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General Practice 2023

As é treatment of Erythema infectiosum ("Slap Sickness Diseaseça")

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As é treatment of Erythema infectiosum ("Slap Sickness Diseaseça")
As é treatment of Erythema infectiosum ("Slap Sickness Diseaseça")

There is no specific medication to fight the virus that causes erythema infectiosum, also popularly known as slap disease, and therefore, the treatment plan in order to relieve symptoms such as redness in the cheeks, fever and discomfort, until the body manages to eliminate the virus.

Thus, the treatment, which should be prescribed by the pediatrician or dermatologist, usually involves rest and the ingestion of:

  • Antihistamines, to reduce the redness of the cheeks and other parts of the body such as back, arms, trunk, thighs and buttocks;
  • Antipyretic Remedies, to control fever;
  • Analgesics to relieve pain and general discomfort.

Red spots on the cheek usually appear between 2 and 7 days after contact with the virus, parvovirus B19, and usually regress in 1 to 4 days until they disappear, being the period of greatest risk of contagion of the disease. it is before the appearance of the spots.

When the red spots appear on the skin, there is no longer a risk of transmitting the disease, but it is advisable to stay at home for the first 3 days of the appearance of symptoms such as malaise and fever. Even if the spots on the skin have not completely disappeared, it is already advisable to return to day care, school or work.

Check out the symptoms that can help identify a case of erythema infectiosum.

What care should be taken during treatment

Since this disease is more common in children, it is very important that in addition to taking the treatment recommended by the doctor, adequate hydration is maintained, as fever can cause water loss.

Therefore, it is recommended to regularly offer water, coconut water or natural juices to the child, in order to maintain adequate water levels.

Also, as it is a contagious disease, which can be transmitted through saliva and pulmonary secretions, it is important:

  • Wash your hands regularly;
  • Avoid sneezing or coughing without covering your mouth;
  • Avoid sharing objects that come into contact with the mouth.

After the appearance of spots on the skin, the risk of contagion is much lower, however, this type of measures must be maintained to ensure that there is no transmission.

Signs of improvement

Signs of improvement from this infection appear about 3 to 4 days after the appearance of the spots and include a decrease in fever, disappearance of the red spots and greater disposition.

Signs of worsening

Usually there is no worsening of the condition, as the virus is eliminated by the body, however, if a very high fever arises, above 39ÂșC or if the child is very still, it is important to go back to the doctor to reassess the case.

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