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Treatment for worms should be done with the use of anti-parasitic drugs prescribed by the general practitioner or infectious disease specialist, such as Albendazole, Mebendazole, Tinidazole or Metronidazole, depending on the parasite responsible for the infection.
In addition to medication, it is important that the person has some hygiene habits, such as washing their hands frequently or washing the bedding twice a week, to prevent the worm infection from reappearing or infecting others family member.
In this way, all family members must take the medicines and have the same hygiene care as the infected person, avoiding becoming contaminated.
1. Remedies for Worms
The use of antiparasitic drugs is indicated by the general practitioner or infectious disease specialist after diagnosis of infection by pathogenic parasites that cause symptoms, and remedies are indicated according to the parasite responsible for the infection, such as:
- Infection by amoeba and flagellated or ciliated protozoa, such as Dientamoeba fragilis, Entamoeba histolytica, Giardia lamblia and Balantidium coli, Metronidazole, Tinidazole or Secnidazole may be recommended;
- Helminth infection, such as Taenia sp., Hymenolepis nana, Strongyloides stercoralis, Enterobius vermicularis, Ancylostoma duodenale and Ascaris lumbricoides, as the use of Albendazole, Mebendazole, Ivermectin is indicated, Praziquantel or Niclosamide, according to the identified parasite.
Medicines must be prescribed by the doctor and used according to his/her guidance, in addition, during and after treatment, it is important that hygiene measures are maintained to avoid the transmission of eggs and cysts of the parasites.
Remedies for worms can be purchased at the pharmacy in a single dose or syrup for adults and children depending on the doctor's recommendation. See more about worm remedies.
2. Hygiene care to treat worms
Hygiene care is another very important part of the treatment, as it helps to prevent the transmission of eggs that are not eliminated by the medicines prescribed by the doctor. So the most important precautions include:
- Wash your hands frequently, especially before cooking and after defecating;
- Do not share towels;
- Wash hands before and after each diaper change;
- Do not bite your nails and do not put your fingers in your mouth;
- Keep nails short;
- Wash bedding and towels at least once a week;
- Clean bedrooms, bathroom and kitchen at least once a week.
This care is important every day, but mainly there is a person in the family with a worm that can be easily transmitted, and in these cases it is important to maintain care for 6 weeks and carry out the treatment according to the doctor's recommendation. Also know some home treatment options for worms.
Signs of improvement and worsening
Improvement symptoms appear when the treatment is performed correctly, according to the doctor's guidance, and a decrease in symptoms is perceived, such as decreased abdominal pain and swelling, reduction of itching in the anus or intimate region, decreased nausea and vomiting, and absence of worms in toilet paper or feces.
On the other hand, when the treatment is not carried out or is carried out incompletely, signs of worsening may be noticed, such as weight loss, increased abdominal volume, lack of appetite and dark stools.
Learn how to identify the symptoms of worms.