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Bunion care involves measures to prevent its worsening and prevent inflammation, as it happens due to a deviation of the toes towards the inside of the foot, misaligning the bones and joints of the region. Thus, it is important to follow some tips like:
- Use orthopedic insoles, or splints, indicated by the orthopedist, to reduce the contact of the hunted with the bunion, reducing the weight on the region;
- Avoid wearing tight shoes, high heels or pointed shoes, as they deform the foot and put stress on the bunion, preferring comfortable shoes that accommodate the feet well;
- Place a finger separator between the thumb and second finger, preferably at night, as they reposition the fingers correctly during sleep and reduce pain and inflammation;
- Use flip-flops indoors instead of closed shoes, reducing friction on the area;
- Give a foot massage at the end of the day, with almond oil or a foot bath with warm water, to reduce pain.
The person with bunions should also consult an orthopedist to start the most appropriate treatment, and, in addition, physiotherapy 2 times a week may be indicated, which is very useful for stretching and reducing pain.
Exercises for Bunion
Foot exercises are performed under the guidance of a physical therapist as a way to improve flexibility and muscle strength in the feet, which can help realign joints and reduce bunion pain.
It is recommended that you try to walk barefoot, as a way to activate the foot sensors and relax the muscles. In addition, some exercises that can be practiced include:
Spread a towel on the floor, and make movements to bring it to you with just the movements of your toes, and repeat several times.
Do the opposite movement of the previous exercise, trying to remove the towel only with the movements of the fingers, repeating several times;
Sit down, stretch one of the legs, lifting the foot, and make rotating movements with the big toe, clockwise and counterclockwise, repeating the movement 15 times for each side. Then repeat with the opposite foot;
Use an elastic band to hold one thumb to the other, and make movements of opening and closing the fingers, or of adduction and abduction, working on strength and flexibility. Repeat the movements about 20 times a day
Check out these and other bunion exercises in the following video:
How to take care of an inflamed bunion
The best way to treat an inflamed bunion is to rest and apply ice packs for 5 to 10 minutes, about 3 times a day, as a way to reduce swelling, redness and pain.
In cases of intense pain, it is necessary to consult the orthopedist, as it may be necessary to use medication, such as anti-inflammatory drugs, in ointment or pills. In addition, if there is no improvement or if there are repeated episodes of inflammation, the doctor may recommend surgery to correct the bunion. Find out when and how bunion surgery is needed.