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General Practice 2023

Gingiva pain: 8 main causes and what to do

Gingiva pain: 8 main causes and what to do
Gingiva pain: 8 main causes and what to do

Gingiva pain can happen when you brush your teeth too hard or due to incorrect flossing.

However, gum pain, when frequent, can be indicative of more serious situations that require treatment, such as gingivitis, thrush or mouth cancer, for example.

Treatment of gum pain should be indicated by the dentist according to the cause of the pain, and specific treatment may be indicated for the cause and measures that help relieve pain and discomfort, such as good oral hygiene, nutrition or the use of an antiseptic and healing elixir.

The main causes of gum pain are:

1. Poor oral hygiene

Poor oral hygiene habits, such as not brushing or brushing too hard, can cause bleeding, inflammation and gum infection, resulting in pain.

What to do: It is essential to improve oral hygiene, brushing your teeth at least twice a day, especially after meals, flossing and using a mouthwash. In addition, it is also important to brush your teeth without using too much force, preferably using a soft brush, so as not to damage your gums. Here's how to brush your teeth properly.

2. Use of appliances and prostheses

Appliances and prostheses can also cause gum pain, because there can be greater accumulation of food debris and microorganisms, resulting in infection and, consequently, pain, swelling and bleeding in the gum. In addition, if these devices are poorly adapted, they can cause swelling, inflammation and tooth and jaw pain and gum pain.

What to do: In these cases it is important that oral hygiene is reinforced, to avoid the accumulation of food remains, and ensure that the prostheses and appliances are properly fixed. It is also recommended that the dentist be consulted regularly so that the need for maintenance of the appliance or prosthesis can be evaluated.

3. Hormonal changes

In women, hormonal fluctuations often occur, such as puberty, during the menstrual cycle, pregnancy and menopause, which can affect the gums.

During puberty and pregnancy, the amount of blood that flows to the gums is greater, which can make them swollen, tender or painful, while during menopause hormone levels decrease, which can cause bleeding and gum pain and changes to its color.

What to do: It is recommended to consult the gynecologist so that the hormone levels are evaluated and if there is another symptom besides pain and swelling in the gums, so that it can be the most appropriate treatment is indicated if necessary.

4. Wisdom tooth birth

The birth of wisdom teeth, which usually occurs between the ages of 17 and 21, can also cause gum pain, in addition to being quite uncomfortable.

What to do: To relieve pain, you can apply a gel with benzocaine for example or rinse with an anti-inflammatory elixir. In cases where the birth of wisdom interferes with the dental arch or when other symptoms appear, the doctor may indicate the removal of the tooth.

5. Thrush

Thrush, also called oral candidiasis, is an infectious disease caused by the fungus Candida albicans that can reach the mouth and leave the tongue and cheeks whitish, in addition to causing gum pain. Learn more about the frog.

What to do: It is important to consult the dentist or general practitioner so that the diagnosis is made and the most appropriate treatment begins, which usually consists of the application of an antifungal in the form of liquid, cream or gel, such as Nystatin or Miconazole, directly on the affected region.

6. Gingivitis

Gingivitis is an inflammation of the gums due to the accumulation of bacterial plaque on the teeth, causing pain in the gums and between the teeth, bleeding, swelling and redness. It usually happens because oral hygiene is not adequate, but it can also be due to other factors such as cracked or broken teeth, changes in hormones, cancer, alcohol, stress, poor diet, or insufficient production of saliva, for example.

What to do: It is important that the dentist is consulted as soon as the first symptoms of gingivitis are noticed, because then it is possible that the treatment is started soon after and can prevent the development of periodontitis. Usually, the treatment of gingivitis is done by performing a complete dental cleaning and, in some cases, the use of antibiotics may be indicated.

See more details about the treatment for gingivitis in the following video:

7. Aphthas

Canker sores are small painful lesions that usually appear on the tongue and lips, and can also affect the gums, causing pain and local discomfort. Canker sores can be caused by mouth sores, acidic or spicy foods, vitamin deficiencies, hormonal changes, stress, or autoimmune disorders.

What to do: To relieve the discomfort caused by canker sores, you can use a gel with anti-inflammatory properties or a healing and antiseptic mouthwash, as they help to eliminate the canker sore in up to 2 weeks, however if this does not happen or if the canker sores are frequent, it is recommended to go to the dentist for a complete evaluation and the most appropriate treatment to be indicated. See 5 foolproof tips to cure canker sores.

8. Dental abscess

Tooth abscess is a pocket of inflamed tissue filled with pus that arises from an infection at the root of the tooth and can cause severe pain and swelling of the gums.

What to do: In the presence of signs and symptoms of dental abscess, it is recommended to consult the dentist immediately so that an evaluation is carried out and the abscess can be removed. be recommended by the dentist the use of antibiotics and anti-inflammatories.

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