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General Practice 2023

Dry skin: what to do and how to care

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Dry skin: what to do and how to care
Dry skin: what to do and how to care

Dry skin must be cared for daily to ensure good hydration, maintain the skin's natural protective barrier and adequate cell renewal. For this, it is essential to avoid very hot baths, do not use loofahs or bath brushes, and always apply a good moisturizing cream after bathing.

These cares can help in the short or long term, both in the treatment and in the prevention of dry skin. In addition, to keep the skin hydrated and without drying for longer, you should ensure good hydration of the body by drinking plenty of water a day, avoid stress and sleep at least 8 hours a night.

Daily care for dry skin

Some care that is important to help improve dry skin and that should be done daily are:

1. Avoid using loofahs or bath brushes

Puffs and bath brushes can provide a greater feeling of cleanliness, however, when used daily or with a lot of force, they act as an exfoliant that, if done daily, removes the protective layer of the skin, decreasing its moisture and leaving the skin dry. The ideal is not to use loofahs or shower brushes every day, using them only 2 to 3 times a week.

In addition, drying the skin with rough towels also damages the skin's protective layer, which can also contribute to the skin becoming drier.

2. Avoid very hot baths

Very hot or long baths should be avoided as high temperatures, usually above 38ºC, remove the natural oil that is part of the skin's protective barrier, leaving it dry and dehydrated.

To avoid removing oil from the skin, it is recommended to take quick showers, warm baths or with colder water, if possible, to avoid drying the skin.

3. Using a moisturizing soap

Soaps, even those with neutral pH, can excessively remove the outermost layer of fat from the skin, which moisturizes and protects it against drying, especially from hands that are washed several times a day, which can very dry.

A good way to keep the skin moist is to use a soap with moisturizing properties or neutral liquid soap, as they prevent the removal of the skin's protective barrier and dryness, giving the skin a more hydrated appearance.

4. Apply moisturizer on the body

Passing a moisturizing cream on the body helps to reduce itching, moisturize and treat dry skin, as it replenishes nutrients and oil that the skin needs to maintain moisture. In addition, you must use the correct moisturizer for each part of the body, as the composition of the skin varies, and moisturizing products are prepared specifically for each area of ​​the body.So, you should apply body moisturizer on the body, the face cream only on the face and the foot cream only on the feet, respecting these guidelines.

The ideal is to apply the moisturizer every day to keep the skin hydrated and prevent the skin from becoming dry again.

5. Avoid facing the air conditioner

Facing the air conditioner or fan causes the skin to lose water through evaporation, which leads to skin dehydration and dryness, leaving the skin drier and rougher.

On hotter days, when it is necessary to use air conditioning or a fan, the ideal is not to leave them facing directly towards the body and always place a bucket of water or a damp cloth in the environment to prevent the air from getting very dry and the skin is dehydrated and dry.

Other long-term care

In addition to daily care, other care must be done and maintained over the long term to restore moisture, softness, hydration and shine to dry skin, ensuring beautiful, hydrated skin, including:

1. Drink 8 glasses of water a day

To keep the skin hydrated and without dryness, you should drink at least 8 glasses of water a day, as the skin also needs to be hydrated from the inside, through the water you drink daily.

For people who have difficulty drinking water, it may be interesting to drink sparkling water with mint or cucumber, for example, in addition to unsweetened teas and fruit juices.

Watch the video with nutritionist Tatiana Zanin with other tips to increase water consumption:

2. Exfoliate your skin regularly

Exfoliation is essential to remove dead skin cells that when they accumulate in the outer layers make the skin look dull, dry and flaky, and can even clog pores. Even so, the ideal is to exfoliate a maximum of 2 to 3 times a week, as excessive exfoliation damages the skin and causes greater dryness.

Also, exfoliating the skin helps to expose a new layer of skin ready to absorb moisturizer more effectively when applied right after exfoliating, which can help increase the skin's elasticity, making it look younger, smoother, more hydrated and he althier.

3. Avoid stress

Stress leads to an increase in the hormone cortisol which can affect blood flow to the skin and cell turnover, leaving the skin drier and duller.

Therefore, knowing how to deal with stress or avoid situations that can cause it is essential to keep your skin beautiful and he althy. A good way to combat stress is to practice physical activities regularly, do meditation, yoga or develop a hobby like painting or photography, for example. Check out tips on how to fight stress.

4. Sleep 8 hours a night

Sleep at least 8 hours a night helps keep your skin he althy, as sleep is the body's time for restoration, when skin cells are also repaired and regenerated. In addition, fatigue and the stress of not getting enough sleep increase the levels of the hormone cortisol, which directly influences the hydration of the skin, which can make it drier.

5. Eat he althy

A diet for dry skin should include foods rich in vitamins, minerals, beta-carotene and omega-3, such as blueberries, oranges, salmon, Brazil nuts or watermelon, for example, as they help keep the skin hydrated, soft and firm. Check out the complete list of foods good for the skin.

In addition, alcohol, canned foods such as tuna, sardines or peas, and sausages such as bologna, salami or ham, for example, should be avoided, as they contain a lot of sodium in their composition, which is used as preservative, and can cause increased fluid retention in the skin and impair cell renewal, which can cause dry skin.

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