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General Practice 2023

Polivitamínico: what é, what it is for and how to take it

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Polivitamínico: what é, what it is for and how to take it
Polivitamínico: what é, what it is for and how to take it

The multivitamin is a food supplement that contains several vitamins, such as vitamin C, vitamin A and vitamins of the B complex. In addition, many multivitamins are also composed of minerals or other compounds that are indicated with the aim of combating nutritional deficiencies.

The recommendation of a multivitamin is made when it is not possible to obtain all the necessary vitamins through food, such as when you practice some sport, when you have a disease, when you take medication that hinders the absorption of vitamins or in certain stages of life, such as during pregnancy or breastfeeding. See when multivitamin use is recommended.

However, as the amount of vitamins that should be ingested per day varies according to age, sex and general he alth status, it is important that the use of multivitamins is prescribed and monitored by a doctor or a nutritionist.

What is it for

The multivitamin is used to combat or prevent vitamin deficiencies that can occur when it is not possible to obtain optimal amounts of all the vitamins that are important for the proper functioning of the body. Thus, the use of multivitamins can be indicated by the doctor in the following situations:

  • Low Vitamin Intake: People who cannot get all their vitamins through their diet, such as when eating a vegetarian diet or when their diet is poor in nutrients, of multivitamin can be recommended to avoid vitamin deficiencies;
  • Low absorption of vitamins: In cases of he alth that decrease the absorption of vitamins in the intestine, such as after bariatric surgery, the use of some medications or celiac disease, the doctor or nutritionist can also prescribe the use of multivitamins;
  • Increased nutritional needs: Multivitamins are recommended at times when the body needs more vitamins, such as during childhood and for women who are pregnant or breastfeeding.

It is worth remembering that the need for multivitamins varies from person to person according to age, diet, gender, he alth status, exercise practices.

Furthermore, there is little scientific evidence that proves that multivitamin supplementation helps to prevent diseases in people who have adequate food habits and do not have nutritional deficiencies. In these cases, supplementation with multivitamins is not indicated, and a varied and balanced diet should be prioritized.

How to take it

Multivitamins are usually sold in capsules or tablets and the recommended intake is usually 1 tablet a day, which should be taken with 1 glass of water at one of the meals, such as lunch or dinner, as vitamins are better absorbed in the presence of nutrients from food and stomach acid.

Multivitamin A to Z should also be taken in the same way as other types of vitamin supplements, with 1 glass of water with a meal, such as lunch or dinner.

Children's multivitamins are generally sold in gums or chewable tablets and the recommendation varies from 1 to 2 gummies or tablets a day, along with breakfast, lunch or dinner.

However, the time, quantity and form of taking the multivitamin varies according to the type of supplement and the doctor's or nutritionist's recommendation.

Contraindications and side effects

The multivitamin should not be used in case of allergy to any component of the supplement formula. In the same way that it should be avoided by those who already use other supplements with vitamins, to avoid hypervitaminosis, which is intoxication caused by excessive intake of vitamins, which can lead to symptoms such as nausea, vomiting or increased blood pressure.

In addition, the consumption of multivitamins can cause reactions in some people, such as hepatitis, cardiovascular diseases, nervous system disorders and kidney or skin problems.

The use of a multivitamin supplement can interfere with, decrease or increase the action of some medications. Therefore, it is essential to always consult a doctor before using any type of multivitamin.

Does multivitamin make you fat?

The use of multivitamins does not make you fat, as vitamins have no calories. However, B-complex, a multivitamin that contains all the B-complex vitamins, can stimulate appetite, leading to increased food consumption that could result in weight gain.

Therefore, it is important to associate the use of multivitamins with a he althy diet and regular physical activity.

What is the difference between multivitamin and multimineral?

The multivitamin and polymineral is a supplement consisting of both vitamins and minerals and is available in pill, liquid or powder form, and can be taken daily for a period of time that varies according to individual nutritional needs and recommendations. from the doctor or nutritionist.

This type of supplement is usually marketed for each stage of life, as a multivitamin and multimineral for children or multivitamin and multimineral for pregnant women who generally have higher amounts of folic acid and iron because they are important nutrients for pregnant women.

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