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General Practice 2023

Pressão na Cabeçaça: 8 main causes and what to do

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Pressão na Cabeçaça: 8 main causes and what to do
Pressão na Cabeçaça: 8 main causes and what to do
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The feeling of pressure in the head is a very common type of pain and can be caused by stress, bad posture, dental problems and can also be a sign of a disease such as migraine, sinusitis, labyrinthitis and even meningitis.

Generally, creating the habit of performing relaxation activities, meditation, such as yoga exercises, acupuncture and using painkillers are measures that relieve pressure on the head. However, if the pain is constant and lasts for more than 48 hours in a row, it is recommended to seek care from a general practitioner or neurologist to assess the causes of this sensation and indicate the most appropriate treatment.

1. Migraine

Migraine is a type of headache, more common in women, which is caused by changes in the blood flow of the brain and in the activity of the cells of the nervous system, being able to be hereditary, that is, people who have close family members with this condition may also develop migraine.

Migraine symptoms are triggered by some situations such as stress, weather changes, caffeine-based food intake and can vary from one person to another, but they are usually pressure on the head, with an average duration of 3 hours up to 72 hours, nausea, vomiting, sensitivity to light and sound and difficulty concentrating. See more other migraine symptoms.

What to do: if the sensation of pressure in the head, present in migraine, is constant or worsens after 3 days, it is necessary to consult a neurologist to indicate the most appropriate treatment, which is usually based on the use of pain relievers such as analgesics, muscle relaxants and triptans, known as sumatriptan and zolmitriptan.

2. Stress and Anxiety

Emotional stress and anxiety can cause physical changes, such as a feeling of pressure in the head, and this happens because these feelings make the body's muscles more stretched and lead to an increase in the hormone cortisol.

In addition to pressure on the head, these feelings can cause discomfort, cold sweat, shortness of breath and increased heart rate, so it is important to take measures that contribute to reducing stress and anxiety, such as doing activities that involve meditation, such as yoga, and performing some type of aromatherapy. Learn more steps to overcome anxiety.

What to do: If stress and anxiety do not improve with changing habits and relaxation activities, it is important to see a psychiatrist, as these feelings are often life-threatening personal, make relationships between people difficult and influence work, requiring the use of specific medications, such as anxiolytics.

3. Sinusitis

Sinusitis happens due to inflammation caused by bacteria, viruses or fungi, in the region of the sinuses, which are bony cavities that are around the nose, cheekbones and around the eyes. This inflammation causes an accumulation of secretions, causing an increase in pressure in these areas, so it is possible to feel the sensation of pressure in the head.

There may be other symptoms in addition to pressure on the head, such as nasal obstruction, greenish or yellowish phlegm, cough, excessive tiredness, burning eyes and fever.

What to do: if these symptoms appear, the ideal is to look for an otorhinolaryngologist to indicate the correct treatment that consists of the use of anti-inflammatory drugs and, in cases where the sinusitis is caused by bacteria, antibiotics may be recommended. To improve the symptoms of this disease, it is also necessary to drink plenty of water during the day and wash the nose with saline solution, to drain the accumulated secretions.See more about how to do a nasal wash to unclog your nose.

4. Arterial hypertension

High blood pressure, better known as high blood pressure, is a chronic disease that is characterized by keeping blood pressure in the arteries very high and usually happens when the values ​​exceed 140 x 90 mmHg, or 14 by 9. person measuring the pressure and the values ​​are high does not necessarily mean that it is arterial hypertension, so to be sure of the diagnosis it is necessary to carry out a continuous check of pressure.

Symptoms of high blood pressure can be pressure in the head, neck pain, nausea, blurred vision and malaise and the emergence of these signs are associated with cigarette use, excessive consumption of alcoholic beverages, ingestion of fatty foods and with too much s alt, lack of physical exercise and obesity.

What to do: high blood pressure has no cure, but there are medications to control the values ​​and should be recommended by a general practitioner or cardiologist.In addition to medication, it is necessary to make a change in lifestyle, such as eating a balanced, low-s alt diet.

5. Labyrinth

Labyrinthitis occurs when the labyrinth nerve, located inside the ear, becomes inflamed because of a virus or bacteria causing pressure in the head, tinnitus, nausea, dizziness, lack of balance and vertigo, which is a sensation of that surrounding objects are rotating.

This alteration can also arise because of an injury in the ear region and can be triggered by the consumption of certain foods or by boat or plane trips. See more how to identify labyrinthitis.

What to do: when these symptoms appear, it is important to consult an otolaryngologist who may request tests to confirm the diagnosis of labyrinthitis. Once you are sure that it is labyrinthitis, your doctor may recommend medication to reduce the inflammation of the labyrinth nerve and to relieve symptoms, which may be dramin or meclin.

6. Dental problems

Some dental or dental problems can lead to pressure on the head, tinnitus and earache, such as changes in the way of chewing food, bruxism, dental infiltration due to cavities. In some cases, these changes also cause swelling in the mouth and noises when moving the jaw, such as clicking. See more about identifying tooth decay.

What to do: as soon as symptoms appear, it is necessary to seek dental care to perform exams, check the condition of the teeth and analyze chewing movements. Treatment for these dental problems depends on the cause, however, root canal treatment may be required, for example.

7. Meningitis

Meningitis is an infection of the protective membranes that surround the brain and spinal cord and is most often caused by a bacterial or viral infection.Infectious meningitis can be acquired through the spread of microorganisms through sneezing, coughing and sharing utensils such as cutlery and toothbrush. Learn more about how to get meningitis.

Meningitis can also be caused by other diseases, such as lupus or cancer, very strong blows to the head, and even excessive use of certain drugs. The main symptoms of meningitis can be headache, pressure-like pain, stiffness in the neck, presenting difficulties to put the chin on the chest, fever, red spots spread over the body and excessive sleepiness.

What to do: When suspecting meningitis, seek medical attention immediately so that exams are performed, such as MRI and CSF evaluation, in order to confirm the diagnosis and start treatment earlier, which is usually carried out in a hospital by administering medication directly into the vein.

8. Bad posture

Poor posture or inadequate posture, during the period of work or study, leaves the body very contracted and can generate an overload of the joints and muscles of the spine, causing changes and leading to the appearance of pressure in the head and back pain. Lack of movement and staying in one place or staying seated for long periods are harmful to the body and also cause these symptoms.

What to do: for symptoms to be relieved, it is necessary to maintain the practice of physical exercises, such as swimming and walking, and it is possible to feel improvements in head pressure and pain in the spine through stretching activities.

Watch the video teaching ways to improve posture:

When to go to the doctor

You should seek medical attention quickly if symptoms such as: appear in addition to the feeling of pressure in the head.

  • Asymmetrical face;
  • Loss of consciousness;
  • Numbness or tingling in the arms;
  • Lack of sensation on one side of the body;
  • Seizures.

These signs may indicate a stroke or increased intracranial pressure and these situations require urgent medical attention, so when they arise it is necessary to call the SAMU ambulance immediately, on 192.

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