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Symptoms 2023

Rectal prolapse: main symptoms and diagnosis

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Rectal prolapse: main symptoms and diagnosis
Rectal prolapse: main symptoms and diagnosis

Rectal prolapse is characterized by abdominal pain, a sensation of incomplete evacuation, difficulty defecating, burning in the anus and a feeling of heaviness in the rectum, in addition to being able to see the rectum, which is a dark red and moist tissue in tube shape.

Rectal prolapse is more common from the age of 60 due to weakening of the muscles in the region, however it can also happen in children due to lack of muscle development, or due to force performed at the time of evacuation..

Main symptoms

The main symptom of rectal prolapse is the observation of dark red, moist, tube-shaped tissue outside the anus. Other symptoms associated with rectal prolapse are:

  • Difficulty defecating;
  • Sensation of incomplete evacuation;
  • Abdominal cramps;
  • Changes in bowel habits;
  • Diarrhea;
  • Presence of mucus or blood in the stool;
  • Sensation of the presence of a mass in the anal region;
  • Bleeding from the anus;
  • Sensation of pressure and heaviness in the rectum;
  • Discomfort and burning sensation in the anus.

Rectal prolapse is more common in women over 60 years of age, due to weak anal muscle and in people with a prolonged history of constipation due to intense straining to have a bowel movement.

However, rectal prolapse can also occur in children up to 3 years of age because the muscles and ligaments of the rectum are still developing.

Treatment for rectal prolapse

Treatment for rectal prolapse involves pressing one buttock against the other, manually inserting the rectum into the anus, increasing the intake of high-fiber foods and drinking about 2 liters of water a day. Surgery may also be recommended in cases where rectal prolapse is frequent. Here's what to do in case of rectal prolapse.

How the diagnosis is made

The diagnosis of rectal prolapse is made by the doctor by means of the evaluation of the anal orifice of the person standing or crouching with force, so the doctor can assess the extent of the prolapse and indicate the best form of treatment.

In addition, the doctor can perform the digital rectal examination in addition to other tests such as radiography with contrast, colonoscopy and sigmoidoscopy, which is an exam done to evaluate the mucosa of the final part of the intestine. Understand what sigmoidoscopy is and how it is performed.

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