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Symptoms 2023

Infecção no útero: symptoms, causes and treatment

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Infecção no útero: symptoms, causes and treatment
Infecção no útero: symptoms, causes and treatment
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Infection in the uterus, also called uterine infection, can be caused by viruses, fungi, bacteria and parasites that can be acquired sexually or be due to an imbalance of the woman's own genital microbiota, as is the case of infection by Gardnerella spp. and by Candida spp., for example.

Thus, according to the infectious agent responsible for the infection, the woman may present some symptoms, such as vaginal discharge, pain during or after sexual intercourse, vaginal bleeding outside the menstrual period and fever, for example, being important consult the gynecologist.

The treatment of infection in the uterus varies according to the infectious agent, and the gynecologist may recommend that the treatment be done with the use of pills or ointments.It is important that the treatment is also carried out by the partner, even if there are no symptoms, because this way it is possible to prevent the development of infection and the emergence of complications.

Main symptoms

The symptoms of infection in the uterus are more common in women who are sexually active, and may vary according to the infectious agent responsible for the infection. In general, the main symptoms of uterine infection are:

  • Constant discharge, with a bad smell, white, yellowish, brown or gray;
  • Vaginal bleeding outside the menstrual period;
  • Pain during intercourse or shortly after;
  • Pain in belly, with feeling of pressure;
  • Itching, in some cases;
  • Fever.

Although the symptoms are common, not all women with an infection in the uterus have all the symptoms and, in addition, there is a possibility that they have an infection in the uterus and do not have any symptoms, as can happen with cervicitis, which is inflammation in the cervix.Know how to identify the signs and symptoms of changes in the uterus.

How the diagnosis is made

The diagnosis of infection in the uterus is made by the gynecologist based on the evaluation of the signs and symptoms presented by the woman. In addition, a gynecological examination is performed with the aim of evaluating the woman's genital region and blood, urine and imaging tests, such as abdominal and transvaginal ultrasound, for example.

Causes of uterine infection

Infection in the uterus can be caused by viruses, fungi, bacteria and parasites, and can be favored by some situations, such as:

  • Sexual intercourse with multiple partners;
  • Do not use condoms in all sexual relations;
  • Lack of intimate hygiene;
  • Use of chemical or synthetic products such as latex;
  • Injuries to the vagina caused by childbirth;
  • Frequent douching;
  • Wearing tight clothing.

Among the main infectious agents related to uterine infections are HIV and HPV, which are sexually transmitted, fungi of the Candida genus, the bacteria Neisseria gonorrhoeae and Chlamydia trachomatis, which are sexually transmitted, and Gardnerella spp., which is part of the normal female genital microbiota, but which is also associated with infections, and the parasite Trichomonas vaginalis.

How to be treated

Treatment for infection in the uterus should be done according to the gynecologist's guidance and may vary according to the infectious agent and signs and symptoms presented by the woman. It is recommended that treatment be carried out by both the woman and her partner, even if there are no signs or symptoms.

The recommended treatment can be the use of antibiotics, anti-inflammatory, antiviral, antifungal or antiparasitic, which can be in the form of pills, creams or eggs that must be applied directly to the vagina.Learn more about treatment for changes in the uterus.

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