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Liposuction is a cosmetic surgery that removes excess fat from the body and improves body contour. the chin, for example.
Although the best results are obtained in people with localized fat, as the amount to be removed is smaller, this technique can also be used by those who are trying to lose weight, although this should not be the biggest motivation. In these cases, surgery should only be performed after starting a regular exercise plan and adopting he althy eating habits.
Furthermore, liposuction can be performed on both men and women, using local, epidural or general anesthesia, and its risks are common to any other surgery. Serum and adrenaline are always used to prevent bleeding and embolism.
Who has the best results
Although it can be done on almost everyone, even on women who are still breastfeeding or on people who easily get keloid scars, the best results are achieved in people who:
- They are the right weight, but have some fat located in a specific area;
- Slightly overweight, up to 5 kg;
- They are overweight with a BMI up to 30 Kg/m², and they cannot eliminate fat only with food and exercise plan. Find your BMI here.
In cases of people who have a BMI greater than 30 kg/m², there is an increased risk of complications from this type of surgery and, therefore, you should try to lose weight before having the surgery.
Furthermore, liposuction should not be used as a single method to lose weight, because, if this happens, there are high chances that the person will regain the weight they had before the surgery.This is because the surgery does not prevent the emergence of new fat cells, which normally happens when there is no adoption of a more balanced diet and regular exercise.
Due to the increased risk of complications, liposuction should be avoided in:
- People over 60 years old;
- Patients with a BMI equal to or greater than 30.0 kg/m2;
- Individuals with a history of heart problems such as heart attack or stroke;
- Patients with anemia or other changes in the blood test;
- Patients with chronic diseases such as lupus or severe diabetes, for example.
A person who is a smoker or suffers from HIV can undergo liposuction, however, they are also at greater risk of developing complications during or after surgery.
Therefore, it is very important to consult with an experienced surgeon before trying the surgery, to assess the entire clinical history and identify whether the benefits outweigh the risk of surgery.
In the first 2 days after the surgery, you should stay at home, resting. It is recommended to use a belt or band that presses well the operated area and in the following days manual lymphatic drainage should be performed with a physical therapist.
It is also recommended to walk about 10 to 15 minutes a day to improve blood circulation in the legs. After 15 days, light exercises can be done, which should progress until completing 30 days. During this recovery phase, it is normal for some areas to be more swollen than others and, therefore, to evaluate the results, it is necessary to wait at least 6 months. Learn more about how liposuction is performed and what recovery is like.