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General Practice 2023

How to prepare for surgery

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How to prepare for surgery
How to prepare for surgery

Before and after any surgery, there are some fundamental precautions that contribute to the safety of the surgery and the well-being of the patient. Before performing any surgery, it is essential to carry out routine exams indicated by the doctor, such as an electrocardiogram, for example, which assess the general he alth status and contraindications to anesthesia or the surgical procedure.

In consultations before the procedure, you should inform the doctor about chronic diseases such as diabetes or hypertension and about medication you usually use, as they can increase the risk of bleeding during or after surgery, for example.

10 Care Before Surgery

Before performing the surgery, in addition to the indications provided by the doctor, it is important to respect the following precautions:

  1. Talk to your doctor and clarify all your doubts and study the specific guidelines for the surgery you are going to perform, about how the surgical procedure will be and what care is expected after the surgery;
  2. Tell your doctor about chronic illnesses such as diabetes or high blood pressure and about medicines used in everyday life,
  3. Stop using aspirin or derivatives, arnica, ginkgo biloba, natural or homeopathic remedies 2 weeks before and 2 weeks after surgery, without medical advice;
  4. Avoid extreme or restrictive diets, as they can deprive the body of certain nutrients that contribute to rapid recovery and healing; Bet on a he althy diet rich in healing foods such as milk, yogurt, orange and pineapple. Discover other foods with this property in Healing foods;
  5. Try to ensure that you will have the help of family members or trained professionals during the first days of recovery after surgery, as it is necessary to rest and avoid exertion;
  6. If you smoke, stop smoking 1 month before surgery;
  7. Avoid drinking alcohol in the 7 days before surgery;
  8. On the day of surgery, you should be fasting, and it is recommended to stop eating or drinking until midnight the day before;
  9. To the hospital or clinic, you should take 2 comfortable clothes, which do not have buttons and are easy to put on, underwear and some personal hygiene products such as a toothbrush and toothpaste. In addition, you must also take all the exams performed and necessary documents;
  10. Do not apply creams or lotions to the skin on the day of surgery, especially in the area where the operation will be performed.

Before any surgery, it is common to have symptoms of fear, insecurity and anxiety, which are normal because any surgery always has its risks.To reduce fear and anxiety, you should clarify all doubts with your doctor and learn about the potential risks of the procedure.

5 Care After Surgery

After surgery, recovery depends on the type of surgery performed and the body's response, but there are some precautions that must be respected, such as:

  1. Avoid ingestion of food or liquids, especially in the first 3 to 5 hours after the procedure, as nausea and vomiting caused by anesthesia are normal. The diet on the day of surgery should be light, opting for teas, cookies and soups, depending on the body's reaction.
  2. Rest and avoid exertion in the first days of recovery, to avoid the rupture of the stitches and possible complications;
  3. Respect the days when it is necessary to bandage the operated region and
  4. Protect the wound by making the dressing waterproof, when bathing or when performing your personal hygiene;
  5. Watch for signs of infection or inflammation in the surgery scar, checking for symptoms of swelling, pain, redness or bad smell.

When recovery is done at home, it is very important to know exactly how and when to bandage and what to eat. In addition, only the doctor can indicate when it is possible to return to physical activity and work, as the time varies according to the type of surgery performed and the body's response.

During the recovery period, diet is also especially important, and sweets, soft drinks, fried foods or sausages should be avoided, which hinder blood circulation and wound healing.

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