Lumbar pain is pain that occurs in the lower back and can be the result of poor posture or repetitive strain, for example, being easily resolved with rest and light massage at the pain site.
However, when the pain becomes intense and constant, or other symptoms arise such as leg or gluteal pain, shortness of breath, a feeling of numbness or tingling in the back and/or difficulty performing movements, it is important go to the doctor so that the symptoms are evaluated, the diagnosis is made and, thus, the treatment can be started.
Treatment for low back pain, also called low back pain, can be done with the use of muscle relaxants or anti-inflammatory drugs, depending on the type of pain and medical advice, in addition to physiotherapy sessions for strengthening musculature and relief of symptoms.
The main causes of low back pain are:
1. Bad posture
Poor posture is one of the main causes of pain at the end of the spine, because the incorrect posture when sitting, for example, can cause a lot of pressure on the coccyx, resulting in lower back pain.
What to do: If the pain at the end of the spine is the result of bad posture, you can get up throughout the day to stretch and give a light massage at the place of the pain. In addition, it is important to correct posture to avoid further pain or the emergence of other problems. Check out 5 tips to achieve the correct posture.
2. Repetitive effort
The practice of repetitive activities that involve the lower back, such as riding a bicycle or bending down many times during the day, can cause inflammation of the muscles and ligaments in the region, resulting in pain at the end of the spine.In addition, performing exercises with weight on the back can also favor inflammation of the muscles of the lower back, resulting in pain.
What to do: In case of pain at the end of the spine due to repetitive strain, it is recommended to rest and, if necessary, take anti-inflammatory drugs, such as Diclofenac, for example, to relieve symptoms. However, if the pain does not go away even with the use of anti-inflammatory drugs, it is important to go to the orthopedist to investigate the cause of the pain.
3. Sciatic nerve inflammation
The sciatic nerve starts at the end of the spine and, when inflamed or compressed, can cause severe pain in the lower back, in addition to pain in the buttocks and legs. Inflammation of the sciatic nerve can cause, in addition to pain, difficulty keeping the spine straight and lowering and pain when walking. Learn more about the sciatic nerve.
What to do: When you notice the first symptoms of inflammation in the sciatic nerve, it is important to consult an orthopedist so that the diagnosis is made and treatment can be started, which can be done with the use of anti-inflammatories to relieve symptoms, in addition to physiotherapy sessions to reduce pain, inflammation and strengthen the lumbar and thus improve the quality of life.
See what to do to relieve the symptoms of sciatic nerve inflammation in the following video:
4. Disc herniation
A herniated disc happens when the intervertebral disc comes out of place, leading to compression of the nerves in the region and resulting in pain in the lower back. In addition to pain at the end of the spine, there may be difficulty walking and bending down, weakness of the legs and even a change in the functioning of the bladder due to compression of the local nerves. Learn about the symptoms of a herniated disc.
What to do: When a herniated disc is suspected, it is important to go to the orthopedist so that the diagnosis is made through the evaluation of symptoms and imaging tests, like the X-ray. In addition, it is important to carry out physiotherapy sessions to improve the person's quality of life. See how physical therapy treatment for herniated discs is done.
5. Kidney stone
The main symptom of kidney stones is acute pain in the lower back, more precisely in the lateral region, which arises due to the presence of kidney stones that cause inflammation and obstruction of the flow of urine in the urinary tract. See what are the signs and symptoms of kidney stones.
What to do: If symptoms characteristic of renal crisis appear, it is important to consult a nephrologist so that tests can be carried out to identify the presence of stones and their size so that you can define the best form of treatment. However, to prevent the formation of kidney stones, it is important to have a he althy lifestyle, with a balanced diet and regular exercise, in addition to drinking at least 2 liters of water throughout the day. Learn what to do to relieve renal colic.