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General Practice 2023

Héumbilical hernia surgery: as é made and recoverção

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Héumbilical hernia surgery: as é made and recoverção
Héumbilical hernia surgery: as é made and recoverção

Surgery for umbilical hernia, also called herniorrhaphy, is mainly indicated for children from 5 years old and adults and aims to correct the hernia and prevent it from reappearing, preventing the development of complications, such as intestinal infection.

Umbilical hernia is characterized by a swelling in or around the navel, which is formed by fat or by a part of the small or large intestine that has managed to pass through the abdominal muscle, due to increased abdominal pressure, in overweight cases, for example.

Usually, an umbilical hernia does not cause symptoms, but if it is very large, the person may experience pain and nausea, especially when exerting some kind of effort, such as lifting a heavy box or bending down to pick up an object from the floor.See all the symptoms that could indicate a hernia.

Preparing for umbilical hernia surgery

Before surgery for umbilical hernia, tests are usually requested to assess the person's general he alth status, such as blood count, blood glucose, urea, creatinine, electrocardiogram and chest X-ray.

In addition, it may be recommended that the day before surgery the person avoids physical activity, suspends the use of anticoagulant drugs and fasts for at least 8 hours. See more details on preparing for umbilical hernia surgery.

How it's made

Surgery for umbilical hernia is simple and can be done through a cut in the abdominal region or by videolaparoscopy, which consists of making small holes in the abdominal region in order to correct the hernia.

In surgery with a cut in the abdomen, epidural anesthesia is required.After the cut is made, the hernia is pushed into the belly and the abdominal wall is closed with stitches. Usually the doctor places a mesh in the region to prevent a new hernia from appearing at the site.

On the other hand, in the case of videolaparoscopy surgery, general anesthesia is required and 3 small 'holes' are made in the abdomen to allow the entry of the microcamera and other instruments that the doctor needs to push the hernia into the its proper place, also placing the screen to prevent it from appearing again.

Recovery from umbilical hernia surgery

In the case of laparoscopic surgery, recovery is faster and normally the person is only hospitalized for 1 or 2 days, being able to return to their usual activities in 2 weeks. In this case, the surgery scar is very small, there is less postoperative pain and the risk of infection is lower.

Some important precautions while the person does not fully recover are:

  • Avoid picking up objects heavier than 5 kg during the first month after surgery and up to 10 kg after 3 months;
  • Place your hand or a pillow over the stitches, applying a little pressure if you need to cough;
  • The diet can be normal, but if it is rich in fiber it can be more comfortable to have a bowel movement, without pain;
  • It is only recommended to drive, when you do not feel abdominal pain, about 3 to 5 days after surgery;
  • You can shower even with the surgery dressing. Go to the doctor if the area has an infected appearance, such as a bad smell, red, with secretion and pus.

Also, wearing a brace can help you feel more comfortable. You can buy this umbilical hernia strap at hospital supply stores or online.

How to facilitate healing

Eating foods rich in lean protein, such as eggs, chicken breast and fish, is an excellent way to promote tissue growth to close the surgical wound.Also, one should drink plenty of fluids to keep the skin well hydrated and elastic. However, foods known as "remos" should be avoided because they are high in sugar or fat, such as ham, sausage, pork, bacon and fried foods, as they make healing difficult. Check out some options for remosos food.

You should also avoid gaining weight, smoking, drinking carbonated drinks or alcohol, in addition to keeping your blood pressure under control, as all these factors contribute to the formation of a new hernia.

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