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Most of the time, hepatitis A virus infection does not lead to the appearance of signs or symptoms, and the infection is only noticed after performing blood tests.
However, in other cases, signs and symptoms may appear around 15 to 40 days after infection, and may be mild and flu-like, such as a headache and a general feeling of malaise.
In more severe cases, where there is greater inflammation of the liver, the symptoms can be different:
- Yellow skin and eyes;
- Faces lighter or yellowish;
- Dark urine;
- Constant low fever;
- Pain in the upper right region of the abdomen;
- Loss of appetite;
- Easy fatigue for no apparent reason;
- Swollen belly;
- Frequent nausea and dizziness;
- Joint pain.
Normally, any of these symptoms disappears within 6 months, but during this period it is also possible that the disease manifests itself in cycles, that is, it appears for a few weeks and disappears again, until it is completely cured.
Since the symptoms of the various types of hepatitis are very similar, it is important to consult a hepatologist to carry out the necessary tests and confirm that it is type A hepatitis, initiating the most appropriate treatment. Check out the main types of hepatitis and what to do.
If you are unsure whether or not you may have hepatitis A, select the symptoms in the test below and check your risk of having hepatitis:
- 1.Pain in the upper right region of the belly Yes No
- 2.Yellowish eye or skin color Yes No
- 3.Yellow, gray or whitish stools Yes No
- 4.Dark urine Yes No
- 5.Constant low fever Yes No
- 6.Joint pain Yes No
- 7.Loss of appetite Yes No
- 8.Frequent feeling sick or dizzy Yes No
- 9.Easy fatigue for no apparent reason Yes No
- 10.Swollen belly Yes No
Make an appointment with a specialist
When it can be serious
In most people this type of hepatitis does not cause serious liver damage, disappearing after a few months. However, in rare cases, liver damage may continue to increase until it causes organ failure, resulting in signs such as:
- Sudden and intense vomiting;
- Ease of bruising or bleeding;
- Increased irritability;
- Memory and concentration problems;
- Dizziness or confusion.
When any of these symptoms appear, it is advisable to go immediately to the hospital to evaluate the functioning of the liver and start treatment, which is usually done with lifestyle changes, such as reducing s alt and protein in the diet, for example. Understand how the treatment for hepatitis A is done.
How transmission happens and how to prevent
The transmission of the hepatitis A virus, HAV, is through the fecal-oral route, that is, it happens through the consumption of food and water contaminated by the virus. Therefore, to avoid transmission, it is important to always wash your hands, drink only treated water and improve hygiene and basic sanitation conditions.Another way to prevent HAV infection is through vaccination, the dose of which can be taken from 12 months onwards. Understand how the hepatitis A vaccine works.
It is important for people with hepatitis A to avoid close contact with others until 1 week after the onset of symptoms due to the ease of transmission of the virus. Therefore, to reduce the risk of transmission, it is important to follow the treatment indicated by the doctor and to have an adequate diet.