection.
4. Sexually transmitted infections
Sexually transmitted infections, or STIs, such as genital herpes, chlamydia, syphilis or gonorrhea, can lead to a lump in the groin, due to swelling and accumulation of fluid in the lymph nodes, which are small glands that make part of the immune system, responsible for removing viruses and bacteria to fight infection.
Generally, groin lump caused by STIs can cause other symptoms such as discharge, itching, fever, pain or burning when urinating, for example.
What to do: you should consult the gynecologist, in the case of women, or the urologist, in the case of men, so that tests are carried out to identify the type of sexually transmitted infection and the most appropriate treatment according to the cause of the STI. Find out how STIs are treated.
A lump in the groin can also occur due to lymphadenitis, which is inflammation of the lymph nodes in the groin area, usually caused by an infection with a virus, fungi, bacteria, or protozoa.
In addition, lumps may appear in other parts of the body, such as the neck or armpits, especially in cases of systemic infections such as mononucleosis or cytomegalovirus.
What to do: you should consult the general practitioner to diagnose the cause of lymphadenitis and the most appropriate treatment, which can be with antibiotics or anti-inflammatory drugs.
The lump in the groin can arise due to cancer, especially lymphoma, which is a type of cancer of the lymph nodes, leading to the appearance of hard lump in the groin, which does not go away after 1 or 2 months and does not stop growing.
Generally, in this type of cancer other symptoms may be present in addition to the groin lump, such as fever, night sweats, excessive tiredness and weight loss for no apparent reason.
What to do: you should consult your general practitioner, hematologist or oncologist for blood tests, tomography or PET-CT, for example, to identify the type of lymphoma, and start the most appropriate treatment, which is usually done with chemotherapy or radiotherapy.Check out all lymphoma treatment options.
7. Varicose vein in the saphenous vein
A varicose vein in the saphenous vein can cause a large lump to appear in the groin with a bluish color, which normally disappears when you lie down. This condition occurs when the valve in the saphenous veins does not open properly for blood to flow, causing it to pool inside the vein, forming a lump in the groin.
Although it is a rare condition, varicose veins are more common in people who have varicose veins in their legs or feet.
What to do: The treatment of varicose veins in the saphenous vein is done by the angiologist through surgery to remove the damaged part of the saphenous vein.