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Reduction mammoplasty: as é done, recoverção and risks

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Reduction mammoplasty: as é done, recoverção and risks
Reduction mammoplasty: as é done, recoverção and risks
Anonim

Reduction mammaplasty is a surgery to reduce the size and volume of the breasts, being indicated when the woman has constant back and neck pain or has a curved trunk, causing changes in the spine due to the weight of the breasts. However, this surgery can also be performed for aesthetic reasons, especially when the woman does not like the size of her breasts and her self-esteem is affected.

Generally, breast reduction surgery can be performed from the age of 18, as in most cases, the breast is already fully developed and recovery takes about 1 month, requiring the use of a bra during the day and night.

Furthermore, the results of the surgery are better and the breast looks more beautiful when, in addition to the reduction mammaplasty, the woman also performs a mastopexy during the same procedure, which is another type of surgery and aims to lift the mom.Discover the main options for plastic surgery for the breast.

How is breast reduction performed

Before performing breast reduction surgery, the doctor recommends performing blood tests and mammography and may also adjust the doses of some current medications and recommend avoiding medications such as aspirin, anti-inflammatory drugs and natural remedies, because they can increase bleeding, in addition to recommending to stop smoking for about 1 month before.

The surgery is performed under general anesthesia, takes an average of 2 hours and, during the operation, the plastic surgeon:

  1. Performs cuts in the breast to remove excess fat, breast tissue and skin;
  2. Repositions the breast, and decreases the size of the areola;
  3. Stitches or uses surgical glue to prevent scarring.

In most cases, the woman has to stay in the hospital for about 1 day to check if she is stable. See also how to make your breasts smaller without surgery.

What is recovery like

After the surgery you may feel some pain, it is important to wear a bra with good support, both day and night, only lie on your back and take the painkillers indicated by the doctor, such as Paracetamol or Tramadol, for example.

Generally, the stitches should be removed about 8 to 15 days after the surgery and, during this time, rest should be avoided, avoiding excessive movement of the arms and trunk, and not going to the gym or driving.

In some cases, the woman can still have a drain for about 3 days to drain any excess blood and fluid that may accumulate in the body, preventing complications such as infection or seroma. See how to care for drains after surgery.

In the first 6 months after surgery, it is also advised to avoid heavier physical exercises, especially those involving arm movements such as lifting weights or weight training, for example.

Does breast reduction surgery leave a scar?

Reduction mammoplasty may leave a small scar at the cut sites, usually around the breast, but the size of the scar varies with the size and shape of the breast and the surgeon's ability.

Some common types of scars can be "L", "I", inverted "T" or around the areola, as in the image.

Most frequent complications

The risks of reduction mammaplasty are related to the general risks of any surgery, such as infection, bleeding and anesthesia reactions such as tremors and headache.

In addition, there may be loss of sensation in the nipples, irregularities in the breasts, opening of stitches, keloid scarring, darkening or bruising. Know the risks of plastic surgery.

Breast removal surgery in men

In the case of men, reduction mammoplasty is performed in cases of gynecomastia, which is characterized by the enlargement of the breasts in men and the amount of fat located in the chest region is usually removed. Understand what gynecomastia is and how to treat it.

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