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Depersonalization disorderção: what é, symptoms and how to treat

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Depersonalization disorderção: what é, symptoms and how to treat
Depersonalization disorderção: what é, symptoms and how to treat

Depersonalization disorder, or depersonification syndrome, is a disease in which the person feels disconnected from their own body, as if they were an external observer of themselves. It is common that there are also symptoms of derealization, which means a change in the perception of the environment that surrounds it, as if everything around it is unreal or artificial.

This syndrome can appear suddenly or gradually, and although it can appear in he althy people, in situations of stress, intense tiredness or drug use, it is closely associated with psychiatric illnesses, such as depression, anxiety disorders or schizophrenia.

To treat depersonification disorder, follow-up with a psychiatrist is necessary, who will guide the use of drugs such as antidepressants and anxiolytics, as well as psychotherapy.

Main symptoms

In depersonalization and derealization disorder, the person processes their emotions in an altered way, developing symptoms such as:

  1. Feeling that you are an outside observer of your body or that the body does not belong to you;
  2. Notion that you are separate from yourself and the environment;
  3. Sense of strangeness;
  4. Looking in the mirror and not recognizing yourself;
  5. To wonder if some things really happened to them or if they just dreamed or imagined these things.
  6. Being somewhere and not knowing how you got there or having done something and not remembering how;
  7. Feeling as if they were two different people, because their behavior changes a lot from one situation to another;
  8. Feeling as if everything is blurry, so that people and things seem to be far away or blurred, as if daydreaming.

Thus, in this syndrome, the person may have the feeling that they are daydreaming or that what they are experiencing is not real, so it is common for this syndrome to be confused with supernatural events.

The onset of the disorder may be sudden or gradual, and other psychiatric symptoms such as mood swings, anxiety and other psychiatric disorders are common. In certain cases, depersonalization can present single episodes, for months or years, and later becomes continuous.

How to confirm

In case of symptoms that indicate depersonalization disorder, it is necessary to consult a psychiatrist, who will be able to confirm the diagnosis by evaluating the symptoms and their intensity and frequency of these symptoms.

It is important to remember that it is not uncommon for some of the symptoms that indicate this syndrome to occur in isolation, at one time or another, however, if they are persistent or always happen, it is necessary to be concerned.

Who is most at risk

Depersonalization disorder does not have a specific cause, however it may be related to some situations or risk factors, such as:

  • Depression;
  • Panic syndrome;
  • Schizophrenia;
  • Intense stress;
  • Emotional abuse;
  • Family member with a history of psychiatric illness;
  • Long periods of sleep deprivation;
  • Traumas in childhood, especially abuse or physical and psychological abuse.

Furthermore, this disorder can also be derived from the consumption of drugs such as cannabis or other hallucinogenic drugs. It is important to remember that drugs, in general, are closely associated with the development of psychiatric diseases. Understand the types of drugs and their he alth consequences.

How the treatment is done

Treatment for depersonalization disorder should involve sessions of cognitive behavioral therapy and/or psychodynamic psychotherapy. In most cases, this disorder is accompanied by depression or anxiety, for example, and therefore, the psychologist may recommend consulting a psychiatrist, who may indicate the use of some medications to help control anxiety and changes in the mood. mood, with anxiolytics or antidepressants, such as Clonazepam, Fluoxetine or Clomipramine, for example.

It is important to continue therapy sessions with the psychologist and to be in contact with a mental he alth professional if there is no improvement despite psychotherapy sessions and medication use.

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