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General Practice 2023

Neckacheço: what it can be (and what to do)

Neckacheço: what it can be (and what to do)
Neckacheço: what it can be (and what to do)

Neck pain on the right or left side is a common problem that is usually related to muscle tension caused by situations such as excessive stress, sleeping in an awkward position or using the computer for a long time, for example.

However, neck pain can also have more serious causes, such as spinal disorders, herniated discs, or infections such as tonsillitis, osteomyelitis, or meningitis.

Thus, when the neck pain lasts for more than 1 week or does not improve with the application of warm compresses and analgesic intake, such as Paracetamol, it is recommended to consult an orthopedist to initiate the appropriate treatment.

1. Muscle tension

Having an incorrect posture for long periods of time, such as when reading, at the computer, or even sleeping in the wrong position, can cause muscle tension. In addition, muscle tension can also be caused by bruxism, which consists of grinding your teeth during sleep, causing a feeling of heaviness from the neck to the ear.

What to do: can be relieved by placing hot compresses on the region, with analgesic and anti-inflammatory medications, adopting more appropriate body postures, through exercises to strengthen neck muscles and rest. In cases of bruxism, it can be treated with the use of a specific denture, recommended by the dentist. Learn more about bruxism and its causes.

2. Torticollis

Torticollis usually happens during the night, and the person wakes up with difficulty moving the neck, but it can also happen when turning the neck to the right or left side too quickly, which can cause a spasm muscle.In torticollis it is easy to identify the site of pain and only one side is affected.

What to do: Putting on a hot compress and letting it act for 15 to 20 minutes can help with pain relief, but there are other techniques that eliminate torticollis in a few minutes. Watch the video:

3. Osteoarthritis

Osteoarthritis in the spine, also known as osteoarthritis of the spine or spondyloarthrosis, is the wear and tear of cartilage in the joints of the spine, causing symptoms such as pain and difficulty moving the back.

What to do: Arthritis has no cure, but it can be treated with medications such as analgesics, such as Paracetamol, opioids, such as Tramadol, anti- inflammatory, such as Ketoprofen or Ibuprofen in tablet or ointment or even Glucosamine Sulfate or Chondroitin, which are food supplements that help to regenerate cartilage. Learn more about treating osteoarthritis.

4. Cervical disc herniation

The herniated disc consists of the displacement of part of the intervertebral disc, which is the region between the two vertebrae, most often caused by wear and tear on the spine and poor posture. Learn more about herniated cervical disc.

One of the main symptoms of cervical herniated disc is neck pain, which can spread to the shoulders, arms and hands, causing a tingling sensation and numbness. decrease in muscle strength and difficulty in moving the neck.

What to do: symptoms can be relieved by placing warm compresses on the painful area by massaging the neck muscles and treatment can be done with medicine as analgesics to relieve pain, such as paracetamol and with muscle relaxants, such as cyclobenzaprine. It is also important to correct your posture to try to reduce the compression of the nerve roots and to do stretches to improve neck movements.Learn more about herniated cervical disc treatments.

5. After an accident

Blows to the neck can happen, for example, due to an accident, when the soft tissues of the neck are stretched, in which the head is pushed backwards and then forwards.

What to do: Your doctor may prescribe strong pain relievers as well as muscle relaxants to relieve pain, but physical therapy may also be required.

6. Rheumatoid arthritis

Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune disease that causes symptoms such as joint pain and has no cure. However, when treatments are done correctly, they can help improve quality of life, reducing symptoms and preventing the disease from getting worse.

What to do: you can choose to do a natural treatment, with the use of plants such as horsetail or eggplant with lemon, or with anti-inflammatory remedies such as ibuprofen or celecoxib, corticosteroids such as prednisolone, or immunosuppressants such as methotrexate or leflunomide.Physiotherapy treatment is a great way to decrease pain, inflammation and improve the quality of movement in the affected joint. See more about treatment for rheumatoid arthritis.

7. Meningitis

Meningitis is a serious inflammation of the meninges, which are the membranes that cover the brain and spinal cord. Usually, this disease is caused by viruses or bacteria, and can arise after a poorly cured flu, for example, but in some cases it can also be caused by strong blows or fungi, especially when the immune system is weakened. One of the most common symptoms of meningitis is stiff neck with intense pain and difficulty putting the chin to the chest. See more about what meningitis is and how to protect yourself.

What to do: the treatment of meningitis depends on its cause, and it can be treated with antibiotics, antivirals or corticosteroids in a hospital setting.

8. Cancer

The appearance of a lump in the neck, in more severe cases, can indicate the presence of cancer and in these cases the lump is accompanied by other symptoms such as neck pain, hoarseness, difficulty swallowing, feeling of a lump in the throat, frequent choking, weight loss and general malaise.

What to do: in the presence of these symptoms you should go to the doctor as soon as possible, so that he can confirm the diagnosis, through exams such as ultrasound and indicate the best treatment. Learn more about what can be a lump in the neck.

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