Table of contents:
- Main consequences of early pregnancy
- Causes of early pregnancy
- What to do in case of teenage pregnancy
The World He alth Organization considers early pregnancy whenever a girl becomes pregnant before age 19, with most cases occurring between 15 and 19 years of age. Early pregnancy is usually due to culture, low economic status and difficult access to contraceptive methods.
Pregnancy at an early stage of life, such as adolescence, can result in several consequences for both the pregnant woman and the baby, such as depression during and after pregnancy, premature birth and increased blood pressure.
Main consequences of early pregnancy
Early pregnancy can have several consequences for both the mother and the baby, which can have physical, psychological and socioeconomic impacts:
1. Physical consequences
Due to the fact that the woman is not fully physically ready for a pregnancy, there is a greater chance of premature birth, early water rupture and miscarriage, for example.
In addition, it is possible that weight loss, anemia and changes in the process of formation of placental blood vessels may occur, which may result in increased blood pressure, which situation is called preeclampsia. Understand what preeclampsia is.
2. Psychological consequences
Most girls who are in an early pregnancy are not emotionally prepared to be mothers, so it is common to develop depression, both during pregnancy and postpartum. There may also be a decrease in self-esteem and affective problems between the mother and the baby.
3. Socioeconomic consequences
It is very common that during and after pregnancy the woman has to abandon studies or work, as it can be difficult to reconcile the two, in addition to suffering immense pressure from society, often from her own family in relation to the marriage and the fact that she was pregnant while still in her teens.
In addition, being pregnant is often considered a reason for companies not to hire, as it tends to represent a greater expense for the company, since within a few months they will be on maternity leave.
4. Consequences for the baby
The fact that a woman is not prepared physically and emotionally can increase the chances of premature birth, low birth weight and even the risk of changes in the child's development.
Due to all the implications that early pregnancy can cause, this type of pregnancy is considered a high-risk pregnancy and must be monitored by qualified he alth professionals to avoid or reduce the impact of the consequences. Know the risks of teenage pregnancy.
Causes of early pregnancy
The main causes of early pregnancy are due to several different factors, but can include:
- First period too early;
- Misinformation about pregnancy and contraceptive methods;
- Low financial and social status;
- Families with other cases of early pregnancy;
- Conflicts and bad family environment.
Early pregnancy can happen in any social class, but it is more frequent in low-income families, since young women, due to lack of family goals or incentives in relation to studies, often come to believe that having a child represents a life project.
What to do in case of teenage pregnancy
In case of early pregnancy, what the young woman can do is make an appointment with the doctor to start prenatal care and tell her family to get the necessary support.
Psychologists and obstetricians, as well as nurses and social workers must be informed so that there is a correct prenatal surveillance to reduce complications in the mother and baby.This type of follow-up also helps to prevent a new teenage pregnancy and encourage the young mother to return to school.
See what precautions are taken during teenage pregnancy.