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General Practice 2023

7 Myths and truth about hepatic steatosisática (fat in fícattle)

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7 Myths and truth about hepatic steatosisática (fat in fícattle)
7 Myths and truth about hepatic steatosisática (fat in fícattle)

Hepatic steatosis, also known as fatty liver, is a common problem that can arise at any stage of life, but mainly occurs in people over 50.

In general, it does not cause symptoms and can have several causes, the most common of which are excessive consumption of alcoholic beverages and metabolic changes, such as abdominal obesity, diabetes and insulin resistance, and therefore, its treatment is made with changes in diet, practice of physical activity and control of diseases such as diabetes and high cholesterol.

However, if it is not controlled, or if it develops to an advanced degree, it can be serious and pose risks to the correct functioning of the liver. See below the main doubts regarding this problem.

1. Is liver fat dangerous?

Yes, because, generally, it is silent, and if the proper care, recommended by the doctor, is not taken, it can evolve and cause a more serious inflammation in the liver, which over the years increases the chances of developing cirrhosis and organ failure.

2. Can thin people have fatty liver?

Yes, this problem can arise even in thin people, especially in those who do not eat he althy or who have problems such as diabetes and high cholesterol.

In addition, losing a lot of weight quickly can also cause liver fat due to changes in metabolism, especially in people who have had gastric bypass surgery.

3. What are the causes of fatty liver?

The main factors that increase the risk of developing fatty liver are excessive alcohol consumption, obesity, type 2 diabetes, insulin resistance, high cholesterol, being over 50 years old, malnutrition, use of medication such as glucocorticoids, and liver diseases such as chronic hepatitis and Wilson's disease.

4. It is normal to have fatty liver and not experience symptoms

Truth. Usually this problem only causes symptoms in the more advanced stages, when the liver can no longer function properly. See the most common symptoms.

Thus, it is normal for the patient to discover this disease only when he/she is going to have a blood test or ultrasound to evaluate other he alth problems.

5. There is no medicine to combat fatty liver

Truth. Generally, specific drugs are not used to combat this problem, and its treatment is made with changes in the diet, regular practice of physical activities, elimination of alcohol consumption, weight loss and control of diseases such as diabetes, hypertension and high cholesterol.

6. I have fatty liver, so I can't get pregnant

Lie. Pregnancy is possible, however, it must be planned and monitored by a gastroenterologist or hepatologist. In the mildest degree, fatty liver normally does not interfere with pregnancy, as long as the woman eats a balanced diet.

However, there may be restrictions depending on the degree of the disease and the existence of other he alth problems, such as overweight, high blood pressure and high cholesterol, and it is necessary to talk to the doctor to treat the disease and reduce the risk of complications in this period.

In addition, it is possible to develop acute fatty liver during pregnancy, a serious condition that must be treated quickly.

7. Can children have fatty liver?

Yes, especially children who have obesity and diabetes or are at high risk of developing diabetes, as excess weight and blood sugar cause changes in metabolism that favor the accumulation of fat in the liver.

The main part of the treatment is food, so here's what the liver fat diet should look like.

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