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Suicide is the act of taking your own life, which can happen as a result of internal conflicts that occur throughout life and, therefore, there is a greater risk of depression, bipolar disorder, substance abuse and emotional trauma, for example.
Suicidal behavior is divided into 3 phases: thinking about suicide, suicide attempt and consummation of the act. The person who thinks about taking his life believes that there are no solutions to his problems and usually shows signs of an emotional imbalance, which may go unnoticed by family and friends. Learn how to identify the signs that may indicate the risk of suicide.
Some factors that favor suicidal thoughts and attempts include:
Depression is one of the main causes of suicide, because feelings of loneliness and sadness are more intense, as well as the feeling that this feeling has no solution, which increases the probability of the person having suicidal thoughts, as if it were the only way to end suffering.
What to do: It is important to have the support of a psychologist, psychiatrist or even self-help groups, so that it is possible to treat depression and thus promote the person's quality of life. In some cases, the psychiatrist may indicate the use of some medications for depression. See how depression treatment is done.
2. Love or family problems
Family problems such as loss of parents, separation, frequent fights and arguments, not having space at home to express their emotions or not feeling loved and understood by the partner in the relationship, are factors that increase the anguish, which can lead a person to think about suicide.
What to do: Finding time to talk in a calm and thoughtful way and providing a balanced environment within the home or within the romantic relationship, can help the person to feel best. More important than pointing out the mistakes of the other, it is expressing feelings calmly and without judgment, showing only that you want to be understood.
3. Use of drugs or alcohol
Alcoholism and drug use also favor suicide, because in most cases the abuse of these substances happens as a way to "forget" the problems, especially when the person is going through a moment of anguish or frustration. In addition, acting on these substances in the brain modifies brain functions, the state of consciousness and thinking, favoring self-destructive ideas.
What to do: in case of addiction, it is best to seek treatment for chemical dependence, but if the use of these substances is sporadic or recent, it may be possible to stop using, without the need for hospitalization.Occupying time with outdoor activities can help to distract the mind.
Bullying happens when other people denigrate the image or even physically attack the victim who feels helpless, this being a common situation in childhood and adolescence, although it is a crime. Thus, as a consequence of bullying, the person may feel more distressed and insecure, which can also increase the risk of having suicidal thoughts. Learn more about bullying and consequences.
What to do: Bullying is a common situation to happen in schools and, therefore, it is important to be informed in the educational institution about bullying so that it is possible adopt strategies that avoid this practice. In addition, it is important that the person who is being bullied is accompanied by a psychologist, so that the consequences can be prevented.
5. Emotional trauma
Having been a victim of sexual abuse or mistreatment are factors that favor suicidal thoughts, because the person feels trapped by problems and cannot deal with the pain he feels daily. Over time, the pain does not decrease and the person becomes distressed and depressed, which favors suicidal thoughts, because the person may feel that taking their own life is the best solution to solve the problem.
What to do: Emotional trauma should be treated under the supervision of a psychiatrist, with calming medicines to sleep better. Participating in self-help support groups is also a big help in stopping emotional, and even physical, pain. Listening to the stories of other people who have been through the same situation and doing tasks that are indicated in these groups is also part of the treatment to overcome trauma. Check out the consequences and how to deal with sexual abuse.
6. Diagnosis of diseases
When you have the diagnosis of a disease that is more limiting, such as neurological changes, tumors, multiple sclerosis or diseases that have no cure, and HIV infection, for example, some people can get very distressed and think only on the negative side. Thus, in some cases it is possible to have an increase in suicidal thoughts.
What to do: It is important to have psychological support after the diagnosis of the disease, so that it is possible to better deal with the situation, in addition to following the treatment recommended by the doctor so that it is possible to promote the person's quality of life.
How to prevent suicide
To avoid thoughts and planning of suicide in young people, it is important to be aware of the signs that may indicate that a person is considering taking their own life. Sudden changes in mood, aggression, depression and the use of phrases that may suggest suicide should serve as a warning.However, just identifying the signs is not enough and, therefore, it is very important to seek professional help, with a psychologist or psychiatrist to define strategies to stop thinking about taking life.
Strengthening the affective bond with family, friends and having psychological support can help to have more satisfying interpersonal relationships and increase the perception of support, thus improving the young person's well-being and quality of life. In addition, it is possible to contact the Centro de Valorização da Vida through the number 188, which is available 24 hours a day, and whose objective is to provide emotional support and prevent suicide.